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FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of October 6, 1999 No. 184-FZ

About the general principles of the organization of legislative (representative) and executive bodies of the government of subjects of the Russian Federation

(as amended on 13-07-2020)

Accepted by the State Duma of the Russian Federation on September 22, 1999

The system of legislative (representative) and executive bodies of the government of subjects of the Russian Federation is established by them independently according to bases of the constitutional system of the Russian Federation and this Federal Law.

Education, forming, activities of legislative (representative) and executive bodies of the government of subjects of the Russian Federation, their power and responsibility, order of interaction among themselves and with federal bodies of the government are based on the Constitution of the Russian Federation and are regulated by the Federal constitutional Laws, this Federal Law, other Federal Laws, constitutions (charters), the laws and other regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation.

In this Federal Law the terms "executive bodies of the government of the subject of the Russian Federation" and "executive bodies of the subject of the Russian Federation" are used in one value.

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. Principles of activities of public authorities of the subject of the Russian Federation

1. According to the Constitution of the Russian Federation activities of public authorities of the subject of the Russian Federation are performed according to the following principles:

a) state and territorial integrity of the Russian Federation;

b) distribution of sovereignty of the Russian Federation on all its territory;

c) rule of the Constitution of the Russian Federation and the Federal Laws in all territory of the Russian Federation;

d) unity of system of the government;

e) separation of the government into balances of powers, legislative, executive and judicial for the purpose of providing, and exception of concentration of all powers or their most part under the authority of one public authority or the official;

e) differentiation of areas of jurisdiction and powers between public authorities of the Russian Federation and public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation;

g) independent implementation by public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation of the powers belonging to them;

h) independent implementation of the powers by local government bodies.

2. Public authorities of the subject of the Russian Federation provide realization of the rights of citizens to participation in administration of the state as it is direct, and through the representatives, including by legislative fixing of guarantees of timely calling of an election in public authorities of the subject of the Russian Federation and local government bodies and guarantees of periodic carrying out the specified elections.

3. Public authorities of the subject of the Russian Federation promote development of local self-government in the territory of the subject of the Russian Federation.

4. Powers of public authorities of the subject of the Russian Federation are established by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, this Federal Law, other Federal Laws, the constitution (charter) and the laws of the subject of the Russian Federation and can be changed only by introduction of the relevant amendments to the Constitution of the Russian Federation and (or) review of its provisions, by entering of corresponding changes and (or) amendments into this Federal Law, by adoption of the new Federal Laws, the constitution (charter) and the laws of the subject of the Russian Federation or by entering of corresponding changes and (or) amendments into the specified existing acts.

5. Differentiation of areas of jurisdiction and powers between public authorities of the Russian Federation and public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation is performed by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the Federal agreement and other agreements on differentiation of areas of jurisdiction and powers signed according to the Constitution of the Russian Federation and the Federal Laws. The general principles and procedure for differentiation of areas of jurisdiction and powers by the conclusion of agreements on differentiation of areas of jurisdiction and powers between federal bodies of the government and public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation (further - agreements on differentiation of powers) and adoptions of the Federal Laws are established by this Federal Law.

6. According to the Constitution of the Russian Federation federal executive bodies and executive bodies of subjects of the Russian Federation can under the mutual agreement delegate each other implementation to part of the powers if it does not contradict the Constitution of the Russian Federation, this Federal Law and other Federal Laws.

Article 2. System of public authorities of the subject of the Russian Federation

The system of public authorities of the subject of the Russian Federation is constituted: legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation; the supreme executive body of the government of the subject of the Russian Federation; other public authorities of the subject of the Russian Federation formed according to the constitution (charter) of the subject of the Russian Federation.

The position of the management official of the subject of the Russian Federation can be established by the constitution (charter) of the subject of the Russian Federation.

Article 2.1. State positions of subjects of the Russian Federation

1. The list of standard state positions of subjects of the Russian Federation affirms the President of the Russian Federation.

2. The restrictions and obligations established by the Federal Law of December 25, 2008 No. 273-FZ "About anti-corruption" and other Federal Laws extend to persons replacing the state positions of subjects of the Russian Federation, except for magistrate judges.

3. Persons replacing the state positions of subjects of the Russian Federation, their spouses and minor children are forbidden to open and have accounts (deposits), to store cash and values in the foreign banks located outside the territory of the Russian Federation, to own and use foreign financial instruments. At the same time the concept "foreign financial instruments" is used in this Federal Law in the value determined by the Federal Law of May 7, 2013 No. 79-FZ "About prohibition to separate categories of persons to open and have accounts (deposits), to store cash and values in the foreign banks located outside the territory of the Russian Federation, to own and use foreign financial instruments".

