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of December 7, 2022 No. 847

About approval of the Basic rules of fire safety in the Republic of Moldova

(as amended of the Order of the Government of the Republic of Moldova of 14.06.2023 No. 391)

Based on part (4) article 31 of the Law No. 267/1994 on fire safety (The official monitor of the Republic of Moldova, 1995, Art. No. 15-16, 144), with subsequent changes, DECIDES: the Government

1. Approve the Basic rules of fire safety in the Republic of Moldova (are applied).

2. To impose control over the implementation of this resolution on National inspectorate for technical supervision under the Ministry of infrastructure and regional development.

3. Declare invalid the Order of the Government No. 1159/2007 about approval of the Technical regulation "The Basic Rules of Fire Safety in the Republic of Moldova" RT DSE 1.01-2005 (The official monitor of the Republic of Moldova, 2007, Art. No. 171-174, 1204).

Prime Minister

Natalya Gavrilitsa


Deputy Prime Minister, minister of infrastructure and regional development


Andrey Spynu

Minister of Internal Affairs

Anna Revenko


Approved by the Order of the Government of the Republic of Moldova of December 7, 2022 No. 847

The basic rules of fire safety in the Republic of Moldova

Chapter I General provisions

Section 1 General provisions

1. The basic rules of fire safety in the Republic of Moldova (further - Rules) establish mandatory requirements on protection against the fires and protection of users, forces performing actions for intervention, property and the environment from effects of the fires are directed to prevention and decrease in risks of emergence of the fires, providing conditions for restriction of distribution through technical and organizational actions.

2. For the purpose of ensuring fire safety along with these rules regulating documents in construction, regulations of process design, requirements of fire protection provided in instructions on fire safety will be observed.

Regulations of the central industry bodies of public management and autonomous bodies of the public power, regulations of authorities of autonomous territorial educations with special legal status and the regulations of local authorities of public management approved in accordance with the established procedure do not may contain provisions which reduce requirements of provisions of these rules.

3. Fire safety of buildings and constructions is considered secure if provisions of the Law No. 267/1994 on fire safety, these rules and other regulations containing the regulating regulations of fire safety are completely carried out.

4. On each object safety of people on case of emergence of the fire shall be ensured, and also instructions about measures of fire safety are developed for each explosion-fire-hazardous and fire-dangerous site (workshop, the workshop), according to requirements of appendix No. 1, and responsible persons for ensuring fire safety are designated.

5. Persons responsible for ensuring fire safety provide training of employees of bodies of the public power and business entities irrespective of type of property and form of business with the subsequent admission to fulfillment of duties on post. In case of change of specifics of activities employees attend additional courses on prevention and suppression of the fires.

6. Persons responsible for ensuring fire safety shall have certificates on passing of training course in the field of fire protection and are appointed the internal administrative act of public authorities and business entities irrespective of type of property and form of business of the organization.

7. On objects voluntary fire forming are created and their functioning according to requirements of the Regulations on voluntary fire forming approved by the Order of the Government No. 662/1999 is provided.

8. The personal responsibility for ensuring fire safety in organizations and divisions subordinated to them is born by their administrators (heads).

9. Responsibility for ensuring fire safety of objects of private property (individual apartment houses, dachas, garages, outdoor constructions) is born by their owners or persons who manage them (directly perform ownership / or use).

10. Heads, administrators, owners or persons who manage real estate objects (directly perform ownership and/or use of them) or other persons holding responsible positions shall:

1) to provide fire-proof protection and fire prevention regime on the objects and buildings which are under authority;

2) to develop organizational, technical and engineering measures of fire safety and to provide their accomplishment;

3) to carry out fire prevention according to the instructions published by body of the state fire supervision;

4) for the purpose of minimization of fire danger in case of realization of technology production processes to implement scientific and technical achievements in the fire protection system;

5) to provide accomplishment and observance of fire safety regulations according to specifications, regulations and fire safety regulations during the designing, construction, reconstruction, modernization and repair of objects;

6) to allocate funds for maintenance and development of voluntary fire forming;

7) to create voluntary forming of firefighters and to provide their activities under business entities numbering workers of 15 and more people;

8) to contain in working order automatic warning systems and fire extinguishing, systems of smoke removal, water supply sources for suppression of the fires, the fire equipment, technical means of fire extinguishing and not to allow their use for the purpose of for which they are not intended;

Not to allow 9) on workplace of persons who were not trained in the field of the prevention and suppression of the fires;

To provide 10) upon the demand of bodies of the state fire supervision information on degree of fire safety of rooms and products, information on the fires which happened at the company, and their effects;

11) to take measures according to the procedure, established by the legislation, to the employees breaking regulations and fire safety regulations with compensation of material damage by persons guilty of emergence of the fires;

12) to provide annual survey of the flues and/or ventilating channels, ventilating systems, electroinstallations and devices consuming gaseous fuel on the objects which are under authority with receipt of the relevant act from the certified specialist in the field;

13) to fill, sign and to annually provide to body of the state fire supervision the declaration on fire-proof condition of the buildings and constructions which are in management;

14) to provide continuous open entry to external sources of water for gas station of special equipment in case of fire;

15) to have certificates on passing of course of training of administrators in the field of fire safety.

