Document from CIS Legislation database © 2003-2020 SojuzPravoInform LLC

FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of August 15, 1996 No. 114-FZ

About procedure for departure from the Russian Federation and entry into the Russian Federation

(as amended on 07-04-2020)

Accepted by the State Duma of the Russian Federation on July 18, 1996

Everyone can freely leave the Russian Federation. The citizen of the Russian Federation has the right to return freely to the Russian Federation.

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. Departure from the Russian Federation and entry into the Russian Federation (including transit through its territory) are regulated by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, international treaties of the Russian Federation, this Federal Law, other Federal Laws, and also presidential decrees of the Russian Federation, orders of the Government of the Russian Federation accepted based on these Federal Laws.

If the international treaty of the Russian Federation establishes other rules, than those which are provided by this Federal Law are effective rules of the international treaty.

Article 2. The citizen of the Russian Federation cannot be limited in the right to departure from the Russian Federation differently as on the bases and according to the procedure, the provided this Federal Law.

The citizen of the Russian Federation cannot be deprived of the right to entry into the Russian Federation.

Departure of the citizen of the Russian Federation from the Russian Federation does not attract for it, his spouse or close relatives of any restrictions of the rights guaranteed by the legislation of the Russian Federation and the international obligations of the Russian Federation.

Article 3. The procedure for crossing of Frontier of the Russian Federation when implementing departure from the Russian Federation and entry into the Russian Federation is regulated by the Law of the Russian Federation "About Frontier of the Russian Federation" and this Federal Law.

Article 4. The citizens of the Russian Federation staying outside the Russian Federation are under protection and protection of the Russian Federation.

Diplomatic representations and consular establishments of the Russian Federation shall provide measures for protection of citizens of the Russian Federation and render them protection according to the procedure, determined by the legislation of the Russian Federation and international treaties of the Russian Federation.

Article 5. If in the territory of foreign state there is emergency situation, the Russian Federation guarantees acceptance of the diplomatic, economic and provided by international law other measures for safety of the citizens of the Russian Federation staying in the territory of this foreign state.

If in the territory of any foreign state there are circumstances which are seriously complicating taking measures to protection of citizens of the Russian Federation and rendering protection to them from the Russian Federation, the Government of the Russian Federation takes measures for bringing to data of citizens of the Russian Federation of recommendations of undesirability of entry into this state. Such recommendations are not the basis for temporary restriction of the right to departure from the Russian Federation.

Article 6. Citizens of the Russian Federation perform departure from the Russian Federation and entry into the Russian Federation under the valid identity documents of the citizen of the Russian Federation outside the territory of the Russian Federation. The procedure for registration, issue and withdrawal of these documents is determined by this Federal Law.

Foreign citizens or stateless persons shall show in case of entry into the Russian Federation and departure from the Russian Federation the valid documents proving their identity and recognized by the Russian Federation in this quality and the visa if other is not provided by international treaties of the Russian Federation, this Federal Law or presidential decrees of the Russian Federation

Stateless persons perform entry into the Russian Federation and departure from the Russian Federation according to the rules established by this Federal Law for foreign citizens if other is not provided by international treaties of the Russian Federation, this Federal Law, other Federal Laws or presidential decrees of the Russian Federation.

Control of availability of visas or other entry visas of persons in foreign state is obligation of transportation company (carrier of passengers) if other is not provided by the international treaty of the Russian Federation.

For the purpose of this Federal Law is not considered as departure from the Russian Federation and as entry into the Russian Federation:

crossing of Frontier of the Russian Federation by the citizen of the Russian Federation, the foreign citizen or the stateless person during effective period of the visa which is available for it when following from one part of the territory of the Russian Federation on other part of its territory through the territory of foreign state in the mode of transit or through exclusive economic zone of the Russian Federation and exclusive economic zones of foreign states, through the high sea, and in the cases established by the Government of the Russian Federation through the territorial seas of foreign states without calling foreign ports, and is equal when following on the Russian aircrafts which in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation can repeatedly cross Frontier of the Russian Federation without passing boundary, customs (regarding making of the customs transactions connected with arrival (departure) of courts) and other types of control;

crossing of Frontier of the Russian Federation by the citizen of the Russian Federation, the foreign citizen or the stateless person which are members of crews and included in the muster roll of courts on the Russian and foreign vessels which in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation can repeatedly cross Frontier of the Russian Federation without passing boundary, customs and other types of control.

