of December 12, 1993
connected by general destiny on the earth,
approving human rights and freedoms, civil peace and harmony,
keeping historically developed state unity,
proceeding from the conventional principles of equality and self-determination of the people,
revering memory of the ancestors who gave us love and respect for the Fatherland, belief in good and justice
reviving sovereign statehood of Russia and approving firmness of its democratic basis,
aiming to provide wellbeing and prosperity of Russia,
proceeding from responsibility for the Homeland before present and future generations,
understanding itself part of the world community,
we accept the Constitution of the Russian Federation
The person, its rights and freedoms are the supreme value. Recognition, observance and protection of rights and freedoms of man and citizen - obligation of the state.
4. Nobody can appropriate the power in the Russian Federation. Seizure of power or assignment of powers of authority is pursued under the Federal Law.
1. The Russian Federation consists of the republics, regions, areas, the federal cities, the autonomous region, autonomous areas - equal subjects of the Russian Federation.
3. The federal device of the Russian Federation is based on its state integrity, unity of system of the government, differentiation of areas of jurisdiction and powers between public authorities of the Russian Federation and public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation, equality and self-determination of the people in the Russian Federation.
3. The citizen of the Russian Federation cannot be deprived of the nationality or the right to change him.
2. In the Russian Federation work and human health are protected, the guaranteed minimum wage is established, the state family support, motherhood, paternity and the childhood, disabled people and elderly citizens is provided, the system of social services develops, national pensions, benefits and other guarantees of social protection are established.
2. The earth and other natural resources can be in private, state, municipal and other patterns of ownership.
The government in the Russian Federation is performed on the basis of separation on legislative, executive and judicial. Bodies of legislative, executive and judicial authority are independent.
1. The government in the Russian Federation is performed the President of the Russian Federation, by Federal Assembly (The Federation Council and the State Duma), the Government of the Russian Federation, courts of the Russian Federation.
3. Differentiation of areas of jurisdiction and powers between public authorities of the Russian Federation and public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation is performed by this Constitution, Federal and other agreements on differentiation of areas of jurisdiction and powers.
In the Russian Federation local self-government is recognized and guaranteed. Local self-government within the powers independently. Local government bodies are not a part of the system of public authorities.
2. No ideology can be established as state or obligatory.
5. Creation and activities of public associations is forbidden, the purposes or actions of which are directed to violent change of bases of the constitutional system and violation of integrity of the Russian Federation, undermining safety of the state, creation of paramilitary groups, kindling of social, racial, national and religious discord.
1. The Russian Federation - the secular state. No religion can be established as state or obligatory.
1. The constitution of the Russian Federation has the highest legal force, direct action and is applied in all territory of the Russian Federation. The laws and other legal acts adopted in the Russian Federation shall not contradict the Constitution of the Russian Federation.
3. The laws are subject to official publication. The unpublished laws are not applied. Any regulatory legal acts affecting the rights, freedoms and obligations of man and citizen cannot be applied if they are not published officially for general data.
4. The conventional principles and rules of international law and the international agreements of the Russian Federation are component of its system of law. If the international treaty of the Russian Federation establishes other rules than provided by the law, then rules of the international treaty are applied.
1. Provisions of this Chapter of the Constitution constitute bases of the constitutional system of the Russian Federation and cannot be changed differently as according to the procedure, established by this Constitution.
1. In the Russian Federation rights and freedoms of man and citizen according to the conventional principles and rules of international law and according to this Constitution are recognized and guaranteed.
Rights and freedoms of man and citizen are directly acting. They determine sense, content and application of the laws, activities of legislative and executive power, local self-government and are provided with justice.
2. The state guarantees equality of rights and freedoms of man and citizen irrespective of floor, races, nationalities, language, origin, property and official capacity, the residence, the relation to religion, beliefs, belonging to public associations, and also other circumstances. Any forms of restriction of the rights of citizens on signs of social, racial, national, language or religious affiliation are forbidden.
3. The man and the woman have the equal rights and freedoms and equal opportunities for their realization.
2. Capital punishment until its cancellation can be established by the Federal Law as exceptional measure of punishment for especially serious crimes against life by provision to the person accused of the right to consideration of its case by court with participation of jury members.
2. Nobody shall be exposed to tortures, violence, another to the cruel or degrading human dignity address or punishment. Nobody can without voluntary consent be subjected to medical, scientific or other experiences.
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