4. In case of acceptance of regulatory legal act of the subject of the Russian Federation providing to persons replacing the state positions of the subject of the Russian Federation, additional social and other guarantees in connection with the termination of powers (including ahead of schedule), such regulatory legal act extends only to the persons who are replacing the state positions of the subject of the Russian Federation on professional permanent basis and reached retirement age or lost working capacity during implementation of powers by them on the state position of the subject of the Russian Federation and cannot provide the specified guarantees to persons whose powers were stopped in connection with non-compliance with restrictions, prohibitions, non-execution of the obligations established by the Federal Law of December 25, 2008 No. 273-FZ "About anti-corruption" The Federal Law of December 3, 2012 No. 230-FZ "About control of compliance of expenses of persons replacing the state positions, and other persons to their income" the Federal Law of May 7, 2013 No. 79-FZ "About prohibition to separate categories of persons to open and have accounts (deposits), to store cash and values in the foreign banks located outside the territory of the Russian Federation, to own and use foreign financial instruments", or on the bases provided by subitems "b", "g" of Item 1 of article 9 of this Federal Law or in connection with non-compliance with restrictions, stipulated in Item 1 article 12 of this Federal Law.

Article 3. Ensuring rule of the Constitution of the Russian Federation and federal legislation

1. By the Federal Laws, agreements on differentiation of powers, devolution agreements of implementation of part of powers between federal executive bodies and executive bodies of the government of subjects of the Russian Federation (further - agreements), constitutions (charters), the laws and other regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation cannot be transferred, be excluded or be redistributed otherwise the areas of jurisdiction of the Russian Federation, objects of joint maintaining the Russian Federation established by the Constitution of the Russian Federation and subjects of the Russian Federation (further - objects of joint maintaining), and also areas of jurisdiction of subjects of the Russian Federation. In case of contradiction of the Constitution of the Russian Federation of provisions of the specified acts provisions of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, are effective with regulatory legal acts of the President of the Russian Federation and regulatory legal acts of the Government of the Russian Federation.

The laws and other regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation cannot contradict the Federal Laws adopted on areas of jurisdiction of the Russian Federation and objects of joint maintaining. In case of contradiction between the Federal Law and other act issued in the Russian Federation the Federal Law is effective.

2. Subjects of the Russian Federation have the right to perform own legal regulation in objects of joint maintaining before adoption of the Federal Laws. After adoption of the relevant Federal Law the laws and other regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation are subject to reduction in compliance with this Federal Law within three months.

3. If the public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation believes that the Federal Law does not correspond to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the regulatory legal act of federal body of the government does not correspond to the provisions of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the Federal Laws or agreements on differentiation of powers establishing differentiation of areas of jurisdiction and powers between federal bodies of the government and public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation, dispute on competence or question of compliance of the Federal Law of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, compliance of regulatory legal act of federal body of the government of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, it is allowed to the Federal Laws or agreements on differentiation of powers by the relevant court. Before entry into force of the judgment about recognition of the Federal Law or its separate provisions not corresponding to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, regulatory legal act of federal body of the government or its separate provisions not corresponding to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the Federal Laws or agreements on differentiation of powers adoption of the laws and other regulatory legal acts of the subject of the Russian Federation contradicting relevant provisions of the Federal Law, regulatory legal act of federal body of the government is not allowed.

Article 3.1. Responsibility of public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation

Public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation bear responsibility for violation of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the Federal constitutional Laws and Federal Laws, and also provide compliance of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, to the Federal constitutional Laws and the Federal Laws of the accepted (adopted) by them constitutions and the laws of the republics, charters, the laws and other regulatory legal acts of edges, areas, the federal cities, the autonomous region, autonomous areas and the activities performed by them.

In case of acceptance by public authorities of the subjects of the Russian Federation of the regulatory legal acts which are contradicting the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the Federal constitutional Laws and the Federal Laws and entailed mass and gross violations of rights and freedoms of man and citizen, threat to unity and territorial integrity of the Russian Federation, homeland security of the Russian Federation and its defense capability, to unity of legal and economic space of the Russian Federation, public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation bear responsibility according to the Constitution of the Russian Federation and this Federal Law.

Chapter II. Legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation

Article 4. Bases of the status of legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation

1. The legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation is permanent highest and single regulatory authority of the subject of the Russian Federation.

2. The name of legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation, its structure are established by the constitution (charter) of the subject of the Russian Federation taking into account historical, national and other traditions of the subject of the Russian Federation. At the same time the name of the specified body does not may contain the phrases constituting basis of names of federal bodies of the government. At the same time the name of the specified body does not may contain the phrases constituting basis of names of federal bodies of the government. 

