Document from CIS Legislation database © 2003-2021 SojuzPravoInform LLC

FOREST CODE OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of December 4, 2006 No. 200-FZ

(as amended on 02-07-2021)

Accepted by the State Duma of the Russian Federation on November 8, 2006

Approved by Council of the Russian Federation on November 24, 2006

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. Basic principles of the forest legislation

The forest legislation and other regulatory legal acts governing the forest relations are based on the following principles:

1) steady management of the woods, preserving biological diversity of the woods, increase in their potential;

2) preserving sredoobrazuyushchy, water preserving, protective, sanitary and hygienic, improving and other useful functions of the woods for the benefit of providing the right of everyone to the favorable environment;

3) use of the woods taking into account their global ecological value, and also taking into account duration of their cultivation and other natural properties of the woods;

4) ensuring multi-purpose, rational, continuous, unexhausted use of the woods for requirements satisfaction of society in the woods and forest resources;

5) preserving the woods, including by means of their protection, protection, reproduction, afforestation;

6) improvement of quality of the woods, and also increase in their productivity;

7) participation of citizens, public associations in preparation of decisions which realization can make impact on the woods in case of their use, protection, protection, reproduction, in the procedures and forms established by the legislation of the Russian Federation;

8) use of the woods by the methods which are not doing harm to the environment and health of the person;

9) use of the woods on the purpose determined according to types of the woods and the useful functions which are carried out by them;

10) inadmissibility of use of the woods by public authorities, local government bodies;

11) paid nature of use of the woods.

Article 2. Forest legislation

1. The forest legislation consists of of this Code, other Federal Laws and the laws of subjects of the Russian Federation adopted according to them.

2. The forest relations can be governed also by presidential decrees of the Russian Federation which shall not contradict this Code, other Federal Laws.

3. The government of the Russian Federation publishes the regulatory legal acts governing the forest relations within the powers determined by this Code, other Federal Laws, and also presidential decrees of the Russian Federation.

4. Federal executive bodies publish the regulatory legal acts governing the forest relations in the cases provided by this Code, other Federal Laws, and also presidential decrees of the Russian Federation, orders of the Government of the Russian Federation.

5. On the basis and in pursuance of of this Code, other Federal Laws, the laws of subjects of the Russian Federation, presidential decrees of the Russian Federation, orders of the Government of the Russian Federation executive bodies of subjects of the Russian Federation within the powers can publish the regulatory legal acts governing the forest relations.

6. On the basis and in pursuance of of this Code, other Federal Laws, the laws of subjects of the Russian Federation, presidential decrees of the Russian Federation, orders of the Government of the Russian Federation local government bodies within the powers can publish the municipal legal acts governing the forest relations.

Article 3. The relations regulated by the forest legislation

1. The forest legislation governs the relations in the field of use, protection, protection and reproduction of the woods, afforestation (the forest relations).

2. The property relations connected with turnover of the timberland of the forest plantings received when using the woods and implementing actions for preserving the woods of wood and other forest resources are regulated by the civil legislation, and also the Land code of the Russian Federation if other is not established by this Code, other Federal Laws.

Article 4. Participants of the forest relations

1. Participants of the forest relations are the Russian Federation, subjects of the Russian Federation, municipalities, citizens and legal entities.

2. On behalf of the Russian Federation, subjects of the Russian Federation, municipalities public authorities of the Russian Federation, public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation, local government bodies within the powers established by regulatory legal acts participate in the forest relations respectively.

Article 5. Concept of the wood

Use, protection, protection, reproduction of the woods are performed proceeding from concept about the wood as about ecological system or as about natural resource.

Article 5.1. Information on the woods

1. Information on the woods is public information to which access for citizens and legal entities cannot be limited if other is not provided by the Federal Laws.

2. Information on the woods is posted on the official sites on the Internet of public authorities, the local government bodies performing according to Articles 81 - 84 of this Code of power in the field of use, protection, protection and reproduction of the woods.

3. The structure and contents of information on the woods are established by authorized federal executive body.

Article 6. The woods located on the lands which are not relating forest fund to lands

1. The woods are located on lands of agricultural purpose and other lands established according to the Land code of the Russian Federation.