Chapter II. Procedure for registration and issue of documents for departure from the Russian Federation and entry into the Russian Federation citizens of the Russian Federation

Article 7. The main identity documents of the citizen of the Russian Federation under which citizens of the Russian Federation perform departure from the Russian Federation and entry into the Russian Federation are recognized:

passport;

diplomatic passport;

service passport;

the paragraph the fifth Article 7 ceased to be valid with the Federal Law of the Russian Federation of 30.12.2008 No. 322-FZ.

The main identity documents of the citizen of the Russian Federation under which citizens of the Russian Federation perform departure from the Russian Federation and entry into the Russian Federation may contain electronic media of information with the personal data of the owner of the passport which are written down on them, including biometric personal data.

The list of the personal data recorded with the electronic media of information containing in the main identity documents of the citizen of the Russian Federation under which citizens of the Russian Federation perform departure from the Russian Federation and entry into the Russian Federation is determined by the Government of the Russian Federation.

Article 8. The passport is drawn up to the citizen of the Russian Federation according to its written application about issue of the passport submitted personally through his legal representative or in electronic form with use of the single portal of the state and municipal services, federal executive body in the sphere of internal affairs or its territorial authority and issued to the citizen of the Russian Federation or his legal representative by the specified bodies in case of the personal address. The application form about issue of the passport, procedure for filing of application and the photo in the form of electronic documents with use of the single portal of the state and municipal services or through the multipurpose center of provision of the state and municipal services, and also procedure for issue of the passport is established by federal executive body in the sphere of internal affairs. In the cases provided by this Federal Law, the passport is drawn up and issued to the citizen of the Russian Federation according to its written application submitted personally or through his legal representative, the federal executive body knowing questions of foreign affairs in the territory of the Russian Federation and also diplomatic representation or consular establishment of the Russian Federation. According to the application for issue of the passport submitted through the multipurpose center of provision of the state and municipal services, the passport is drawn up by federal executive body in the sphere of internal affairs or its territorial authority and issued to the applicant in this multipurpose center.

The citizen of the Russian Federation taking into account provisions of part three of this Article has the right to choose the passport with the effective period provided by part one of article 10 of this Federal Law or the passport, the containing electronic medium of information, with the effective period provided by part two of article 10 of this Federal Law that is reflected this citizen in the corresponding written application about issue of the passport.

The citizen of the Russian Federation when giving according to regulations of this Federal Law of the written application on issue of the passport in the federal executive body knowing questions of foreign affairs or its territorial authority to which competence acceptance of written applications about issue of the passport is referred or in the diplomatic representation or consular establishment of the Russian Federation equipped with special program technical means for registration and issue of the passport containing the electronic medium of information has the right to choose the passport with the effective period provided by part one of article 10 of this Federal Law or the passport, the containing electronic medium of information, with the effective period provided by part two of article 10 of this Federal Law that is reflected this citizen in the corresponding written application about issue of the passport.

Warning!!!

This is not a full text of document! Document shown in Demo mode!

If you have active License, please Login, or get License for Full Access.

With Full access you can get: full text of document, original text of document in Russian, attachments (if exist) and see History and Statistics of your work.

Get License for Full Access Now

Disclaimer! This text was translated by AI translator and is not a valid juridical document. No warranty. No claim. More info

Effectively work with search system

Database include more 40000 documents. You can find needed documents using search system. For effective work you can mix any on documents parameters: country, documents type, date range, teams or tags.
More about search system

Get help

If you cannot find the required document, or you do not know where to begin, go to Help section.

In this section, we’ve tried to describe in detail the features and capabilities of the system, as well as the most effective techniques for working with the database.

You also may open the section Frequently asked questions. This section provides answers to questions set by users.

Search engine created by SojuzPravoInform LLC. UI/UX design by Intelliants.