of November 30, 1995 No. 187-FZ
About the continental shelf of the Russian Federation
Accepted by the State Duma on October 25, 1995
This Federal Law determines the status of the continental shelf of the Russian Federation, the sovereign rights and jurisdiction of the Russian Federation on its continental shelf and their implementation according to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the conventional principles and rules of international law and international treaties of the Russian Federation. The questions relating to the continental shelf of the Russian Federation and activities on it, which are not provided by this Federal Law are regulated by other Federal Laws applicable to the continental shelf of the Russian Federation.
The continental shelf of the Russian Federation (further - the continental shelf) includes the seabed and subsoil of underwater areas which are outside the territorial sea of the Russian Federation (further - the territorial sea) throughout natural continuation of its overland territory to external border of the underwater suburb of the continent.
The underwater suburb of the continent is continuation of the continental array of the Russian Federation including surface and subsoil of the continental shelf, slope and rise.
Determination of the continental shelf is applied also to all islands of the Russian Federation.
Internal border of the continental shelf is the external border of the territorial sea.
Taking into account provisions of article 2 of this Federal Law the external border of the continental shelf is at distance of 200 nautical miles from initial lines from which width of the territorial sea is measured provided that the external border of the underwater suburb of the continent does not stretch for distance of more than 200 nautical miles.
If the underwater suburb of the continent stretches for distance more than 200 nautical miles from the specified initial lines, the external border of the continental shelf matches with external border of the underwater suburb of the continent determined according to rules of international law.
Delimitation of the continental shelf between the Russian Federation and the states which coasts противолежат to the coast of the Russian Federation or are adjacent to the coast of the Russian Federation is performed on the basis of international treaties of the Russian Federation or rules of international law.
Lines of external borders of the continental shelf or replacing them approved by the Government of the Russian Federation lists of geographical coordinates of points with indication of basic geodetic data and the delimitation lines defined by international treaties of the Russian Federation or on the basis of rules of international law are specified on cards of the established scale or are published in "Notices to seafarers".
Forming of databank about external border of the continental shelf is performed by the federal body authorized on that by the Government of the Russian Federation.
For the purpose of this Federal Law the following basic concepts are applied:
natural resources of the continental shelf - mineral and other lifeless resources of seabed and its subsoil (further - mineral resources), and also the live organisms relating to "sedentary types" that is organisms which when their production (catch) is possible, are in motionless condition on seabed or under it or are not capable to move differently as being in permanent physical contact with seabed or its subsoil (further - water bioresources);
sea scientific research on the continental shelf (further - sea scientific research) - the basic or applied researches and experimental works which are carried out for these researches directed to knowledge acquisition on all aspects of the natural processes happening on seabed and in its subsoil;
sea resource researches on the continental shelf (further - sea resource researches) - the applied research works directed to investigation of the continental shelf and development of its mineral resources, water bioresources and performed according to the Federal Law of December 17, 1998 N 191-FZ "About exclusive economic zone of the Russian Federation" (further the Federal Law "About Exclusive Economic Zone of the Russian Federation");
hazardous substance - substance which in case of hit in the sea is capable to create health hazard of people, to cause environmental damage, including to the marine environment and natural resources of the continental shelf, to worsen conditions of rest or to prevent other types of lawful use of the sea, and also substance which is subject to control based on international treaties of the Russian Federation;
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