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of November 8, 2006 No. 175-Z

About security activities

(as amended on 21-07-2023)

Accepted by the House of Representatives on October 11, 2006

Approved by Council of the Republic on October 20, 2006

This Law establishes the organizational and legal basis of security activities and governs the relations in the field of implementation of security activities.

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. The main terms and their determinations applied in this Law

In this Law the following main terms and their determinations are applied:

security activities - activities of state bodies and other organizations (further, unless otherwise specified, - the organizations) on protection of physical persons, protection of objects of legal entities and physical persons from illegal encroachments, including from illegal penetrations on them, and also designing, installation, adjustment and maintenance of means and systems of protection;

special body of protection - the structural division of the Ministry of Internal Affairs authorized by the President of the Republic of Belarus on implementation of functions in the field of security activities;

the protected objects - buildings, structures, constructions, sites of the area, vehicles, loads moved with transport, money, material values and other property of legal entities and physical persons;

protection of objects, physical persons - action for ensuring protection of the protected objects, physical persons from illegal encroachments;

means of protection - structurally complete, performing independent functions of the device, including the hardware-software, used for providing protection of the protected objects against illegal encroachments;

systems of protection - set jointly the operating means of protection established on the protected objects and the engineering networks and communications (systems of the alarming alarm system, transfer of notices, control and management of access, television systems of video surveillance and other systems) combined by system;

means of protection of individual use - means and systems of protection applied for personal reasons by physical persons (security alarm and anticreeping systems of vehicles and other means);

technical remedies - the means applied to ensuring necessary mechanical counteraction to illegal infringement of the protected objects (the protective cabins, doors, hatches, glasses, lattices, sun blind, blinds, locks locking devices, safes, storages of values, mechanical barriers and barriers and other means);

access control - the procedure provided with set of the actions and rules excluding possibility of uncontrolled entrance (exit) of persons, entrance (departure) of vehicles, bringing (carrying out), import (export) of property to the protected objects (from the protected objects), established for the purpose of protection of the protected objects against illegal encroachments;

the inside mode - the procedure provided with set of the actions and rules which are carried out by persons which are on the protected objects according to requirements of the internal labor schedule and fire safety.

Article 2. Legal regulation of the relations in the field of security activities

The relations in the field of security activities are governed by the legislation on security activities, international treaties of the Republic of Belarus, and also the international legal acts constituting the right of the Eurasian Economic Union.

The legislation on security activities is based on the Constitution of the Republic of Belarus and consists of this Law and other acts of the legislation.

If the international treaty of the Republic of Belarus establishes other rules, than those which are provided by this Law then are applied rules of the international treaty.

Article 3. Principles of security activities

Security activities are based on the principles:



protection of the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of citizens, rights and legitimate interests of the organizations;


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