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LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

of March 30, 2006 No. 70-XVI

About beekeeping

(as amended on 26-10-2023)

The parliament adopts this organic law.

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. Subject of the law

Subject of this law is regulation of the relations in the field of beekeeping, protection of the rights of beekeepers, protection of honey bees and conditioning for their rational use for the purpose of product receipt of beekeeping and pollination of entomophilic plants.

Article 2. Law purpose

The purpose of this law is conditioning for increase in quantity and improvement of product quality of beekeeping, and also for pollination of entomophilic plants.

Article 3. Basic concepts

In this law the following basic concepts are used:

beekeeping - the agricultural industry of the livestock sector including content, cultivation and use of honey bees (Apis mellifera) for the purpose of product receipt of beekeeping and pollination of entomophilic plants;

beekeeping products - the products received from colony as result of its life activity namely: honey, wax, propolis, pollen, sting poison, uterine milk, apilarnit, beebread and Merv;

honey - natural product of honey bee which name cannot be used in the name of any other products received in the artificial way;

the beekeeper - person who is going in for beekeeping;

entomophilic plants - the plants pollinated by insects, including bees;

colony - biological unit (colony) of bees consisting of one uterus, variable number of workers, drones, issue and sot;

uterus - female single individual in colony with the developed reproductive organs, capable to copulate with drones and to lay oosperms;

workers - the female individuals with underdeveloped reproductive organs constituting the vast majority in colony and performing throughout life different functions according to job sharing at honey bees;

drone - individual the male (bee) capable to copulate with uterus;

beehive - construction for content of colony;

apiary - set of the beehives with colonies which are compactly placed in certain place with necessary constructions and equipment for occupation beekeeping;

stationary apiary - the apiary placed on the permanent place in place of registration (it is normal in the place of wintering);

nomadic apiary - the apiary transported and placed temporarily, for honey harvest, at source of honey harvest and transported then to other place;

melliferous base (source) - set in certain territory of the entomophillous flora forming nectar and pollen which are natural source of forage for bees;

breed of bees - group (population) of colonies of general origin, rather numerous for cultivation "in", created by the person by selection method in certain edaphic-climatic conditions and having characteristic phenotypical and genotypic signs;

breeding colonies - the thoroughbred colonies with high productive rates which are steadily descending the breeding qualities;

breeding apiary - apiary with breeding colonies which breeding value is confirmed by zootechnical documentation, recognized by breeding stock-rearing farm according to part (3) article 16 of the Law on livestock production No. 213/2022;

the passport of apiary - the document (form No. 2 Ares) approved by the Ministry of Agriculture and the food industry and issued by the National agency on safety of foodstuff in which are specified the owner of apiary, its legal address, place of registration of the permanent location of apiary, number of colonies, breed, results state zootechnical and veterinary sanitary inspection, terms and nature of the held preventive and medical events for fight against diseases of bees, addresses of placement of apiary on migration;

the breeding certificate of queen - the document (form No. 1-Ap) approved and issued by the Ministry of Agriculture and the food industry on breeding uterus, held for sale;

genetic material - biological material, the carrier of heritable genes (queens, drones, sperm, eggs, larvae) which can be used for the purpose of reproduction;

appraisal of quality - determination of breeding value (class) of colonies on the basis of their assessment by complex of the morfo-productive and biological characters registered in documents of zootechnical accounting;

information system - set of the information resources and technologies which are under authority of the National agency on safety of foodstuff in the form of web application which is used by beekeepers and consumers of means of phytosanitary assignment and the means increasing soil fertility for the purpose of registration and providing each other information on application of means of phytosanitary assignment and the means increasing soil fertility and also on arrangement of apiaries.

Article 4. Legal regulation in the field of beekeeping

(1) the Relations in the field of beekeeping are governed by this law, others legislative and regulations, and also international treaties, one of the parties of which is the Republic of Moldova.

(2) If international treaties, one of the parties of which is the Republic of Moldova, other provisions than provided present by the law are established, provisions of international treaties are applied.

Chapter II. Rights and obligations of beekeepers

Article 5. Subjects of activities in the field of beekeeping

In the field of beekeeping any physical person or legal entity having knowledge necessary for this purpose and respecting the rules and rules of activities in this area can be engaged in activities.

Article 6. Beekeeper's rights

The beekeeper has the right:

a) practice content of the breeds of bees zoned in the Republic of Moldova;

b) ask at bodies of the public power and owners of the parcels of land permission (consent) to placement of apiary to migration;

c) collect the bee swarm which took off from own apiary and settled on others site in case of its continuous pursuit, at the same time the owner of this site has no right to collect the specified swarm;

d) collect the found neglected bee swarm and place it on own apiary with the right of further ownership of it;

e) require according to the current legislation of indemnification, put to it with physical persons or legal entities;

f) ceased to be valid according to the Law of the Republic of Moldova of 20.10.2017 No. 215

g) combine with other beekeepers for creation of different associations of beekeepers according to provisions of the Law on groups of agricultural producers and their associations No. 312/2013 and the Law on non-profit organizations No. 86/2020.

Article 7. Beekeeper's obligations

The beekeeper shall:

a) register the address of stationary apiary, quantity of colonies, and also the address of the owner of apiary in information system;

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