of April 24, 1995 No. 52-FZ
Accepted by the State Duma on March 22, 1995
The fauna is property of the people of the Russian Federation, indivisible element of the environment and biological diversity of Earth, the renewing natural resource important the regulating and stabilizing biosphere component which is in every possible way protected and rationally used for satisfaction of spiritual and material needs of citizens of the Russian Federation.
For the purpose of this Federal Law the following basic concepts are applied:
fauna - set of live organisms of all types of wild animals, constantly or temporarily inhabiting the territory of the Russian Federation and being in condition of natural freedom, and also belonging to natural resources of the continental shelf and exclusive economic zone of the Russian Federation;
fauna object - organism of animal origin (wild animal);
biological diversity of fauna - variety of objects of fauna within one type, between types and in ecological systems;
genetic resources of fauna - the part of biological resources including the genetic material of animal origin containing functional units of heredity;
steady existence of fauna - existence of objects of fauna during vaguely long time;
use of objects of fauna - studying, production of objects of fauna or obtaining by different ways of advantage of the specified objects for satisfaction of material or spiritual needs of the person with their withdrawal from the habitat or without that;
steady use of objects of fauna - use of objects of fauna which does not bring in the long term to depletion of biological diversity of fauna and in case of which the fauna capability to reproduction and steady existence remains;
the habitat of fauna - the environment in which objects of fauna live in condition of natural freedom;
protection of fauna - the activities directed to preserving biological diversity and ensuring steady existence of fauna, and also to creation of conditions for steady use and reproduction of objects of fauna;
protection of the habitat of fauna - the activities directed to preserving or recovery of conditions of steady existence and reproduction of objects of fauna;
use of fauna - legally caused activities of citizens of individual entrepreneurs and legal entities for use of objects of fauna;
users fauna - citizens individual entrepreneurs and legal entities who by the laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation and the laws and other regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation are given opportunity to use fauna;
the state control and supervision - implementation of check of compliance with law in the field of protection, reproduction and use of objects of fauna and the circle of their dwelling;
paragraphs the fourteenth - the sixteenth voided;
the paragraph the seventeenth voided according to the Federal Laws of the Russian Federation of 18.07.2011 No. 242-FZ)
This Federal Law governs the relations in the field of protection and use of fauna and the circle of its dwelling for the purpose of ensuring biological diversity, steady use of all its components, creation of conditions for steady existence of fauna, preserving genetic fund of wild animals and other protection of fauna as indivisible element of the environment.
The legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of protection and use of fauna and the circle of its dwelling is based on provisions of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the Federal Laws on environmental protection and consists of this Federal Law, the laws adopted according to it and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, and also the laws and other regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation about protection and use of fauna.
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