2. Features of use, protection, protection, reproduction of the woods located on the lands which are not relating forest fund to lands are determined by Articles 120 - 123 of this Code.

Article 6.1. Earth of forest fund

1. Forest lands and not forest lands belong to lands of forest fund.

2. Lands on which the woods, and lands intended for reforestation are located belong to forest lands (cuttings down, ashes, retinas, waste grounds, glades and others).

3. The lands necessary for development of the woods (glade, the road and others), and the lands inconvenient for use belong to not forest lands (swamps, stony scatterings and others).

4. Borders of lands of forest fund are determined by borders of forest areas.

Article 7. Wood lot

The wood lot is the parcel of land which is located in borders of forest areas and is formed according to requirements of the land legislation and of this Code.

Article 8. Property right to the timberland

1. The timberland as a part of lands of forest fund is in federal property.

2. Patterns of ownership on the timberland as a part of lands of other categories are determined according to the land legislation.

Article 9. Permanent (termless) use of the wood lot, limited use of others wood lot (servitude, public servitude), lease of the wood lot and free use by the wood lot

1. The right of permanent (termless) use of the wood lot which is in the state-owned or municipal property, the right of free use by such wood lot and also the right of lease of such wood lot arises and stops on the bases and according to the procedure which are provided by the civil legislation, the Land code of the Russian Federation if other is not established by this Code, other Federal Laws.

2. Establishment and the termination of the servitude concerning the wood lot which is in the state-owned or municipal property are performed on the bases and according to the procedure which are provided by the civil legislation, the Land code of the Russian Federation if other is not established by this Code.

3. Establishment and the termination of the public servitude concerning the wood lot which is in the state-owned or municipal property are performed on the bases and according to the procedure which are provided by the Land code of the Russian Federation. The procedure and features of use of the woods in case of establishment of the public servitude concerning the wood lot which is in the state-owned or municipal property are determined according to this Code.

Article 10. Division of the woods located on lands of forest fund on their purpose

1. The woods located on lands of forest fund are divided into the following types:

1) protective woods;

2) operational woods;

3) reserve woods.

2. Features of use, protection, protection, reproduction of the protective woods, operational woods and reserve woods are established by Articles 110 - the 119th of this Code.

Article 11. Stay of citizens in the woods

1. Citizens have the right freely and free of charge to stay in the woods and for own needs to perform procurement and collection of wild-growing fruits, berries, nuts, mushrooms, other forest resources (food forest resources), suitable for consumption, and also not wood forest resources.

2. Citizens shall follow fire safety regulations in the woods, rules of sanitary safety in the woods, rules of reforestation and the rule of care of the woods.

3. Citizens are forbidden to perform procurement and collection of mushrooms and wild-growing plants which types are included in the Red List of the Russian Federation, Red Lists of subjects of the Russian Federation, and also mushrooms and wild-growing plants which are recognized drugs according to the Federal Law of January 8, 1998 to N3-FZ "About Drugs and Psychotropic Substances".

4. Stay of citizens can be forbidden or limited in the woods which are located on lands of defense and safety, lands of especially protected natural territories, other lands, access for citizens to which is prohibited or limited according to the Federal Laws.

5. Stay of citizens in the woods can be limited for the purpose of providing:

1) fire safety and sanitary safety in the woods;

2) safety of citizens in case of performance of works.

6. Prohibition or restriction of stay of citizens in the woods on the bases which are not provided by this Article is not allowed.

7. Stay of citizens in the woods for the purpose of hunting is regulated by the forest legislation and the legislation in the field of hunting and preserving hunting resources.

8. Persons to whom the timberland having no right to interfere with access for citizens to this timberland, and also implementation of procurement and collection of the food and not wood forest resources which are on them, except as specified, provided by this Article is provided. The timberland provided to citizens and legal entities can be fenced only in the cases provided by this Code.

Article 12. Development of the woods

1. Development of the woods is performed for the purpose of ensuring their multi-purpose, rational, continuous, unexhausted use, and also development of forest complex.

2. Development of the woods is performed with respect for their purpose and the useful functions which are carried out by them.