11. The companies for supply with natural gas shall deliver gas fuel to final consumers only on condition of ensuring proper functioning of gas-consuming devices, flues and/or ventilating channels, with issue of permission to their use according to regulations of the Order of the Government No. 267/2003 on optimization of the procedure of installation of gas coppers in apartments, individual apartment houses and on social facilities.

12. The organizations specializing in servicing and control of fire protection systems (systems of the fire alarm, fire extinguishing systems, systems of smoke removal, warning systems about the fire, internal and outside fireplugs, etc.), shall represent at the end of each accounting year to state supervision body behind fire-proof actions the list of the serviced objects and their operational condition.

13. The legal entities performing activities in the field of fire safety notify state supervision body behind fire-proof actions on the rendered services according to the procedure, the stipulated in Clause 33 Laws No. 267/1994 on fire safety.

Section 2 Organizational actions for ensuring fire safety

14. On all objects, irrespective of appointment, on foregrounds plates with indication of phone number of Single national service of the emergency challenges "112" are established.

15. Rules of use of naked flame in the territory of the companies, traffic circulation, the places intended for smoking and productions of temporary fire-dangerous works are established in the instructions on fire safety for each specific object developed by administrators, other persons with the functions of responsibility or persons managing them.

16. At each company, irrespective of organizational form and type of activity, the internal administrative act sets the fire prevention regime corresponding to fire risk, providing the following:

1) equipment of smoking areas;

2) places and admissible amount of raw materials, semifinished products and finished goods which at the same time can be in rooms;

3) procedure for cleaning of combustible waste and dust, storage of the oiled overalls;

4) procedure for de-energization of electric equipment in case of fire and upon termination of the working day;

5) procedure for test (inspections) and closing of rooms after the termination of the working day;

6) regulation of procedure for carrying out temporary works with use of fire and other fire-dangerous works, inspection routine and closing of rooms after completion of work, action of workers in case of fire detection.

17. Heads of the companies at which dangerous (explosive), strong toxic agents are applied, processed and stored shall report to state supervision body behind fire-proof actions of their name and the chemical composition for safety of the personnel involved in fire extinguishing and carrying out wrecking at these companies.

18. For buildings and constructions, except apartment houses in which there are on one floor at the same time more than 10 people plans (schemes) of evacuation of people in case of fire are developed and are at foregrounds, and also installation of system of the alarm system and the notification in case of the fire is provided.

The head of object with mass stay of people (50 people and more) in addition to the plan scheme of evacuation of people in case of fire, shall develop the instruction determining actions of personnel for ensuring safe and bystry evacuation, and also for fire extinguishing.

For objects with night stay of people (kindergartens, boarding schools, hospitals, shelters) two types of actions on the organization of evacuation of people and for reaction method in emergency situations are provided: in night and day time.

19. Persons responsible for organization of events with mass participation of people, shall perform rooms before holding the relevant activities and provide observance of measures of fire protection.

20. Heads of objects with mass stay of people (50 people and more) shall give once a half-year practical training with all employees for the purpose of imitation of actions for ensuring safe and bystry evacuation of people, and also in fire extinguishing.

21. Physical persons and legal entities shall:

To observe 1) on production and in life of the requirement of regulations and fire safety regulations, to observe and support fire prevention regime;

2) to carry out precautionary measures when using of gas devices, objects of household chemicals, work with flammable and combustible liquids, other flammable substances, materials and the equipment;

Immediately to report 3) to the head about any abuse of regulations of fire safety or about any situation which constitutes fire risk, and also about any failures and defects of systems and installations of fire safety;

To call 4) in case of detection of the fire emergency number 112, to report the address, data on itself, phone number, information on nature of the fire and, whenever possible, to take part in evacuation (rescuing) of people, property and fire extinguishing.

22. Physical persons and legal entities shall provide the admission of state supervision body behind fire-proof actions for evaluating fire risk of the buildings belonging to them, structures and constructions, premises according to provisions of the Law No. 267/1994 on fire safety.

