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FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of April 24, 1995 No. 52-FZ

About fauna

(as amended on 22-12-2020)

Accepted by the State Duma on March 22, 1995

The fauna is property of the people of the Russian Federation, indivisible element of the environment and biological diversity of Earth, the renewing natural resource important the regulating and stabilizing biosphere component which is in every possible way protected and rationally used for satisfaction of spiritual and material needs of citizens of the Russian Federation.

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. Basic concepts

For the purpose of this Federal Law the following basic concepts are applied:

fauna - set of live organisms of all types of wild animals, constantly or temporarily inhabiting the territory of the Russian Federation and being in condition of natural freedom, and also belonging to natural resources of the continental shelf and exclusive economic zone of the Russian Federation;

fauna object - organism of animal origin (wild animal);

biological diversity of fauna - variety of objects of fauna within one type, between types and in ecological systems;

genetic resources of fauna - the part of biological resources including the genetic material of animal origin containing functional units of heredity;

steady existence of fauna - existence of objects of fauna during vaguely long time;

use of objects of fauna - studying, production of objects of fauna or obtaining by different ways of advantage of the specified objects for satisfaction of material or spiritual needs of the person with their withdrawal from the habitat or without that;

steady use of objects of fauna - use of objects of fauna which does not bring in the long term to depletion of biological diversity of fauna and in case of which the fauna capability to reproduction and steady existence remains;

the habitat of fauna - the environment in which objects of fauna live in condition of natural freedom;

protection of fauna - the activities directed to preserving biological diversity and ensuring steady existence of fauna, and also to creation of conditions for steady use and reproduction of objects of fauna;

protection of the habitat of fauna - the activities directed to preserving or recovery of conditions of steady existence and reproduction of objects of fauna;

use of fauna - legally caused activities of citizens of individual entrepreneurs and legal entities for use of objects of fauna;

users fauna - citizens individual entrepreneurs and legal entities who by the laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation and the laws and other regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation are given opportunity to use fauna;

the state control and supervision - implementation of check of compliance with law in the field of protection, reproduction and use of objects of fauna and the circle of their dwelling;

paragraphs the fourteenth - the sixteenth voided;

the paragraph the seventeenth ceased to be valid according to the Federal Laws of the Russian Federation of 18.07.2011 No. 242-FZ)

Article 2. Purposes of this Federal Law

This Federal Law governs the relations in the field of protection and use of fauna and the circle of its dwelling for the purpose of ensuring biological diversity, steady use of all its components, creation of conditions for steady existence of fauna, preserving genetic fund of wild animals and other protection of fauna as indivisible element of the environment.

Article 3. Legal regulation of protection and use of fauna and circle of its dwelling

The legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of protection and use of fauna and the circle of its dwelling is based on provisions of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the Federal Laws on environmental protection and consists of this Federal Law, the laws adopted according to it and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, and also the laws and other regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation about protection and use of fauna.

The legislation of the Russian Federation on protection and use of fauna governs the relations in the field of protection and use of the objects of fauna living in conditions of natural freedom. The relations in the field of protection and use of the objects of fauna containing in semi-free conditions or artificially created habitat are regulated by this Federal Law, the Federal Law of July 24, 2009 No. 209-FZ "About hunting and about preserving hunting resources and about modification of separate legal acts of the Russian Federation", other Federal Laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, and also the laws and regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation.

The relations in the field of protection and use of the farm and other cultivated animals, and also wild animals containing in bondage are regulated by other Federal Laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation.

The relations in the field of protection and use of the habitat of objects of fauna are regulated by this Federal Law, other laws and regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, the laws and other regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation.

The relations in the field of protection and use of objects of fauna of the continental shelf and exclusive economic zone of the Russian Federation are regulated by this Federal Law in that measure in what it is allowed by the Federal Laws and rules of international law.

The property relations in the field of protection and use of fauna are regulated by the civil legislation if other is not provided by this Federal Law, other Federal Laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation.

Article 4. Right of state-owned property to fauna objects

The fauna within the territory of the Russian Federation is state-owned property.

The Russian Federation has sovereign rights and performs jurisdiction on the continental shelf and in exclusive economic zone of the Russian Federation concerning fauna objects according to the procedure, determined by this Federal Law, other Federal Laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, and also rules of international law.

(the part three voided)

Questions of ownership, use, the order of fauna in the territory of the Russian Federation belong to joint maintaining the Russian Federation and subjects of the Russian Federation.

(the part five voided)

To objects of fauna of regulation of the civil law, concerning property, including sale, pledge and other transactions, are applied so far as it is allowed by this Federal Law and other Federal Laws.

(the part seven voided)

(the part eight voided)

The relations on ownership, use and the order of objects of fauna are regulated by the civil legislation in that measure in what they are not settled by this Federal Law.

The fauna objects withdrawn from the habitat in accordance with the established procedure can be in private, state, municipal or other patterns of ownership. The relations on ownership, use and the order of such animals are regulated by the civil legislation of the Russian Federation, this Federal Law, the laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, and also the laws and other regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation.

Article 5. Powers of public authorities of the Russian Federation in the field of protection and use of fauna

In the field of protection and use of fauna treat powers of public authorities of the Russian Federation:

determination of state policy in the field of protection and use of fauna;

determination of single investment policy in the field of protection and use of fauna;

development and enhancement of the federal legislation in the field of protection and use of objects of fauna and the circle of their dwelling;

coordination of activities of public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation in the field of protection and use of fauna within the territory of the Russian Federation;

regulation of use of objects of fauna, including establishment of standard rates in the field of protection, reproduction and use of objects of fauna;

regulation of number of the objects of fauna which are in especially protected natural territories of federal importance;

the organization and implementation of protection and reproduction of the objects of fauna which are in especially protected natural territories of federal importance;

implementation in especially protected natural territories of federal state control (supervision) in the field of protection, reproduction and use of objects of fauna and the circle of their dwelling;

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