of December 29, 1994 No. 78-FZ
About library science
Accepted by the State Duma on November 23, 1994
This Federal Law is the legal base of preserving and development of library science in the Russian Federation. He establishes the principles of activities of libraries guaranteeing human rights, public associations, the people and ethnic communities on open entry to information, free spiritual development, familiarizing with values of national and world culture and also on cultural, scientific and educational activities.
This Federal Law regulates general questions of the organization of library science, relations between the state, citizens, the companies, organizations and the organizations in the field of library science according to the principles and rules of international law.
In this Federal Law the following concepts are applied:
library - the information, cultural, educational organization or structural division of the organization having organized fund of documents and providing them in temporary use to physical persons and legal entities;
public library - library which gives opportunity of use of its fund and services to legal entities irrespective of their forms of business and patterns of ownership and to citizens without restrictions on the education level, specialty, the relation to religion;
library science - industry of information, cultural and educational and educational activities which tasks include creation and development of network of libraries, forming and processing of their funds, the organization of library, information and help and bibliographic servicing of users of libraries, training of employees of libraries, scientific and methodical ensuring development of libraries;
the user of library - the physical person or legal entity using services of library;
centralized library system - voluntary merging of libraries in structural and complete education.
library stock - set of documents of different function and the status, organizationally and functionally connected among themselves, subject to accounting, completing, storage and use for the purpose of library servicing of the population;
national library stock - the part of library stock having special historical, scientific, cultural value, intended for permanent storage and public use and being cultural property of the people of the Russian Federation;
book monuments - hand-written books, printing editions, other documents which have outstanding spiritual, material value have special historical, scientific, cultural value and concerning which the specific mode of accounting, storage and use is set.
The legislation of the Russian Federation on library science includes Bases of the legislation of the Russian Federation on culture, this Federal Law adopted according to it the Federal Laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, and also the laws and other regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation in the field of library science.
1. Libraries can be founded by public authorities of all levels, local government bodies, legal entities and physical persons.
2. According to procedure for organization and patterns of ownership the following main types of libraries are allocated:
1) the state libraries founded by public authorities including:
libraries of subjects of the Russian Federation;
libraries of the ministries and other federal executive bodies;
2) the municipal libraries founded by local government bodies;
3) libraries of the Russian Academy of Sciences, other academies, research institutions, educational organizations;
4) libraries of the companies, organizations, organizations;
5) libraries of public associations;
6) private libraries;
7) the libraries founded by foreign legal entities and physical persons, and also the international organizations according to international treaties of the Russian Federation.
1. Each citizen irrespective of sex, age, nationality, education, social position, political convictions, the relation to religion has the right to library servicing in the territory of the Russian Federation.
2. The right of citizens to library servicing is provided:
creation of the state and municipal network of the public libraries which are free of charge performing main types of library servicing;
variety of types of libraries, the state protectionism in creation of libraries by legal entities and physical persons irrespective of their forms of business and patterns of ownership, specialization and scales of activities;
by provision of access to the federal state information system "National Electronic Library" (further - National electronic library) according to article 18.1 of this Federal Law.
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