Section 3 of the Requirement of fire safety for the territories, buildings, constructions, rooms

Subsection 1 Content of the Territory

23. Within fire-proof gaps between buildings, constructions and ground storages, and also sites at distance at least 10 meters from apartment houses, country and other constructions are forbidden warehousing of any objects, storage of materials and combustible waste, dry grass, and also installation of any constructions / designs, including temporary. Waste should be collected in specially equipped places, and then to export in accordance with the established procedure.

24. Roads, drives to the buildings, constructions, ground storages and water sources used for the purposes of fire extinguishing and also approaches to fire-escapes and fire stock shall be always free for access of fire trucks.

On all length of siding for fire trucks indexes "SIDING FOR FIRE TENDERS shall be established. SHALL be FREE!".

Platforms and platforms for arrangement of the fire and rescue trucks intended for rescue operations at height provided in close proximity to buildings shall be properly designated, constantly remain free and are designated by the index "the PLACE FOR INSTALLATION of the AUTOMOBILE FIRE-ESCAPE. SHALL be FREE!".

25. Local authorities of public management notify the General inspectorate on emergency situations of the Ministry of Internal Affairs on closing of highways, public roads or transport ways on repair and on other actions which can block movement of fire trucks.

For movement suspension on roads the corresponding route signs specifying the direction of detour or the place of journey of the repaired sites and access to water sources are established.

26. Placement of buildings of block and container type by groups no more 6, on the area no more than 600 sq.m is allowed. The distance between these groups of buildings and from them to other constructions, booths shall be at least 15 meters.

27. Smoking in the territories and in rooms of warehouses and material resources, hlebopriyemny Items, objects of trade, production, conversion and storage of flammable liquids, combustible liquids and combustible gases, productions of explosives of any type, on pozharo-and explosive sites, in school and preschool institutions and on grain fields is forbidden.

28. It is forbidden to make fire, to cook food on naked flame (grills, braziers, baking sheets) within fire-proof distance between buildings.

29. The territory of settlements, the companies and other objects shall have the outside lighting sufficient for bystry finding of fire-proof water sources, entrances to buildings and constructions, fire stock.

30. Moving and transitions through inside railway tracks shall be free for journey of fire trucks and have continuous floorings at the level of the upper cut of rails.

The parking of cars without locomotives on moving is forbidden.

31. In the territory of apartment houses, gardening partnerships and public buildings it is forbidden to store packagings with flammable and combustible liquids.

32. Rural settlements, gardening partnerships are equipped with water supply sources (network of water supply systems or reservoirs with water for fire extinguishing, reservoirs) and provided with special technology of fire extinguishing and the corresponding fire technical equipment depending on total quantity of houses (sites), as follows:

1) from 30 to 150 houses (sites) - shall have one figurative fire motor-pump;

2) from 151 to 300 houses (sites) - shall have one trailing fire motor-pump;

3) over 300 houses (sites) - two trailing fire motor-pumps shall have.

Rest houses and improving organizations in rural settlements are equipped with water supply sources (network of water supply systems or reservoirs with water for fire extinguishing, reservoirs) and provided with special technology of fire extinguishing and the corresponding fire technical equipment.

33. In the territory of settlements and objects of bodies of the public power and business entities, irrespective of type of property and form of business, it is not allowed to arrange places for warehousing of combustible waste.

Subsection 2 Content of Buildings, constructions, rooms

34. For all production and storage facilities categories of fire and explosion and fire risk, and also zone class according to the rules regulating electrical power area which shall be specified on doors of rooms are established.

Near the equipment having the raised fire risk it is necessary to hang out standard signs of safety (posters, plates and other information panels).

Application in production processes of materials and substances with their unknown indicators pozharo-and potential of explosion or, the established Law No. 277/2018 on the chemicals and the Order of the Government No. 1324/2016 which are not conforming to requirements about approval of the Technical regulation on the main safety requirements is not allowed to explosives for civil application, placement in the market and control over explosives for civil application, and also their storage with other materials and substances.

35. Installations of fire protection of rooms, buildings and constructions are constantly supported in the condition meeting technical standards of operation and functioning.

36. The self-closed devices of doors are supported in the condition meeting technical standards of operation and functioning. Installation of the devices or mechanisms interfering free closing of fire-proof or smoke-proof doors (installations) is not allowed.

37. It is forbidden to carry out works on the equipment, installations and machines with defects which can lead to the fire, and also in case of the switched-off instrumentations and the technology automatic equipment providing control of the set modes of temperature, pressure and other safe parameters.

38. Violation of fireproof coverings (plaster, plastering, including loss and deterioration in fireproof properties) building constructions, combustible finishing and heat-insulating materials, metal support and the equipment shall be eliminated immediately.

