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FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of June 17, 1996 No. 74-FZ

About national and cultural autonomy

(as amended on 08-12-2020)

Accepted by the State Duma on May 22, 1996

Approved by the Federation Council on June 5, 1996

This Federal Law determines the legal basis of national and cultural autonomy in the Russian Federation, creates legal conditions of interaction of the state and society for protection of national interests of citizens of the Russian Federation in selection process by them of ways and forms of the national and cultural development.

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. Concept of national and cultural autonomy

National and cultural autonomy in the Russian Federation (further national and cultural autonomy) is the form of national and cultural self-determination representing consolidation of the citizens of the Russian Federation carrying themselves to the certain ethnic community which is in situation of ethnic minority in the corresponding territory on the basis of their voluntary self-organization for the purpose of the independent solution of questions of preserving originality, development of language, education, national culture, strengthening of unity of the Russian nation, harmonization of the interethnic relations, assistance to interreligious dialogue, and also implementation of the activities directed to social and cultural adaptation and integration of migrants.

National and cultural autonomy is type of public association. Form of business of national and cultural autonomy is the public organization.

Article 2. Principles of national and cultural autonomy

National and cultural autonomy is based on the principles:

free declaration of will of citizens in case of reference of to certain ethnic community;

self-organization and self-government;

varieties of forms of the internal organization of national and cultural autonomy;

combinations of public initiative to the state support;

respect of language, culture, traditions and customs of citizens of various ethnic communities;

legality.

Article 3. Legal regulation of national and cultural autonomy

Legal regulation of national and cultural autonomy is performed according to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, this Federal Law, the Federal Law of May 19, 1995 N82-FZ "About Public Associations", other Federal Laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, the laws and other regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation, and also with the conventional principles and rules of international law and international treaties of the Russian Federation.

If the international treaty of the Russian Federation establishes other rules than provided by this Federal Law, then rules of the international treaty are applied.

The decisions of interstate bodies made based on provisions of international treaties of the Russian Federation in their interpretation contradicting the Constitution of the Russian Federation are not subject to execution in the Russian Federation. Such contradiction can be established according to the procedure, determined by the Federal constitutional Law.

Article 4. Rights of national and cultural autonomy

National and cultural autonomy has the right:

get support from public authorities and local government bodies, necessary for preserving national originality, development of national (native) language and national culture, strengthening of unity of the Russian nation, harmonization of the interethnic relations, assistance to interreligious dialogue, and also implementation of the activities directed to social and cultural adaptation and integration of migrants;

address to bodies of the legislative (representative) and executive authority, local government bodies, representing the national and cultural interests;

create mass media according to the procedure, established by the legislation of the Russian Federation, receive and distribute information in national (native) language;

keep and enrich historical and cultural heritage, have open entry to national cultural values;

follow national traditions and customs, to revive and develop art national crafts and crafts;

create the private educational organizations and the scientific organizations, cultural institutions and to provide their functioning in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation;

participate through the plenipotentiaries in activities of the international non-governmental organizations;

establish based on the legislation of the Russian Federation and support humanitarian contacts with citizens, public organizations of foreign states without any discrimination.

By the Federal Laws, constitutions (charters), the laws of subjects of the Russian Federation of national and cultural autonomy also other rights in education and cultures can be granted.

Participation or nonparticipation in activities of national and cultural autonomy cannot form the basis for restriction of the rights of citizens of the Russian Federation, as well as the national identity cannot form the basis for restriction of their participation or nonparticipation in activities of national and cultural autonomy.

The right to national and cultural autonomy is not the right to national and territorial self-determination.

Implementation of the right to national and cultural autonomy shall not cause damage to interests of other ethnic communities.

Chapter II. System of national and cultural autonomy. Procedure for organization and registration of national and cultural autonomy

Article 5. Organizational bases of national and cultural autonomy

Organizational bases of national and cultural autonomy are determined by specifics of resettlement of the citizens of the Russian Federation carrying themselves to certain ethnic communities and charters of national and cultural autonomies.

National and cultural autonomy can be local, regional, federal.

Local national and cultural autonomies of the citizens of the Russian Federation carrying themselves to certain ethnic community can form regional national and cultural autonomy of the citizens of the Russian Federation carrying themselves to certain ethnic community.

Regional national and cultural autonomies of two and more subjects of the Russian Federation can create bodies of interregional coordination of the activities. Such bodies are not interregional national and cultural autonomies.

Federal national and cultural autonomy of the citizens of the Russian Federation carrying themselves to certain ethnic community is established by at least than a half of the registered regional national and cultural autonomies of the citizens of the Russian Federation carrying themselves to certain ethnic community.

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