of December 21, 1994 No. 69-FZ
About fire safety
Accepted by the State Duma of the Russian Federation on November 18, 1994
This Federal Law determines general legal, economic and social basis of ensuring fire safety in the Russian Federation, governs in this area the relations between public authorities, local government bodies, public associations, legal entities (further - the organizations), officials, citizens (physical persons), including individual entrepreneurs (further - citizens).
Ensuring fire safety is one of the most important functions of the state.
For the purpose of this Federal Law the following concepts are applied:
fire safety - condition of security of the personality, property, society and state from the fires;
the fire - the uncontrollable burning causing material damage, harm of life and to health of citizens, interests of society and state;
requirements of fire safety - the special conditions of social and (or) technical nature established for the purpose of ensuring fire safety with the Federal Laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation and also regulating documents on fire safety;
violation of requirements of fire safety - failure to carry out or inadequate fulfillment of requirements of fire safety;
fire prevention regime - set of the subjects of the Russian Federation established by regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, regulatory legal acts and municipal legal acts on fire safety of the requirements of fire safety determining rules of conduct of people, procedure for production organization and (or) content of the territories, the parcels of land, buildings, constructions, premises of the organizations and other subjects to protection for the purpose of ensuring fire safety;
measures of fire safety - action for ensuring fire safety, including for fulfillment of requirements of fire safety;
fire protection - set of the governing bodies created in accordance with the established procedure, divisions and the organizations intended for the organization of prevention of the fires, their suppression and carrying out the wrecking assigned to them;
fire and technical products - the special technical, scientific and technical and intellectual products intended for ensuring fire safety including the fire fighting equipment and the equipment, fire equipment, fire-fighting and fireproof substances, means of special communication and management, the program for electronic computers and the database, and also other warning facilities and suppressions of the fires;
federal state fire supervision - the activities of authorized federal executive bodies, executive bodies of the subjects of the Russian Federation performing delegated powers, and also public institutions subordinated to them directed to the prevention, identification and suppression of violations by the organizations and citizens of the requirements established by the legislation of the Russian Federation on fire safety (further - mandatory requirements), by means of the organization and conducting checks of organization activity and citizens, condition of the used (operated) them subjects to protection, the territories, the parcels of land, the sold fire and technical products, holding actions for control on the timberland, on subjects to conducting underground mining operations, in case of production, transportation, storage, use and utilization of explosive materials of industrial function, acceptances of stipulated by the legislation measures of the Russian Federation for suppression and (or) elimination of the revealed violations, and activities of the specified authorized bodies of the government for systematic observation of execution of requirements of fire safety, the analysis and forecasting of condition of execution of the specified requirements when implementing by the organizations and citizens of the activities;
departmental fire supervision - activities of departmental fire protection for check of observance by the organizations subordinated to the corresponding federal executive bodies, requirements of fire safety and taking measures to results of check;
confirmation of conformity in the field of fire safety - the documentary certificate of compliance of products or other objects, performance of works and rendering services to requirements of the technical regulations, documents on standardization accepted in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation about standardization, regulations of fire safety or to conditions of agreements;
regulating documents on fire safety - the national standards of the Russian Federation, sets of rules containing requirements of fire safety, and also other documents containing requirements of fire safety;
prevention of the fires - set of the preventive measures directed to exception of possibility of the fires and restriction of their effects;
primary measures of fire safety - realization of the regulations and rules accepted in accordance with the established procedure on prevention of the fires, rescuing of people and property from the fires.
rescue and fire fighting garrison - set of the governing bodies located in certain territory, divisions and the organizations irrespective of their departmental accessory and patterns of ownership to which functions prevention and suppression of the fires, and also carrying out wrecking are referred;
the organization of suppression of the fires - set of the operational and tactical and technical actions (except for actions for providing primary measures of fire safety) directed to rescuing of people and property from dangerous factors of the fire, liquidation of the fires and carrying out wrecking;
particular fire prevention regime - the additional requirements of fire safety established by public authorities or local government bodies in case of increase in fire risk in the corresponding territories;
fire localization - the actions directed to prevention of possibility of further distribution of burning and creation of conditions for its liquidation by the available forces and means;
coordination in the field of fire safety - activities for ensuring interrelation (interaction) and coordination of elements of system of ensuring fire safety;
fire-proof promotion - informing society on ways of ensuring fire safety;
training in measures of fire safety - organized process on forming of knowledge, abilities, skills of citizens in the field of ensuring fire safety in system of general, professional and additional education, in the course of labor and office activity, and also in everyday life;
management in the field of fire safety - activities of the bodies participating in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation in ensuring fire safety;
fire zone - the territory in which there is threat of damnification of life and to health of citizens, property of physical persons and legal entities as a result of impact of dangerous factors of the fire and (or) actions for fire extinguishing and carrying out the wrecking connected with fire extinguishing are performed;
independent assessment of fire risk (audit of fire safety) - assessment of conformity of subject to protection to requirements of fire safety and the check of observance by the organizations and citizens of fire prevention regime which is carried out by the expert who is not interested in results estimates or checks in the field of assessment of fire risk;
the expert in the field of assessment of fire risk - the official certified according to the procedure, established by the Government of the Russian Federation, performing activities in the field of assessment of fire risk, having special knowledge in the field of fire safety, necessary for carrying out independent assessment of fire risk (audit of fire safety), and authorized on signing of the conclusion about independent assessment of fire risk (audit of fire safety);
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