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RESOLUTION OF THE CABINET OF MINISTERS OF UKRAINE

of May 20, 2022 No. 612

About approval of the Procedure for the organization of protection and protection of the woods

According to Article 38 of the Forest code of Ukraine the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine decides:

1. Approve the Procedure for the organization of protection and protection of the woods which is applied.

2. Make changes which are applied to resolutions of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine.

Prime Minister of Ukraine

D. Shmygal

Approved by the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of May 20, 2022, No. 612

Procedure for the organization of protection and protection of the woods

General questions

1. This Procedure determines the mechanism of implementation of complex of the actions directed to preserving the woods from the fires, illegal cabins, damage, easing and other harmful effects, protection against wreckers and diseases.

2. In this Procedure terms are used in such value:

fire extinguishing - the actions directed to flame-out in the seat of fire, restriction of influence of its dangerous factors and elimination of conditions for unauthorized renewal of the fire after suppression;

burning - exothermic process which covers oxidation-reduction transformations of substances and (or) materials and is characterized by availability of flying products and (or) light radiation;

voluntary fire protection of the permanent forest user or owner of the woods - the rescue and fire fighting division formed of number of persons employed of the permanent forest user, the owner of the woods which if necessary can be involved in suppression of wildfires;

zone of activities (servicing) of the forest fire station - the territory of forest fund formalized behind the forest fire station for the purpose of holding precautionary preventive actions, identification and liquidation of wildfires;

fire zone - space in which there is fire;

the class of fire risk under the terms of weather - the indicator characterizing degree of probability of emergence of wildfires is also determined on the basis of complex indicator of fire risk under the terms of weather;

class of natural fire risk - the indicator characterizing sites of forest fund for characteristics of forest combustible materials, to degree of probability of origin, type and nature of development of the fires in them;

the complex indicator of fire risk under the terms of weather - the indicator characterizing degree of probability of emergence of wildfires is also determined taking into account the air temperature and amount of precipitation for the last three days;

controlled burning of vegetation - the process of burning of collected vegetation or its remaining balance (dry grass, leaves, felling remaining balance, laying, needles, etc.) controlled by person in places specially allotted for this purpose;

controlled annealing - advance controlled burning out of land combustible materials skilled forest firefighters on safe for persons who are involved in suppression of wildfires, distance before the front of the fire for the purpose of creation on its way of fire-proof gap and stop of the fire using other policy strokes of suppression;

wildfire edge - border between the territory passed or covered by fire and not passed by fire;

wildfire - spontaneous spread of fire by sites of forest fund;

the forest cross-border fire - distribution of wildfire out of limits of one country;

forest combustible material - set of forest plants, their morphological parts and vegetable remaining balance of different extent of decomposition which can burn during wildfires;

the forest fire watchman - person involved for permanent or temporary (season) term for observation of certain territory of forest fund for the purpose of detection of wildfires, information transfer about the revealed wildfires to the responsible person on duty of the permanent forest user, the owner of the woods and operational information about wildfire development to the head of suppression of wildfire during response to case of the fire and its suppression;

forest pathological inspection - inspection of the woods for the purpose of assessment of sanitary condition, establishment of the reasons of easing and defeat of plantings, identifications of the areas of distribution of the centers of wreckers and diseases, determinations of optimum measures for protection of the woods taking into account phenology and ecology of type of the wrecker or infecting agent;

the forest fire module - the car of the increased passability with equipment in place for fire extinguishing intended for quick response and suppression of small wildfires and the fires on initial stages of development;

the mineralized strip - the site of the territory with which soil-cultivating mechanisms remove land combustible materials which width shall be twice more possible height of flame of the local fire;

monitoring of fire risk in the woods - system of continuous observations for assessment of probability of emergence of wildfires, their detection and development. Monitoring of fire risk is component of monitoring of the woods;

land combustible materials - the wood deposit consisting from the fallen-down hvoinok, leaves, small branches, bark, cones; dead wood remaining balance: windbreak, dead wood, stubs, dry branches, small felling remaining balance; grassy vegetation;

the centers of wreckers and diseases of the wood - the sites covered with wood vegetation, which are characterized by the increased number of wreckers or the trees struck with pathogenic organisms that leads to decrease in biological stability of plantings, their degradation and death;

