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FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of December 30, 2006 No. 281-FZ

About special economic measures and enforcement powers

(as amended of the Federal Law of the Russian Federation of 01.05.2019 No. 83-FZ)

Accepted by the State Duma on December 22, 2006.

Approved by the Federation Council on December 27, 2006.

Article 1. Legal basis of application of special economic measures and enforcement powers

1. The legal basis of application of special economic measures and enforcement powers is constituted by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the conventional principles and rules of international law, the international agreements of the Russian Federation, the resolution of the Security Council of the United Nations, this Federal Law, regulatory legal acts of the President of the Russian Federation, regulatory legal acts of the Government of the Russian Federation, and also regulatory legal acts of federal executive bodies adopted according to them.

2. Special economic measures are applied in cases of emergence of set of the circumstances requiring immediate reaction to international and illegal act or unfriendly action of foreign state or its bodies and officials, the posing threats to interests and safety of the Russian Federation and (or) the violating rights and freedoms of her citizens.

3. Enforcement powers are applied to accomplishment of resolutions of the Security Council of the United Nations.

Article 2. Purposes and principles of application of special economic measures and enforcement powers

1. The purposes of application of special economic measures are ensuring interests and safety of the Russian Federation and (or) elimination or minimization of threat of violations of the rights and freedoms of her citizens.

2. Special economic measures are applied on the basis of the following principles:

1) legality;

2) publicity of application of special economic measures;

3) justification and objectivity of application of special economic measures.

3. The purposes and the principles of application of enforcement powers are determined according to the purposes and the principles of organization activity of the United Nations provided by its Charter.

Article 3. Special economic measures and enforcement powers

1. Special economic measures are temporary and are applied irrespective of other measures directed to protection of interests of the Russian Federation, safety of the Russian Federation, and also to protection of the rights and freedoms of her citizens.

2. Assignment of obligation of making of the specified actions and other restrictions belong to special economic measures prohibition on making of actions concerning foreign state and (or) the foreign organizations and citizens, and also the persons without citizenship who are constantly living in the territory of foreign state, and (or). Such measures can be directed on:

1) suspension of realization of all or part of programs in the field of economic, technical assistance, and also programs in the field of military and technical cooperation;

2) prohibition of financial transactions or establishment of restrictions for their implementation;

3) prohibition of the external economic transactions or establishment of restrictions for their implementation;

4) the termination or suspension of action of the international trade agreements and other international treaties of the Russian Federation in the field of foreign economic relations;

5) change of export and (or) import customs duties;

6) prohibition or restriction of calling ports of the Russian Federation of courts and use of airspace of the Russian Federation or its certain areas;

7) establishment of restrictions for implementation of tourist activities;

8) prohibition or refusal of participation in the international scientific and scientific and technical programs and projects, scientific and scientific and technical programs and projects of foreign state.

3. Realization of special economic measures is obligatory for public authorities, local government bodies, and also for the organizations which are under jurisdiction of the Russian Federation and physical persons.

4. Responsibility of officials for improper execution of the obligations connected with realization of special economic measures is determined by the Federal Laws.

5. Special economic measures shall not have more restrictive character, than it is necessary for elimination of the circumstances which formed the basis of their application.

6. Enforcement powers are understood as collective measures which are directed to prevention and elimination of threat to peace and suppression of acts of aggression or other violations of the world and introduction, change, suspension or cancellation of which are provided by resolutions of the Security Council of the United Nations.

Article 4. Application of special economic measures

1. The decision on application of special economic measures concerning specific foreign state and (or) the foreign organizations and citizens, and also the persons without citizenship who are constantly living in the territory of foreign state and about the term during which these special economic measures will be applied is accepted by the President of the Russian Federation on the basis of offers of Security Council of the Russian Federation with obligatory immediate informing the Federation Council of Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation and State Duma of Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation on such decision.

2. Offers on application of special economic measures can be made to the President of the Russian Federation also by the Federation Council of Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation, the State Duma of Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation or the Government of the Russian Federation.

3. The government of the Russian Federation based on the decision of the President of the Russian Federation according to this Federal Law establishes the list of specific actions on which making ban of making is imposed and (or) concerning which the making obligation, and other restrictions is entered. If realization of special economic measures requires the solution of the Central bank of the Russian Federation, the prohibition of making and (or) obligation of making of actions and other restrictions are set by the Central bank of the Russian Federation in interaction with the Government of the Russian Federation.

4. Federal executive bodies, the Central bank of the Russian Federation and executive bodies of subjects of the Russian Federation within the competence in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation provide realization of special economic measures.

Article 4.1. Application of enforcement powers

1. Enforcement powers, their introduction, change, suspension or cancellation have binding character for public authorities, local government bodies, and also for the organizations which are under jurisdiction of the Russian Federation and physical persons.

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