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LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS

of November 27, 2006 No. 183-Z

About civil defense

(as of December 31, 2009)

Accepted by the House of Representatives on October 26, 2006

Approved by Council of the Republic on November 13, 2006

This Law is directed to determination of the legal basis of civil defense in the Republic of Belarus, powers of state bodies, other organizations, the rights and obligations of citizens in this sphere, and also forces attracted to the solution of tasks of civil defense.

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. The main terms used in this Law and their determinations

In this Law the following main terms and their determinations are used:

civil defense - component of defense actions of the Republic of Belarus for preparation for protection and on protection of the population, material and historical and cultural values in the territory of the Republic of Belarus from the dangers arising (arisen) in case of maintaining military operations or owing to these actions (further - the dangers arising (arisen) when conducting military operations);

objects of civil defense - protective constructions, control centers, specialized storage facilities for storage of means of civil defense, sanitary обмывочные Items, stations of disinfecting of clothes and transport, and also other objects intended for accomplishment of actions of civil defense;

the organizations referred to the corresponding categories on civil defense, - operating, which are under construction, reconstructed and designed projects of the industry, transport, power and telecommunication, the scientific and research and other objects having important defense and (or) economic value;

means of civil defense - means of the notification, communication and management, radiation, chemical, biological and medical protection, life support of the population and other appliances, rescue and other equipment, the equipment and devices, the office animals intended or attracted to accomplishment of actions of civil defense;

the territory carried to the corresponding group on civil defense - the territory in which the settlement with the objects which are in it having important defense and (or) economic value or constituting potential danger for the population when conducting military operations is located.

Article 2. Legislation of the Republic of Belarus on civil defense

The legislation of the Republic of Belarus on civil defense is based on the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus and consists of this Law, other acts of the legislation of the Republic of Belarus, and also international treaties of the Republic of Belarus.

If the international treaty of the Republic of Belarus establishes other rules, than those which contain in this Law are applied rules of the international treaty.

Article 3. Organization and conducting civil defense

The organization and conducting civil defense are one of the most important functions of the state on ensuring its safety.

Civil defense will be organized by the administrative-territorial and industry principles.

Preparation of the state for conducting civil defense is performed beforehand in peace time taking into account enhancement of instruments of war and remedies of the population from the dangers arising when conducting military operations.

Conducting civil defense is performed according to plans of civil defense which become effective in the territory of the Republic of Belarus or in its certain areas fully or partially from the moment of declaration of war, actual start of military operations or introduction by the President of the Republic of Belarus of warlike situation.

Article 4. Main objectives of civil defense

The main objectives of civil defense are:

training of the population in methods of protection against the dangers arising when conducting military operations;

preparation and retraining of administrative board of governing bodies and civil defense forces, creation and enhancement of educational base of civil defense;

creation and maintenance in permanent readiness of governing bodies and civil defense forces, means and objects of civil defense;

creation, accumulating, storage of reserves of material resources for liquidation of emergency situations and their use in case of accomplishment of actions of civil defense;

ensuring steady functioning of economy and its separate objects, communications and life support systems of the population in wartime;

the notification of the population, state bodies and other organizations about the dangers arising (arisen) in case of maintaining military operations;

temporary settling out of the population, the shelter in protective constructions, provision of individual protection equipment;

evacuation of material and historical and cultural values to safe areas if there is real threat of their destruction, stealing or damage;

carrying out rescue and other urgent works;

first-priority providing the population, the victim of the dangers which arose when conducting military operations, water, food, delivery of health care and acceptance of other necessary measures;

detection and designation of the areas which underwent to radioactive, chemical, biological (bacteriological) and other infection;

sanitary processing of the population, disinfecting of the territories, the equipment, buildings and other objects which underwent to radioactive, chemical, biological (bacteriological) and other infection;

maintenance of public order in areas, victims of the dangers which arose when conducting military operations.

For the solution of the main objectives of civil defense governing bodies of civil defense within the competence determined by this Law and other acts of the legislation of the Republic of Belarus determine types, amounts and terms of holding actions of civil defense.

Chapter 2. Powers of the President of the Republic of Belarus, state bodies and other organizations, the rights and obligations of citizens in the field of civil defense

Article 5. Powers of the President of the Republic of Belarus

President of the Republic of Belarus:

determines single state policy in the field of civil defense;

approves the plan of civil defense of the Republic of Belarus;

enacts the plan of civil defense of the Republic of Belarus in the territory of the Republic of Belarus or in its certain areas;

publishes legal acts in the field of civil defense;

performs other powers according to the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus and other legal acts of the Republic of Belarus.

Article 6. Powers of Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus

Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus:

provides carrying out single state policy in the field of civil defense;

performs management of civil defense;

adopts regulatory legal acts in the field of civil defense;

determines the list of means of civil defense and procedure for equipment by them of governing bodies and civil defense forces;

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