3. The operational woods are subject to development for the purpose of steady, most effective receipt of high-quality wood and other forest resources, products of their conversion with ensuring preserving useful functions of the woods.

4. The protective woods are subject to development for the purpose of preserving sredoobrazuyushchy, water preserving, protective, sanitary and hygienic, improving and other useful functions of the woods with simultaneous use of the woods under condition if this use is compatible to purpose of the protective woods and useful functions which are carried out by them.

5. In case of development of the woods on the basis of integrated approach are performed:

1) organization of use of the woods;

2) creation and operation of objects of forest and wood-processing infrastructure;

3) holding actions for protection, protection, reproduction of the woods;

4) holding actions for protection, use of objects of fauna, water objects.

Article 12.1. Forest complex

1. The forest complex represents set of the types of economic and other activity relating to forestry and wood industry.

2. Forestry - types of economic and other activity on use and preserving the woods, and also on forest management and management in the field of the forest relations.

3. The wood industry is set of the industries connected with procurement, export from the wood and wood storage, primary and subsequent processing of wood, production of conversion of wood on objects of wood-processing infrastructure.

Article 12.2. Wood and products from it

1. Wood - the forest resource received from the cut-down, cut, cut off trunks of trees which is used including for receipt of forest products and other products of conversion of wood.

2. Wood can be received when using the woods and implementing actions for their preserving, and also in other cases provided by this Code.

3. From wood by processing, primary and subsequent, physical methods or conversions by physical and chemical methods receive products from wood, including forest products (the switches processed and the raw assortments and other forest products classified by specific (pedigree) and assortment structures according to the All-Russian Product Classifier by types of economic activity, the single Commodity nomenclature of foreign economic activity of the Eurasian Economic Union) and also classified according to specified by the qualifier and the nomenclature other types of products (wood conversion products).

4. The switches (cleared of boughs the cut-down, cut, cut off trunks of trees not subject to separation into assortments by cross or longitudinal division), the raw assortments (the forest products received by cross division of the trunks which underwent to primary (rough) processing (removal of bark and sapwood, cutting of boughs, department of top and radical part of trunks of trees, cross division of trunks of trees into assortments) including logs, balances, sawlog), firewood and other fuel wood belong to the raw forest products.

5. The forest products which underwent to the subsequent (industrial) processing including the forest products received by longitudinal division of trunks into the assortments sawing up or splitting lengthways processed by planing or hulling, polishing and different ways, having or which do not have face connections, timber belong to the processed forest products.

6. For the purposes of application of part 2 of Article 80.1 of this Code timber, wood-shaving plates, plywood, the pressed wood, wood pulp, cellulose, paper, cardboard and other products from wood which list is established by the Government of the Russian Federation belong to products from wood with high share of value added.

Article 13. Forest infrastructure

1. For the purpose of use, protection, protection, reproduction of the woods creation of forest infrastructure, including forest roads is allowed.

2. Objects of forest infrastructure shall contain in the condition providing their operation to destination on condition of preserving useful functions of the woods.

3. Objects of forest infrastructure after need for them disappears, are subject to demolition, and lands on which they were located, - recultivations.

4. Forest roads can be created in case of any kinds of use of the woods, and also for the purpose of protection, protection and reproduction of the woods.

5. The list of objects of forest infrastructure affirms the Government of the Russian Federation for the protective woods, the operational woods, the reserve woods, and procedure for designing, creation, content and operation of such objects - authorized federal executive body.

Article 14. Wood-processing infrastructure

1. For the product receipt of conversion of wood and other forest resources received when using the woods wood-processing infrastructure is created.

2. Creation and operation of wood-processing infrastructure is forbidden in the protective woods, and also in other cases provided by this Code, other Federal Laws.

3. Wood-processing infrastructure belongs to objects of industrial infrastructure according to the legislation in the field of industrial policy.

Article 15. Division into districts of the woods

1. Depending on climatic conditions forest vegetation zones in which the woods with rather homogeneous forest vegetation signs (forest vegetation division into districts) are located are determined.

2. On the basis of forest vegetation division into districts establishment of forest areas with rather similar conditions of use, protection, protection, reproduction of the woods is performed.

