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LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of June 25, 1993 No. 5242-1

About the right of citizens of the Russian Federation to freedom of travel, the choice of the place of stay and residence within the Russian Federation

(as amended on 01-04-2019)
Article 1. Movement right to liberty, the choice of the place of stay and residence within the Russian Federation.

According to the Constitution of the Russian Federation and the international acts of human rights each citizen of the Russian Federation has movement right to liberty, the choice of the place of stay and residence within the Russian Federation.

Restriction of the right of citizens of the Russian Federation for freedom of travel, the choice of the place of stay and residence within the Russian Federation is allowed only based on the law.

The persons who are not citizens of the Russian Federation and legally being in its territory have movement right to liberty, the choice of the place of stay and residence within the Russian Federation according to the Constitution and the laws of the Russian Federation and international treaties of the Russian Federation.

Article 2. Basic concepts

For the purpose of this Law the following basic concepts are used:

registration accounting of citizens of the Russian Federation in the place of stay and at the place of residence within the Russian Federation - the state activities for fixing and generalization of the data on registration of citizens of the Russian Federation provided by this Law for the place of stay, registration of citizens of the Russian Federation for the residence, removal of citizens of the Russian Federation from registration accounting in the place of stay and removal of citizens of the Russian Federation from registration accounting at the place of residence within the Russian Federation. Registration accounting of citizens of the Russian Federation has notifying nature and reflects the facts of arrival of the citizen of the Russian Federation in the place of stay or the residence, its stays in the specified place and departure of the citizen of the Russian Federation from the place of stay or the residence;

registration of the citizen of the Russian Federation in the place of stay - statement of the citizen of the Russian Federation on registration accounting in the place of stay, that is fixing in accordance with the established procedure body of registration accounting of data on the place of stay of the citizen of the Russian Federation and about its stay in this place of stay;

registration of the citizen of the Russian Federation at the place of residence - statement of the citizen of the Russian Federation on registration accounting at the place of residence, that is fixing in accordance with the established procedure body of registration accounting of place of residence of the citizen of the Russian Federation and about its stay in this residence;

removal of the citizen of the Russian Federation from registration accounting in the place of stay - fixing in accordance with the established procedure body of registration accounting of data on departure of the citizen of the Russian Federation from the place of stay;

removal of the citizen of the Russian Federation from registration accounting at the place of residence - fixing in accordance with the established procedure body of registration accounting of data on departure of the citizen of the Russian Federation from the residence;

the place of stay - hotel, sanatorium, rest house, boarding house, camping, tourist center, the medical organization or other similar organization, the organization of criminal executive system performing custodial sanction or forced labor, or not being the residence of the citizen of the Russian Federation premises in which he lives temporarily;

the residence - the apartment house, the apartment, the room, premises of specialized housing stock or other premises in which the citizen constantly or mainly lives in quality of the owner, according to the employment contract (subhiring), the employment contract of specialized premises or on other bases, stipulated by the legislation the Russian Federation, and in which it is registered at the place of residence. As the residence of the citizen belonging to indigenous ethnic group of the Russian Federation, leading nomadic and (or) semi-nomadic life and not taking place where he constantly or mainly lives according to this Law one of the settlements which are in the municipal district in which borders there pass routes of kocheviya of this citizen can be recognized;

dummy registration of the citizen of the Russian Federation in the place of stay or at the place of residence - registration of the citizen of the Russian Federation in the place of stay or at the place of residence based on submission of obviously false information or documents for such registration, or its registration in premises without intention to stay (to live) in this room, or registration of the citizen of the Russian Federation in the place of stay or at the place of residence without intention of the employer (owner) of premises to provide these premises for stay (accommodation) of the specified person.

Article 3. Registration accounting of citizens of the Russian Federation in the place of stay and at the place of residence within the Russian Federation

For the purpose of providing necessary conditions for realization by the citizen of the Russian Federation of its rights and freedoms, and also execution of obligations by it before other citizens, the state and society enters registration accounting of citizens of the Russian Federation in the place of stay and at the place of residence within the Russian Federation.

Citizens of the Russian Federation shall be registered in the place of stay and at the place of residence within the Russian Federation. Registration or absence that cannot form the basis of restriction or sales term of the rights and freedoms of the citizens provided by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the Federal Laws, constitutions (charters) and the laws of subjects of the Russian Federation.

In case of registration in the place of stay and at the place of residence within the Russian Federation citizens of the Russian Federation submit applications in the form established by the federal executive body performing functions on development and realization of state policy and normative legal regulation in the sphere of internal affairs, in the sphere of control of drug trafficking, psychotropic substances and their precursors in the sphere of migration and also law-enforcement functions on federal state control (supervision) in the specified spheres (further - federal executive body in the sphere of internal affairs), and other documents provided by this Law and rules of registration and removal of citizens of the Russian Federation from registration accounting in the place of stay and at the place of residence within the Russian Federation.

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