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LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

of July 28, 2022 No. 241

About fund of decrease in energy vulnerability

The parliament adopts this organic law.

Chapter I General provisions

Article 1. Law purpose

This law establishes the legal basis of the organization and activities of Fund of decrease in energy vulnerability financed from its means of measure and programs directed to prevention and fight against energy vulnerability of the population and increase in availability of energy among vulnerable consumers and also on assistance to increase in energy efficiency.

Article 2. Subject of the law and scope of application

(1) the Fund of decrease in energy vulnerability is created for financing of measures and programs for decrease in energy vulnerability, including compensations on payment of invoices for energy for socially vulnerable energy consumers, subsidies for increase in efficiency of use of energy resources, other measures of the public assistance.

(2) the Main objectives of this law are:

a) increase in level of availability of energy resources;

b) prevention and fight against energy poverty and social isolation;

c) ensuring supply of natural gas, heat energy and electric power to socially vulnerable energy consumers;

d) increase in efficiency of consumption of energy resources for domestic needs;

e) provision of compensations for some categories of the residential customers recognized as socially vulnerable energy consumers, according to the procedure and on the conditions established by the Government.

(3) Provisions of this law are applied to measures of social protection of socially vulnerable energy consumers and sales activity of the program of provision of subsidies for increase in efficiency of consumption of energy resources.

Article 3. Basic concepts

For the purpose of this Law the following basic concepts are used:

compensation on payment of invoices for energy - the sum of money provided from fund of decrease in energy vulnerability for payment of invoices for consumption of natural gas, heat energy and/or the electric power, intended for socially vulnerable energy consumers for the purpose of covering of part of expenses on energy consumption;

the residential customer of energy - family or the lonely person consuming energy resources for domestic needs;

socially vulnerable energy consumer (further - socially vulnerable consumer) - the residential customer, family or lonely person who for the reasons of the insufficient income, family composition or by other criteria needs measures of social protection for ensuring the household needs for energy;

family - two or more persons living in one dwelling and providing themselves from the general budget. For the purposes of this law any adult person which is not family composition also has the family rights;

Fund of decrease in energy vulnerability - fund within the government budget for financing of programs for increase in availability of the energy resources intended for socially vulnerable consumers;

housing - the place of regular stay, as such is determined by the Civil code, being in property of socially vulnerable consumer or hired by it or concerning which it performs right to use according to the legislation and which is taken into account in case of expense determination on content of housing. Social housing and maneuverable housing, as such are determined by the Law on housing No. 75/2015, are equated to housing or the place of regular stay. For the purpose of this law the place of temporary stay as it is determined by the Civil code, the organizations of the public assistance including created and managed by the religious cults provided by the Law on liberty of conscience, thought and religions No. 125/2007, and also associations or religious groups are not considered as housing;

lonely person - person who reached 18-year age who lives separately and is not dependent on parents any more, and also person aged from 16 up to 18 years which lives and provides itself independently and has full legal capacity according to part provisions (3) Article 26 of the Civil code No. 1107/2002;

The information system "Energy Vulnerability" - the information system developed by the Government for classification of residential customers by categories of energy vulnerability, for management and monitoring of the measures financed from Fund of decrease in energy vulnerability;

the applicant - one of family members or lonely person who submits the application for assignment of category of energy vulnerability via the interface of the Information system "Energy Vulnerability";

subsidies for increase in efficiency of consumption of energy resources - the program directed to providing financial support to socially vulnerable consumers for the purpose of increase in efficiency of consumption of energy resources within housing;

energy vulnerability - the situation which is characterized by limited access or low purchasing power of the residential customer concerning the energy resources necessary for cooking for thermal comfort in the dwelling and other basic requirements.

Chapter II Fund of decrease in energy vulnerability and management of fund

Article 4. Fund of decrease in energy vulnerability

(1) the Fund of decrease in energy vulnerability (further - Fund) represents set of the financial resources intended for financing of programs in the field of social protection for provision of compensations on payment of invoices for energy to socially vulnerable consumers, subsidies for increase in efficiency of use of energy resources and financing of other measures of the public assistance for decrease in energy vulnerability.

(2) the Size of financial resources of Fund is established annually by the law on the government budget according to provisions of the Law on public finance and budget and tax responsibility No. 181/2014.

(3) Financing sources of Fund are:

a) the government budget within the assignments which are annually approved by the law on the government budget;

b) European funds or other sources of the external help;

c) other sources which do not contradict the legislation.

(4) the Procedure for creation and activities of Fund, condition of allocation of financial resources on activities are provided by the Regulations on management of fund of decrease in energy vulnerability approved by the Government.

(5) the Fund is under control of the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection.

Article 5. The measures financed by fund

(1) According to this law the measures directed to socially vulnerable consumer are:

a) monthly compensation on payment of invoices for energy in the form of the financial aid reflected in the invoice on covering of part of expenses on consumption of natural gas, heat energy in centralized system and/or on electric power consumption;

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