3. Forest vegetation zones and forest areas according to evidence-based methodology are determined by authorized federal executive body.

4. Age of cabins of forest plantings (the age of forest plantings established for procurement of wood of certain commodity structure), rules of procurement of wood and other forest resources, fire safety regulations in the woods, rules of sanitary safety in the woods, rules of reforestation and the rule of care of the woods are established for each forest area by authorized federal executive body.

Article 16. Cabins of forest plantings

1. Cabins of forest plantings (trees, bushes, lianas in the woods) processes their rolls (including cutting, cutting, cutting), and also other technologically related processes are recognized (including skidding, partial conversion, storage of wood the wood).

2. If other is not established by this Code, for procurement of wood on cutting area (part of the square of the wood lot, lesotaksatsionny apportionment, forest quarter on which the forest plantings intended for the cabin are located) implementation of cabins is allowed:

1) ripe, overmatured forest plantings;

2) the middle-aged, coming, ripe, overmatured forest plantings in case of cutting down of the dead and the damaged forest plantings, care of the woods;

3) forest plantings of any age on the timberland intended for construction, reconstruction and operation of objects, provided by Articles 13, 14 and 21 of this Code.

3. The procedure of cabins of forest plantings is determined by rules of procurement of wood, rules of sanitary safety in the woods, fire safety regulations in the woods, rules of care of the woods.

Article 16.1. Felling works

1. Felling works consist of the preparatory, main and final work connected with wood procurement, and also with accomplishment of actions for protection, protection and reproduction of the woods providing cabins of forest plantings.

2. Felling works are performed according to the process chart of felling works constituted by the legal entities, individual entrepreneurs performing procurement of wood or actions for protection, protection and reproduction of the woods specified regarding 1 this Article.

3. After accomplishment of felling works inspection of the place of implementation of felling works (survey of cutting area) as a result of which the inspection report of cutting area is drawn up is performed.

4. Types of felling works, procedure and the sequence of their carrying out, the extreme (maximum) sizes of cutting areas, form of the process chart of felling works, form of the act and inspection routine of cutting area are established by authorized federal executive body.

Article 17. Selective cabins and continuous cabins of forest plantings

1. Cabins of forest plantings are performed in the form of selective cabins or continuous cabins.

2. Selective cabins are cabins in case of which on the respective lands or the parcels of land part of trees and bushes is cut down.

3. Continuous cabins cabins in case of which on the respective lands or the parcels of land forest plantings with preserving for reproduction of the woods of separate trees and bushes or groups of trees and bushes are cut down are recognized.

4. Voided according to the Federal Law of the Russian Federation of 27.12.2018 No. 538-FZ

5. Implementation of continuous cabins on the timberland provided for wood procurement is allowed only on condition of reproduction of the woods on the specified timberland.

6. Continuous cabins in the cases provided by this Code, other Federal Laws are prohibited.

Article 18. Tapping of forest plantings

1. Tapping of forest plantings is process of drawing on trunks of trees of coniferous breeds, separate deciduous breeds of cuts, and also process of collection of gallipot, wood juice.

2. Only tapping of the forest plantings located on the timberland provided for procurement of the forest resources specified regarding 1 this Article is allowed.

3. The procedure for carrying out tapping of forest plantings is determined by rules of procurement of gallipot, and also rules of procurement of food forest resources and rules of collection of herbs.

Article 19. Actions for preserving the woods

1. Actions for preserving the woods, including works on protection, protection, reproduction of the woods, afforestation, are performed by public authorities, local government bodies within their powers determined according to Articles 81 - 84 of this Code, and persons who use the woods and (or) to whom this Code assigns obligation on accomplishment of such works.

2. Actions for preserving the woods can be performed by the public (municipal) budget and autonomous institutions subordinated to federal executive bodies, executive bodies of subjects of the Russian Federation, local government bodies, within powers of the specified bodies determined according to Articles 81 - 84 of this Code, including the organizations performing forest protection.

3. When implementing actions for protection, protection, reproduction of the woods by the public (municipal) institutions specified in part 2 of this Article sale of forest plantings for procurement of wood according to this Code at the same time is performed.

