of July 15, 1995 No. 101-FZ
About international treaties of the Russian Federation
Accepted by the State Duma on June 16, 1995
The international agreements form the legal basis of the interstate relations, promote maintenance of the universal peace and safety, development of international cooperation according to the purposes and the principles of Articles of organization of the United Nations. International treaties possess important role in protection of basic rights and human freedoms, in ensuring legitimate interests of the states.
The international agreements of the Russian Federation along with the conventional principles and rules of international law are component of its system of law according to the Constitution of the Russian Federation. The international agreements - essential element of stability of the international law and order and the relations of Russia with foreign countries, functioning of the constitutional state.
The Russian Federation supports strict observance of conventional and regular rules, confirms the commitment to the fundamental principle of international law - to the principle of fair accomplishment of the international obligations.
1. This Federal Law determines procedure for the conclusion, accomplishment and termination of international treaties of the Russian Federation.
The international agreements of the Russian Federation are signed, carried out and stop according to the conventional principles and rules of international law, provisions of the agreement, the Constitution of the Russian Federation, this Federal Law.
2. This Federal Law is applied to international treaties of the Russian Federation (interstate, intergovernmental agreements and agreements of interdepartmental nature) irrespective of their type and the name (the agreement, the agreement, the convention, the protocol, exchange of letters or notes, other types and names of international treaties).
3. This Federal Law extends to the international agreements in which the Russian Federation is the party as the state - the successor of the USSR.
For the purposes of this Federal Law:
a) "the international treaty of the Russian Federation" means the international agreement signed by the Russian Federation with foreign state (or the states), with the international organization or with other education having rights to sign the international agreements (further - other education), in writing and regulated by international law irrespective of, such agreement contains in one document or in several documents connected among themselves, and also irrespective of its specific name;
b) "ratification" "approval", "acceptance" and "accession" mean depending on case form of expression of consent of the Russian Federation to obligation for it the international treaty;
c) "signing" means either stage of the conclusion of the agreement, or form of expression of consent of the Russian Federation to obligation for it the international treaty if the agreement provides that signing has such force, or the arrangement of the Russian Federation and other states participating in negotiations that signing shall have such force is otherwise established, or intention of the Russian Federation to give to signing such force follows from powers of her representative or was expressed during negotiations;
d) "conclusion" means expression of consent of the Russian Federation to obligation for it the international treaty;
e) "powers" mean the document which proceeds from competent authority of the Russian Federation and by means of which one person or several persons are designated to represent the Russian Federation for the purpose of:
adoptions of the text of the agreement or establishment of its authenticity;
expressions of consent of the Russian Federation to obligation of the agreement for it;
making of any other act relating to the agreement;
e) "clause" means the unilateral statement made during the signing, ratification, approval, adoption of the agreement or accession to it by means of which desire to exclude or change legal act of certain provisions of the agreement in their application to the Russian Federation is expressed;
g) "the international organization" means interstate, intergovernmental organization;
h) "depositary" means the state, the international organization or its leading executive official who checks the original of the international treaty and who perform the functions provided by international law concerning this agreement.
i) "authorized organization" means the organization authorized according to the Federal Law to represent to the President of the Russian Federation or to the Government of the Russian Federation offers on the conclusion, accomplishment and the termination of international treaties of the Russian Federation.
1. According to the Constitution of the Russian Federation the conclusion, the termination and suspension of action of international treaties of the Russian Federation are under authority of the Russian Federation.
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