The structural elements and fabrics processed by antipirenovy solutions after effective period of impregnating materials and in case of loss of fireproof properties of components are exposed to repeated impregnation.

The condition of heat-shielding and impregnations is checked in case of acceptance of works based on the acts issued by accredited test laboratories for carrying out testing in the field of fire safety.

39. In places of crossing of fire-proof walls, overlappings and the protecting designs different engineering and technology communications the formed openings and gaps shall be closed up by the construction solution or other nonflammable materials providing required limit of fire resistance and dymogazonepronitsayemost.

40. In case of re-planning of rooms, change of their functional purpose or installation of new processing equipment requirements of the existing fire protection regulations shall be observed.

41. Objects with mass stay of people (50 people and more), and also potentially dangerous companies of oil processing, woodworking, the chemical industry in the fire relation shall be provided with internal telecommunication communication for the purpose of the operational notification in case of fire or emergency situation.

42. In buildings of bodies of the public power, legal entities, irrespective of type of property and form of business (except for individual apartment houses), it is forbidden:

1) to store and use in cellars and semibasement rooms of flammable liquids, combustible liquids, explosive dust, explosives, goods in aerosol package, celluloid and other materials and substances with pozharo-and potential of explosion, except as specified, established by regulations;

2) to use attics, technical floors, ventilating rooms and other technical rooms for the organization of production sites, workshops, and also to store combustible materials;

To place 3) in lift halls storage rooms, booths, stalls;

4) to arrange warehouses of combustible materials and workshops, and also to place other economic rooms in cellars and first floors if the entrance to them is not isolated from general staircases;

5) to remove the doors of lobbies and halls, corridors, platforms and staircases provided by the project;

To block 6) (to encumber) doors, hatches on balconies and loggias, transitions to adjacent sections and exits to outside evacuation ladders;

7) cleaning of rooms and washing of clothes using flammable and combustible liquids, and also warming up of the frozen pipes by means of naked flame;

8) to leave the oiled cleaning cloth on workplace;

9) to establish deaf lattices at windows, except as specified, when they open;

To arrange 10) on staircases and in corridors storage rooms (closets), and also to store under ladder marches and on their platforms things and other combustible materials. Under ladder marches on first floors the device only of rooms for the counters of water and electroboards which are fenced off by partitions from nonflammable materials is allowed;

11) the device of mezzanines, offices and other built-in rooms from combustible materials or partitions with substandard limit of fire resistance in production and storage facilities (except buildings of the V degree of fire resistance);

12) finishing of internal walls and ceilings polymeric materials in public places, except slabogoryuchy stretch ceilings (the C1) group.

43. Outside fire-escapes and protective barriers on roofs of buildings and constructions shall contain in the condition meeting technical standards of operation. In case of acceptance of works they are subject to the testing for durability which are carried out by accredited test laboratories in the field of metalwork.

44. In buildings IV and V degrees of fire resistance organization of events with simultaneous stay of 50 and more people is allowed only in rooms of the first floor.

45. Doors of attics, technical floors and cellars shall contain in the closed condition. From the outer side on doors the storage location of keys is specified, and the plan/scheme of rooms is from the inside hung out.

46. Window openings of cellars and first floors of buildings are regularly cleared. Their blocking is forbidden.

47. For collection of the used textile cleaning cloths it is necessary to establish metal boxes with densely closed covers. Upon termination of change the used cleaning cloths are removed from the room.

48. Overalls of persons working with oils, varnishes, paints and other flammable liquids, combustible liquids shall be stored in metal cases, places, established in specially allotted for these purposes.

49. In buildings with stained-glass windows more than one high the floor is not allowed violation of elements of designs of smoke-tight nonflammable diaphragms, in space between floors, established in stained-glass windows at the level of each floor.

50. Number of visitors in visual, exhibition, trade, lunch floors (rooms), in the stands, and also in other rooms with mass stay of people (more 50) shall not exceed the number of the designing established by regulations or determined by calculation proceeding from handling capacity of ways of evacuation.

When the usable space of rooms exceeds two thirds of total area, the following density of people is considered:

1) for shopping centers with area more than 400 sq.m one person on 5 m 2, irrespective of arrangement level is considered;

2) in all other cases on one person on everyone:

a) Sq.m 1,5 in orchestra seats;

b) 3 sq.m at the level of the ground two underground floors and the ground two elevated floors;

c) 5 sq.m in other cases.

In case of absence in regulations of designing of data for calculation, time of evacuation of people in case of fire shall not exceed 2 minutes, and the settlement square at one person constitutes sq.m 0,75.


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