patrol of the woods aviation (aviapatrol) - one of methods of protection and protection of the woods by use of airplanes (helicopters) or unmanned aerial vehicles with observance of requirements of the legislation in the field of aircraft, with involvement of officials of the state forest protection, forest protection of other forest users and owners of the woods, rescue and fire fighting divisions, voluntary fire protection and other persons for the purpose of implementation of the state control of observance of requirements of the forest legislation, ensuring forest conservation from the fires, illegal cabins, protection against wreckers and diseases, damage owing to anthropogenous and other harmful effects;

land patrol of the woods - one of methods of protection and protection of the woods by movement of officials of the state forest protection, forest protection of other forest users and owners of the woods, rescue and fire fighting divisions, voluntary fire protection and other involved persons by the territory of the woods on foot or vehicles (on condition of long distance) with stops for the purpose of implementation of the state control of observance of requirements of the forest legislation, ensuring forest conservation from the fires, illegal cabins, protection against wreckers and diseases, damage owing to anthropogenous and other harmful effects;

the fire fighting equipment - technical means for prevention, restriction of development, suppression of wildfires, protection of people, material values and natural resources against their effects;

the fire observation post - the construction which is specially equipped for observation of certain territory of forest fund for the purpose of identification of wildfires;

rescue and fire fighting division of the forest fire station - the staff assigned by the order of the head of the permanent forest user or owner of the woods to the forest fire station on permanent basis and/or the public beginnings which underwent special training in questions of prevention, detection and suppression of wildfires;

the fire-dangerous period - part of year within which there are wildfires (from the moment of descent of snow cover before steady wet autumn weather or formation of snow cover);

fire-resistant edges - specially created sites of the wood on border of the timberland and lands of agricultural purpose, floodplains, pastures, country cooperatives, settlements for the purpose of decrease in intensity of the fire and simplification of its suppression by rescue and fire fighting divisions. Fire-resistant edges include strips liquefied to completeness of 0,4-0,5, in which regularly the underbrush is removed and there is no essential accumulating of land combustible materials;

fire-proof ditch - barrier to protection of sites of forest fund against the peat fires which is laid by borders with peat bogs in their territory in plantings with layer of the torfovy soil width in the bottom of meter 0,2-0,4, from above - meter 1,5-2,8, depth to mineral layer or to the level of ground waters;

fire-proof barrier - the site of the territory which interferes with distribution and development of wildfires (the mineralized strips, technological corridors, fire-proof gaps, fire-proof barriers, fire resistant edges, fire-proof ditches, the rivers, lakes, highways and so forth);

the fire-proof block - the part of the wood from 350 to 700 hectares separated by fire-proof barriers and (or) natural barriers for the purpose of restriction of the possible area of wildfire;

fire-proof barrier - the combined (difficult) barrier which consists of fire-proof gap (with the road in the middle) and wood strips from both of its parties cleared of land combustible materials, divided by network of the mineralized strips;

fire-proof stock - the stock intended for suppression of wildfires (shovels, axes, rake, chiansaws, crackers, peat fire trunks, rantsevy forest sprayers, etc.);

fire-proof gap - specially created glade 50-150 meters wide, usually with the road in its territory which is component of fire-proof barrier and the place for the organization of stop of the strong local and riding fires, including fires of especially large size;

preventive annealing - advance controlled burning out of land plant combustible materials skilled forest firefighters for stock reduction of combustible materials on borders of the timberland and lands of agricultural purpose, peat bogs;

fire development - increase in the burning area and (or) probability of impact of dangerous factors of the fire;

forces and fire extinguishing means - departmental fire protection, staff of the forest fire station and other involved workers of the permanent forest user, the owner of the woods, fire fighting and other equipment, fire stock, fire-fighting chemicals which are assigned to the forest fire station;

technological corridor - specially created glade at least 10 meters wide along the existing soil drives, highways with hard surface, fire-proof gaps (to 20 meters) in plantings for creation of the mineralized strips on both sides and journey of the fire-proof equipment.

Other terms are used in the value given in the Forest code and the Code of civil protection of Ukraine.

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