3. The number of deputies of legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation is determined by the constitution (charter) of the subject of the Russian Federation (further - the determined number of deputies) and determined depending on the number of the voters registered in the territory of the subject of the Russian Federation. The determined number of deputies shall constitute:

a) at least 15 and no more than 50 deputies - numbering voters less than 500 thousand people;

b) at least 25 and no more than 70 deputies - numbering voters from 500 thousand to 1 million people;

c) at least 35 and no more than 90 deputies - numbering voters from 1 million to 2 million people;

d) at least 45 and no more than 110 deputies - numbering voters over 2 million people.

3.1. If in six months prior to the expiration in which elections to legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation of the next convocation shall be appointed as a result of increase in number of the voters registered in the territory of the subject of the Russian Federation, the determined number of deputies will appear less than their minimum number provided by the subitem "b", "v" or "g" of Item 3 of this Article for the corresponding number of voters, and such ratio is fixed as of January 1 and on July 1 during eighteen calendar months directly prior to the specified six months (further - the fact of increase in number of voters), the determined number of deputies is brought into accord with the increased number of voters.

If in six months prior to the expiration in which elections to legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation of the next convocation shall be appointed as a result of reduction of number of the voters registered in the territory of the subject of the Russian Federation, the determined number of deputies will appear more than their maximum number provided by the subitem "a", "b" or "v" of Item 3 of this Article for the corresponding number of voters, and such ratio is fixed as of January 1 and on July 1 during eighteen calendar months directly prior to the specified six months (further - the fact of reduction of number of voters), the determined number of deputies is brought into accord with the decreased number of voters.

The number of the voters registered in the territory of the subject of the Russian Federation is determined based on the this registration (accounting) of voters, participants of referendum performed according to the Federal Law of June 12, 2002 No. 67-FZ "About basic guarantees of the voting rights and the participation rights in referendum of citizens of the Russian Federation" (further - the Federal Law "About Basic Guarantees of the Voting Rights and the Participation Rights in Referendum of Citizens of the Russian Federation").

The bill of the subject of the Russian Federation on introduction of amendments to the constitution (charter) of the subject of the Russian Federation in connection with reduction of the determined number of deputies in compliance with number of the voters registered in the territory of the subject of the Russian Federation is introduced in legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation by the management official of the subject of the Russian Federation (the head of the supreme executive body of the government of the subject of the Russian Federation) not later than in forty five days after factual determination of increase in number of voters or the fact of reduction of number of voters.

The law of the subject of the Russian Federation on introduction of amendments to the constitution (charter) of the subject of the Russian Federation in connection with reduction of the determined number of deputies in compliance with number of the voters registered in the territory of the subject of the Russian Federation shall become effective not later than in eighty days after factual determination of increase in number of voters or the fact of reduction of number of voters.

4. At least 25 percent of deputies of legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation (in two-chamber legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation - at least 25 percent of deputies of one of chambers of the specified body) shall be elected on the single constituency in proportion to poll, given for candidate lists in the deputies pushed by the electoral associations according to the legislation on elections. This provision does not extend to elections of deputies of legislative (representative) public authorities of the federal cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg.

The deputies of legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation elected as a part of the candidate lists allowed to distribution of deputy mandates in legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation enter deputy associations (in fraction) (further - fractions), except for the case provided by paragraph one of Item 4.1 of this Article. The fraction includes all deputies (deputy), the elite (electee) as a part of the corresponding candidate list allowed to distribution of deputy mandates. Fractions can include also the deputies elected on single-candidate or multimandatory constituencies and the deputies elected as a part of candidate lists of the political parties specified in Item 4.1 of this Article.

The deputies elected on single-candidate or multimandatory constituencies and also the deputies elected as a part of candidate lists of the political parties specified in Item 4.1 of this Article having the right to form the deputy associations which are not fractions.

The procedure for activities of fractions and procedure for forming and activities of other deputy associations are established by the law of the subject of the Russian Federation and (or) regulations or other act of legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation.

The paragraph the fifth ceased to be valid according to the Federal Law of the Russian Federation of 27.02.2020 No. 27-FZ

4.1. In case of the termination of activities of political party in connection with its liquidation or reorganization activities of its fraction in legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation, and also membership of deputies in this fraction stops from the date of entering into the Unified State Register of Legal Entities of the corresponding record.

 Paragraph two of ceased to be valid according to the Federal Law of the Russian Federation of 27.02.2020 No. 27-FZ

5. The term of office of deputies of legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation (further if it is not stipulated especially, - deputies) one convocation is established by the constitution (charter) of the subject of the Russian Federation and cannot exceed five years.

6. The number of the deputies working at professional permanent basis is established by the law of the subject of the Russian Federation.

7. The legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation has rights of the legal entity, has official stamp.

8. The legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation independently resolves issues of organizational, legal, information, material and financial provision of the activities.

9. Expenses on ensuring activities of legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation are provided in the budget of the subject of the Russian Federation separately from other expenses according to budget classification of the Russian Federation.