4. In cases if implementation of actions for protection, protection, reproduction of the woods located on the lands which are in the state-owned or municipal property is not assigned in accordance with the established procedure to the public (municipal) institutions specified in part 2 of this Article or on persons using the woods, public authorities, local government bodies conduct procurement of works on protection, protection, reproduction of the woods in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation about contractual system in the field of purchases of goods, works, services for ensuring the state and municipal needs and this Code.

5. When implementing purchases of works on protection, protection, reproduction of the woods sale of forest plantings for wood procurement according to the procedure, established by the Government of the Russian Federation is at the same time performed. For this purpose the contract for performance of works on protection, protection, reproduction of the woods joins conditions about purchase and sale of forest plantings.

Article 20. The property right to wood and other forest resources received when using the woods

1. Citizens, legal entities who use the woods according to the procedure stipulated in Article the 25th of this Code, acquire the property right to wood and other forest resources received when using the woods according to the civil legislation.

2. The property right to wood which is received when using the woods located on lands of forest fund according to Articles 43 - the 46th of this Code belongs to the Russian Federation.

3. The procedure for realization of wood which is received when using the woods located on lands of forest fund according to Articles 43 - the 46th of this Code is established by the Government of the Russian Federation.

Article 21. Construction, reconstruction and operation of the objects which are not connected with creation of forest infrastructure

1. The construction, reconstruction and operation of the objects which are not connected with creation of forest infrastructure on lands of forest fund are allowed for:

1) implementation of geological studying of subsoil, exploration and production of minerals;

2) developments of mineral deposits;

3) uses of water storage basins and other artificial water objects, and also hydraulic engineering constructions, seaports, maritime terminals, river ports, moorings;

4) uses of power lines, communication lines, roads, pipelines and other linear objects, and also the constructions which are the integral technological part of the specified objects (further - linear objects);

5) conversions of wood and other forest resources;

6) implementation of recreational activities;

7) implementation of religious activities.

2. Ceased to be valid according to the Federal Law of the Russian Federation of 18.12.2018 No. 471-FZ

3. The objects connected with implementation of the part of 1 this Article of activities specified in Items 1 and 2 after terms of accomplishment of the corresponding works are subject to preservation or liquidation according to the legislation on subsoil.

4. Hydraulic engineering constructions are subject to preservation or liquidation according to the water legislation.

5. For the purpose of, provided by Items 1 - 4 parts of 1 this Article (including for the purpose of carrying out wrecking), are allowed selective cabins and continuous cabins of trees, bushes, lianas, including in the conservation zones and sanitary protection zones intended for safety of citizens and creation of necessary conditions for operation of the corresponding objects.

5.1. In the protective woods the selective cabins and continuous cabins of trees, bushes, lianas provided by part 5 of this Article are allowed in cases if construction, reconstruction, operation of the objects which are not connected with creation of forest infrastructure for the purposes provided by Items 1 - 4 parts of 1 this Article, are not prohibited or are not limited in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.

6. Lands which were used for construction reconstruction and (or) operation of the objects which are not connected with creation of forest infrastructure are subject to recultivation.

7. The list of the objects which are not connected with creation of forest infrastructure affirms the Government of the Russian Federation for the protective woods, the operational woods, the reserve woods.

Warning!!!

This is not a full text of document! Document shown in Demo mode!

If you have active License, please Login, or get License for Full Access.

With Full access you can get: full text of document, original text of document in Russian, attachments (if exist) and see History and Statistics of your work.

Get License for Full Access Now

Disclaimer! This text was translated by AI translator and is not a valid juridical document. No warranty. No claim. More info

Effectively work with search system

Database include more 50000 documents. You can find needed documents using search system. For effective work you can mix any on documents parameters: country, documents type, date range, teams or tags.
More about search system

Get help

If you cannot find the required document, or you do not know where to begin, go to Help section.

In this section, we’ve tried to describe in detail the features and capabilities of the system, as well as the most effective techniques for working with the database.

You also may open the section Frequently asked questions. This section provides answers to questions set by users.

Search engine created by SojuzPravoInform LLC. UI/UX design by Intelliants.