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RESOLUTION OF COUNCIL OF MINISTERS OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS

of February 15, 2023 No. 128

About the Strategy of the treatment of radioactive waste

Based on article 44 of the Law of the Republic of Belarus of June 18, 2019 "About radiation safety" and for the purpose of enhancement of system of the treatment of radioactive waste the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus DECIDES: No. 198-Z

1. Approve the Strategy of the treatment of radioactive waste it (is applied).

2. This resolution becomes effective after its official publication.

Prime Minister of the Republic of Belarus

R. Golovchenko

Approved by the Resolution of Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus of February 15, 2023 No. 128

Strategy of the treatment of radioactive waste

Chapter 1. General provisions

Use of atomic energy and sources of ionizing radiation is inevitably connected with formation of the radioactive waste constituting potential danger for the person and the environment. Safety in case of the treatment of radioactive waste is one of components of nuclear and radiation safety.

The legal basis of this Strategy is constituted by the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus, legal acts, resolutions of Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus and other regulatory legal acts creating the legislation on nuclear and radiation safety. In this Strategy the conventional principles and rules of international law, the international agreements of the Republic of Belarus and other international legal acts containing obligations of the Republic of Belarus are considered.

According to regulations of the Integrated convention on safety of the treatment of the fulfilled fuel and on safety of the treatment of radioactive waste of September 5, 1997 contracting parties confirm that finally responsibility for ensuring safe handling of spent nuclear fuel and radioactive waste is assigned to the state. Each contracting party takes adequate measures on ensuring reliable protection of society and the environment from radiological and other risks at all stages of the treatment of radioactive waste.

This Strategy is the complex program document fixing the main activities according to the safe and cost-efficient handling of radioactive waste.

The basic principles of ensuring radiation safety in the Republic of Belarus in case of the treatment of radioactive waste are:

ensuring acceptable level of security of workers (personnel) and the population from radiative effects of radioactive waste according to the principles of reasons, regulation and optimization;

ensuring acceptable level of security of the environment from harmful radiative effects of radioactive waste;

accounting of interdependence between different stages of the treatment of radioactive waste;

the protection of future generations which is that the predicted levels of radiation of future generations caused by burial of radioactive waste shall not exceed the admissible levels of radiation of the population established by the legislation;

not assignment on future generations of unreasonable burden according to the problem resolution in safety in case of the treatment of radioactive waste;

control of education and accumulating of radioactive waste (restriction of education and accumulating of radioactive waste at the minimum level);

accident prevention with radiation effects and weakening of possible effects in case of their origin.

According to the main directions of enhancement of national system of the treatment of radioactive waste specified by the principles are:

development of necessary infrastructure, including creation and operation of Item of burial of radioactive waste;

maintenance of formation of radioactive waste at the minimum level;

development new and enhancement of the existing technologies for the treatment of radioactive waste;

functioning of single state system of accounting and control of sources of ionizing radiation, state system of accounting and control of nuclear materials;

scientific, technical and information support of activities in the field of the treatment of radioactive waste;

enhancement of the regulatory legal acts determining requirements for regulation of the treatment of radioactive waste;

preparation and retraining of personnel;

expansion of international cooperation in the field of the treatment of radioactive waste;

participation of the public in decision making which can have potential effects for health of society or the environment.

In this Strategy terms in the values established in acts of the legislation on nuclear and radiation safety are used.

Chapter 2. General analysis of system of the treatment of radioactive waste

At the present stage in the Republic of Belarus more than 750 subjects of managing in spheres of the industry, health care, science, education and other spheres apply various radioactive materials which after loss of consumer qualities are not subject to further application in the activities. The main part of radioactive waste is formed as a result of operation of nuclear power plant.

Catastrophic crash effects on the Chernobyl NPP for the Republic of Belarus designated the need for implementation of protective measures on considerable part of the territory for the purpose of minimization of radiological impact on the population and objects of the environment. The implementation of actions on deactivation of objects, the equipment, sites of the territories led to formation of system of burials of waste of the Chernobyl origin. At this stage it is necessary to develop and implement further decisions concerning its functioning.

In the Republic of Belarus radioactive waste of different types (gaseous, liquid and firm) and categories are formed (it is very low - it is low - average and highly active). Also will be formed very shortly - it is short - and long-living radioactive waste.

Reference of waste to radioactive is performed according to hygienic standard rates. Criteria for classification of radioactive waste by degree of radiation hazard are established by the Government of the Republic of Belarus.

The treatment of radioactive waste includes collection, sorting (separation) according to classes of radiation hazard, conversion, storage and (or) burial, and also their transportation.

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