Management and (or) the order of legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation or certain deputies (groups of deputies) are not allowed by budget funds of the subject of the Russian Federation in any form in the course of budget implementation of the subject of the Russian Federation, except for funds for ensuring activities of legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation and (or) deputies. At the same time legislative power (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation on control of budget implementation of the subject of the Russian Federation are not limited.

10. The legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation is competent if in structure of the specified body at least two thirds of the determined number of deputies are chosen.

11. Competence of meeting of legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation is determined by the law of the subject of the Russian Federation. At the same time the meeting of legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation cannot be considered competent if at it there are less than 50 percent from number of the elected deputies. The competent meeting (further - meeting) legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation is held at least once in three months.

11.1. The newly elected legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation gathers for the first meeting in the time established by the constitution (charter) of the subject of the Russian Federation which cannot exceed thirty days from the date of election of legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation in competent structure.

12. Meetings of legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation are open, except as specified, established by the Federal Laws, the constitution (charter) of the subject of the Russian Federation, the laws of the subject of the Russian Federation, and also regulations or other act adopted by this body and establishing procedure for its activities.

13. By the invitation of legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation the head of territorial authority of federal executive body speaks at meetings of legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation with information on activities of territorial authority of federal executive body in appropriate subject of the Russian Federation and answers questions of deputies of legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation taking into account requirements of the legislation of the Russian Federation about the state and protected by the law other secret according to the procedure, determined by regulations or other act adopted by legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation and establishing procedure for its activities. The invitation to meeting of legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation with indication of the interesting deputies of legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation of questions goes to the head of territorial authority of federal executive body not later than five days about day of holding meeting.

In case of impossibility of presence at meeting of legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation the head of territorial authority of federal executive body not later than one day about day of holding meeting notifies on it legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation with indication of absence reason and specifying of the official which can arrive to meeting and answer the questions posed. In this case the legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation approves performance at meeting of the specified official or approves with the head of territorial authority of federal executive body possibility of its performance at other meeting of legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation.

Article 5. The main of legislative power (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation

1. Legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation:

a) accepts the constitution of the subject of the Russian Federation and the amendment to it if other is not established by the constitution of the subject of the Russian Federation, accepts the charter of the subject of the Russian Federation and the amendment to it;

b) performs legislative regulation on areas of jurisdiction of the subject of the Russian Federation and objects of joint maintaining the Russian Federation and subjects of the Russian Federation within powers of the subject of the Russian Federation;

. 1) ceased to be valid

. 2) hears annual reports of the management official of the subject of the Russian Federation (the head of the supreme executive body of the government of the subject of the Russian Federation) on results of activities of the supreme executive body of the government of the subject of the Russian Federation, including on the questions raised by legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation;

. 3) hears information on activities of territorial authorities of federal executive bodies in appropriate subject of the Russian Federation;

c) performs other powers established by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, this Federal Law, other Federal Laws, the constitution (charter) and the laws of the subject of the Russian Federation.

2. Law of the subject of the Russian Federation:

a) the budget of the subject of the Russian Federation and the report on its execution provided by the management official of the subject of the Russian Federation (the head of the supreme executive body of the government of the subject of the Russian Federation) affirm;

b) It is excluded;

c) within the powers determined by the Federal Law the procedure for elections to local government bodies in the territory of the subject of the Russian Federation is established;

d) the procedure of strategic planning affirms as the subject of the Russian Federation according to the Federal Law of June 28, 2014 No. 172-FZ "About strategic planning in the Russian Federation";

e) taxes and fees which establishment is referred by the Federal Law to maintaining the subject of the Russian Federation, and also procedure for their collection are established;

e) budgets of territorial state non-budgetary funds of the subject of the Russian Federation and reports on their execution affirm;

g) the procedure for management and the order by property of the subject of the Russian Federation, including shares (shares, shares) of the subject of the Russian Federation in the capitals of economic societies, partnerships and the companies of other forms of business is established;

h) the conclusion and agreement cancelation of the subject of the Russian Federation affirm;

i) the procedure for appointment and holding referendum of the subject of the Russian Federation is established;

j) the procedure for elections to legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation, procedure for elections of the management official of the subject of the Russian Federation (the head of the supreme executive body of the government of the subject of the Russian Federation) or procedure for election of the management official of the subject of the Russian Federation (the head of the supreme executive body of the government of the subject of the Russian Federation) as deputies of legislative (representative) public authority of the subject of the Russian Federation and procedure for withdrawal of the management official of the subject of the Russian Federation (the head of the supreme executive body of the government of the subject of the Russian Federation) are established;

k) the administrative-territorial device of the subject of the Russian Federation and procedure for its change is established;

l) the system of executive bodies of the government of the subject of the Russian Federation is installed;

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