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FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of March 6, 2022 No. 34-FZ

About carrying out experiment on emission limitation of greenhouse gases in certain subjects of the Russian Federation

Accepted by the State Duma on February 16, 2022

Approved by the Federation Council on March 2, 2022

Article 1. General provisions

1. For the purpose of creation of necessary conditions for emission reduction of greenhouse gases and increase in their absorption subjects of the Russian Federation have the right to make in the territories experiment on emission limitation of greenhouse gases (further - experiment) according to this Federal Law and the legislation of subjects of the Russian Federation in which territories the experiment is made.

2. Make experiment:

1) in the territory of the Sakhalin region;

2) in the territories of other subjects of the Russian Federation included in experiment by introduction of amendments to this Federal Law.

3. The experiment is made:

1) in the territory of the Sakhalin region - from September 1, 2022 to December 31, 2028 inclusive;

2) in the territories of other subjects of the Russian Federation included in experiment according to Item 2 of part 2 of this Article - in the terms established by way of introduction of amendments to this Federal Law.

Article 2. The basic concepts used in this Federal Law

1. For the purposes of this Federal Law the following basic concepts are used:

1) quota of emissions of greenhouse gases (further - quota) - the size of admissible emissions of greenhouse gases characterizing their weight and established for the regional regulated organization according to this Federal Law for the purpose of achievement of carbon neutrality in the territory of the participant of experiment;

2) the regional regulated organization - the legal entity or the individual entrepreneur performing economic and other activity as a result of which the emissions of greenhouse gases in the territory of the participant of experiment and included the supreme executive body of the subject of the Russian Federation - the participant of experiment in the list of the regional regulated organizations according to article 5 of this Federal Law are formed;

3) the regional inventory of anthropogenic emissions from sources and absorption by absorbers of greenhouse gases (further - the regional greenhouse gas inventory) - the systematized code of the data containing the description of emissions of greenhouse gases and absorption of greenhouse gases based on official statistical information concerning the territory of the participant of experiment;

4) unit of accomplishment of quota - the verified result of accomplishment of the established quota expressed in difference between the established quota and the actual lot of emissions of greenhouse gases, equivalent one ton of carbon dioxide;

5) transactions with units of accomplishment of quota - the actions with units of accomplishment of quota registered in the register of carbon units;

6) the account in the register of carbon units - record which contains in the register of carbon units and is used for accounting of carbon units and (or) units of accomplishment of quota and carrying out transactions with them;

7) the account of retirement - the specialized account in the register of carbon units intended for offsetting of carbon units and (or) units of accomplishment of quota;

8) verification - the procedure of check and confirmation of fidelity of data on lot of emissions of greenhouse gases and absorption of greenhouse gases, and also data on accomplishment (failure to carry out) of quota held according to article 10 of this Federal Law;

9) the program of carrying out experiment - the document determining tasks of executive bodies of the subject of the Russian Federation - the participant of experiment, target indicators of emission reduction of greenhouse gases and terms of their achievement, task and the list of the regional regulated organizations;

10) carbon neutrality - balance condition between anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases and their absorption in case of which lot of anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases does not exceed lot of their absorption for calendar year;

11) uglerodoyemkost - lot of emissions of the greenhouse gases formed in case of production by the regional regulated organization of unit of production or energy;

12) the coordinator of experiment - the federal executive body determined by the Government of the Russian Federation;

13) authorized body - executive body of the subject of the Russian Federation - the participant of experiment, determined by the supreme executive body of this subject of the Russian Federation, authorized on carrying out experiment in the territory of this subject of the Russian Federation;

14) the participant of experiment - subject of the Russian Federation in the territory of which the experiment is made.

2. Other concepts of this Federal Law are used in the values determined by the legislation of the Russian Federation.

Article 3. Purpose, tasks and principles of carrying out experiment

1. The purpose of experiment is achievement of carbon neutrality:

1) in the territory of the Sakhalin region - till December 31, 2025;

2) in the territories of other subjects of the Russian Federation included in experiment according to Item 2 of part 2 of article 1 of this Federal Law - in the terms established by way of introduction of amendments to this Federal Law.

2. Tasks of experiment are:

1) stimulation of implementation of technologies of emission reduction of greenhouse gases and increase in their absorption;

2) forming of system of independent verification;

3) creation of system of the address of carbon units and units of accomplishment of quota.

3. The principles of carrying out experiment are:

1) priority of sustainable social and economic development of the participant of experiment with the low level of emissions of greenhouse gases in case of goal achievement of emission reduction of greenhouse gases and forming of economy with the low level of emissions of greenhouse gases;

2) transparency of data on lot of emissions of greenhouse gases and absorption of greenhouse gases;

3) lack of double offsetting of carbon units and units of accomplishment of quota;

4) the address and offsetting of carbon units and units of accomplishment of quota in the territory of the Russian Federation and at the international level;

5) participation of the regional regulated organizations in forming of the offer on establishment of quotas;

6) the differentiated accounting of indicators of uglerodoyemkost of the regional regulated organizations in case of establishment of quotas;

7) verification compliance to documents of national system of standardization in the field of emission limitation of greenhouse gases.

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