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FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of October 20, 2022 No. 402-FZ

About non-material ethnocultural property of the Russian Federation

Accepted by the State Duma on October 4, 2022

Approved by the Federation Council on October 19, 2022

Article 1. Purpose of this Federal Law

The purpose of this Federal Law is creation of legal and organizational basis for ensuring cultural identity of all people and ethnic communities of the Russian Federation and preserving ethnocultural and language diversity. This Federal Law is directed to realization of constitutional right of everyone on participation in cultural life and use of cultural institutions, on access to cultural values and the constitutional obligation of everyone to care for preserving historical and cultural heritage.

Article 2. Subject of regulation of this Federal Law

This Federal Law governs the relations in the field of identification, studying, use, updating, preserving and promoting of objects of non-material ethnocultural property of the Russian Federation.

Article 3. Legal regulation of the relations in the field of non-material ethnocultural property of the Russian Federation

Legal regulation of the relations in the field of non-material ethnocultural property of the Russian Federation is based on provisions of the Constitution of the Russian Federation and is performed by this Federal Law, other Federal Laws, regulatory legal acts of the President of the Russian Federation, regulatory legal acts of the Government of the Russian Federation, the laws and other regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation.

Article 4. The basic concepts used in this Federal Law

For the purposes of this Federal Law the following basic concepts are used:

1) non-material ethnocultural property of the Russian Federation (further - non-material ethnocultural property) - non-material cultural heritage of the people of the Russian Federation as set of the spiritual and moral and cultural values inherent in ethnic communities of the Russian Federation transferred from generation to generation, creating at them feeling of awareness of identity and covering conduct of life, traditions and forms of their expression, and also reconstruction and current trends of development of this conduct of life, traditions and forms of their expression;

2) ethnic community of the Russian Federation (further - ethnic community) - the steady set of people which historically developed in certain territory having general culture with figurative and valuable systems, language community, ethnic consciousness inherent in it freely determining the national identity;

3) carriers of non-material ethnocultural property - the ethnic communities and their certain representatives having the unique knowledge expressed in objective form, the technologies and skills reflecting the cultural features of their ethnic community playing important role in preserving, updating and promoting of objects of non-material ethnocultural property;

4) keepers of non-material ethnocultural property - the physical persons and legal entities concerning identification, studying, use, updating, preserving and promoting of objects of non-material ethnocultural property (houses (centers) of folk art and organization of cultural and leisure type, professional and amateur on-stage performance groups, cultural associations) and also libraries, the museums, archives, scientific, educational and other organizations;

5) state policy in the field of non-material ethnocultural property - set of the legal, economic, social, organizational and other measures and the principles directed to creation of conditions for support of identification, studying, use, updating, preserving and promoting of objects of non-material ethnocultural property.

Article 5. Objects of non-material ethnocultural property

Treat objects of non-material ethnocultural property:

1) oral creativity, oral traditions and forms of their expression in Russian, languages and dialects of the people of the Russian Federation;

2) forms of traditional performing art (verbal, vocal, tool, choreographic);

3) the traditions expressed in ceremonies, festivals, customs, merrymakings and other forms of national culture;

4) knowledge expressed in objective form, technology, skills and forms of their representation connected with tenors of life and traditional crafts, which are implemented in historically developed plots and images and the stylistics of their embodiment existing in certain territory;

5) other objects of non-material ethnocultural property.

Article 6. Categories of objects of non-material ethnocultural property

Objects of non-material ethnocultural property are subdivided into the following categories:

1) the objects of non-material ethnocultural property of federal importance which are of special historical, cultural and scientific value for history and culture of the Russian Federation;

2) the objects of non-material ethnocultural property of regional value which are of historical, cultural and scientific value for history and culture of subjects of the Russian Federation;

3) the objects of non-material ethnocultural property of local (municipal) value which are of historical, cultural and scientific value for history and culture of municipalities.

Article 7. Powers of federal bodies of the government in the field of non-material ethnocultural property

In the field of non-material ethnocultural property treat powers of federal bodies of the government:

1) forming and implementation of state policy in the field of non-material ethnocultural property;

2) implementation of normative legal regulation in the field of identification, studying, uses, updatings, preserving and promoting of objects of non-material ethnocultural property;

3) forming and maintaining the federal state register of objects of non-material ethnocultural property of the Russian Federation (further - the federal register);

4) creation of conditions for the organization of work on identification of objects of non-material ethnocultural property of federal importance;

5) implementation of international cooperation in the field of non-material ethnocultural property;

6) other powers provided by this Federal Law and other Federal Laws.

Article 8. Powers of public authorities of the subject of the Russian Federation in the field of non-material ethnocultural property

In the field of non-material ethnocultural property treat powers of public authorities of the subject of the Russian Federation:

1) participation in implementation of single state policy in the field of culture regarding non-material ethnocultural property;

2) the organization and support of cultural institutions and art (except for federal state institutions of culture and art which list affirms the federal executive body authorized by the Government of the Russian Federation) regarding identification, studying, use, updating, preserving and promoting of objects of non-material ethnocultural property;

3) implementation of support of regional and local national and cultural autonomies;

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