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LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of January 14, 1993 No. 4292-1

About perpetuating of memory of the dead in case of protection of the Fatherland

(as amended on 01-05-2022)

Respect for memory of the dead in case of protection of the Fatherland or its interests is holy duty of all citizens.

Section I. General provisions

Article 1. Perpetuating of memory of the dead in case of protection of the Fatherland

Memory is subject to perpetuating:

the dead during military operations, in case of accomplishment of other fighting tasks or in case of accomplishment of service duties on protection of the Fatherland;

died in case of accomplishment of military duty in the territories of other states;

died of the wounds, contusions, mutilations or diseases got in case of protection of the Fatherland, irrespective of time of approach of the specified consequences, and also missing persons during military operations, in case of accomplishment of other fighting tasks or in case of accomplishment of service duties;

the dead who died in captivity in which appeared owing to the developed fighting situation, but not lost the honor and advantage which did not change to the Homeland.

The tribute to the memory is rendered also to the foreign citizens who died in case of protection of Russia.

Besides, memory of the associations, connections and organizations which caused a stir in case of protection of the Fatherland is immortalized and also the places of fighting which became history as symbols of heroism, courage and firmness of the people of our Fatherland are immortalized.

Article 2. Forms of perpetuating of memory of the dead in case of protection of the Fatherland

The main forms of perpetuating of memory of the dead in case of protection of the Fatherland are:

burial and reburial of remains of the dead in case of protection of the Fatherland, preserving and improvement of military burials, creation, preserving and improvement of other places of burial of the dead in case of protection of the Fatherland, installation of the gravestones, monuments, steles, obelisks, other memorial constructions and objects immortalizing memory of the dead;

preserving and arrangement of the separate territories which are historically connected with feats of the dead in case of protection of the Fatherland;

carrying out the search work directed to identification of unknown military burials and unburied remains, establishment of names of the dead and missing persons in case of protection of the Fatherland, entering of their names and other information about them in books of Memory and the corresponding information systems;

creation of the memorial museums and construction on places of fighting of memorable signs;

publications in mass media and on the Internet of materials about the dead in case of protection of the Fatherland, creation of the works of art and literature devoted to their feats, the organization of exhibitions;

assignment of names of the dead in case of protection of the Fatherland to streets and squares, geographical objects, the organizations, including the educational organizations, organizations, military units and connections, the ships and courts;

entering of names of the dead in case of protection of the Fatherland forever in lists of staff of military units, military professional educational organizations and military educational organizations of the higher education;

establishment of the memorials immortalizing names of the dead in case of protection of the Fatherland.

According to the decision of public authorities and local government bodies, public national associations, public associations also other actions for perpetuating of memory of the dead in case of protection of the Fatherland can be performed.

The element of the military burial or memorial construction which is out of military burial which provides possibility of permanent burning of fire is the Eternal flame. The element of the military burial or memorial construction which is out of military burial which provides possibility of periodic burning of fire is memory Fire. The procedure for frequency of burning of Fire of memory is established by authorized federal executive body on perpetuating of memory of the dead in case of protection of the Fatherland. Gas supply for the purpose of ensuring permanent burning of the Eternal flame and periodic burning of Fire of memory on the military burials and memorial constructions which are out of the military burials specified in the register which is kept by authorized federal executive body on perpetuating of memory of the dead in case of protection of the Fatherland, is performed taking into account the principles of pricing on gas and rates for the services in its transportation established by the Government of the Russian Federation.

Section II. Burials of the dead in case of protection of the Fatherland

Article 3. Burials of the dead in case of protection of the Fatherland

Burials of the dead in case of protection of the Fatherland with the gravestones which are on them, monuments, steles, obelisks, elements of barrier and other memorial constructions and objects are military burials.

Treat them: military memorial cemeteries, military cemeteries, certain military sites at general cemeteries, mass and individual graves at general cemeteries and out of cemeteries, columbaria and ballot boxes with ashes of the dead, places of burials in water areas of the seas and oceans, places of death of the fighting ships, sea, river and aircrafts with crews.

The questions connected with military burials in the territories of other states are regulated by international treaties of the Russian Federation.

Article 4. Procedure for burial (reburial) for the dead in case of protection of the Fatherland

Burial (reburial) of the dead in case of protection of the Fatherland is performed with afterfeast of military honors. Responsibility regarding afterfeast of military honors is conferred on bodies of military management. At the same time holding religious practices is not forbidden.

Burial of unburied remains of the dead found during search work in the territory of the Russian Federation will be organized and carry out public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation with participation of the military units deployed in the corresponding territories. In the territories of other states burial of unburied remains of the dead in case of protection of the Fatherland found during search work as the Russian Federation carries out the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation through diplomatic representations and consular establishments of the Russian Federation, in other cases in the territories of other states burial of unburied remains of the dead in case of protection of the Fatherland is carried out with the assistance of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation through diplomatic representations and consular establishments of the Russian Federation according to international treaties of the Russian Federation.

In case of detection of remains of the military personnel of armies of other states burial is made with informing, and in necessary cases and with participation of representatives of the relevant organizations of these states.

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