of July 4, 1991 No. 1541-1
About privatization of housing stock in the Russian Federation
This Law establishes the basic principles of implementation of privatization of the state and municipal housing stock of social use in the territory of the Russian Federation, determines legal, social and economic basis of transformation of the relations of property on the dwelling.
The purpose of the Law is creation of conditions for implementation of the right of citizens at free choice of method of requirements satisfaction in the dwelling, and also improvements of use and safety of housing stock.
The introduction in the property rights to the dwelling gives to citizens the chance to effectively make the investments, to perform accumulating of immovable property, to act with it in the real estate market, to masterfully use, use and dispose of the dwelling.
Article 1. Privatization of premises - free transfer into the ownership of citizens of the Russian Federation on voluntary basis of the premises occupied by them in the state and municipal housing stock, and for the citizens of the Russian Federation who reserved the occupied premises - in the place of booking of premises.
Article 2. The citizens of the Russian Federation having right to use by premises of the state or municipal housing stock on the terms of the social hiring having the right to acquire them on the conditions provided by this Law, other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation and regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation in common property or in property of one person, including minor with the consent of all these premises of full age faces and minors having the right to privatization aged from 14 up to 18 years.
Premises in which live exclusively minor aged up to 14 years are transferred by it to the possession according to the statement of parents (adoptive parents), guardians with preliminary permission of guardianship and custody bodies or at the initiative of the specified bodies. Premises in which live exclusively minor aged from 14 up to 18 years are transferred by it to the possession according to their statement with the consent of parents (adoptive parents), custodians and guardianship and custody bodies.
In case of the death of parents, and also in other cases of loss of care of parents if in premises remained to live exclusively minor, guardianship and custody bodies, heads of organizations for orphan children and children without parental support, guardians (custodians), adoptive parents or other legal representatives of minors within three months register the agreement of transfer of premises under the ownership to orphan children and children without parental support. Agreements of transfer of premises to property to the minors which did not reach age of 14 years are drawn up according to statements of their legal representatives with preliminary permission of guardianship and custody bodies or if necessary at the initiative of such bodies. The specified agreements are drawn up by the minors which reached age of 14 years independently with the consent of their legal representatives and guardianship and custody bodies.
Execution of the agreement of transfer into the ownership of premises in which exclusively minor live is carried out at the expense of means of owners of the premises performing their transfer.
Article 3.1. In case of the death of one of participants of joint property on the premises privatized till May 31, 2001 shares of participants of common property on these premises, including share of the dead are determined. At the same time the specified shares in the right of common property to these premises are recognized equal.
Rules of this Article are applied so far as for separate types of joint property the Federal Laws do not establish other.
Article 4. Privatizations the premises which are in critical condition, in hostels, in houses of the closed military camps, and also office premises, except for housing stock of the sovkhozes and other agricultural enterprises equated to them and the housing stock of stationary organizations of social protection of the population which is in the rural zone are not subject.
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