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LAW OF TURKMENISTAN

of December 18, 2021

About prevention of noninfectious diseases and fight against them

This Law determines legal, organizational, economic and social bases of prevention of noninfectious diseases and fight against them.

Chapter I. General provisions

Article 1. Basic concepts

In this Law the following basic concepts are used:

1) noninfectious diseases - group of the violations of the state of health which are result of impact of combination of genetic, physiological, ecological and behavioural factors.

Cardiovascular diseases (coronary heart disease, arterial hypertension, stroke), oncological diseases (dangerous new growths), obstructive pulmonary disease (bronchial asthma) and diabetes belong to main types of noninfectious diseases;

2) prevention of noninfectious diseases - complex of the actions directed to the prevention of emergence of noninfectious diseases, elimination of risk factors of their development;

3) medical examination - complex of the actions and methods of inspection performed by doctors of various profile concerning certain national groups according to the legislation of Turkmenistan;

4) dispensary observation - dynamic medical observation, including remote, the faces sore with main types of noninfectious diseases or having high risk of their development, for the purpose of systematic holding necessary preventive and medical and diagnostic actions, the prevention and timely identification of aggravations and (or) complications, carrying out medical rehabilitation;

5) routine medical examination - the medical examination performed for the purpose of early (timely) identification of pathological conditions, diseases and risk factors of their development;

6) means of self-checking - the medical devices (glucose meters, tonometers, pulsoksimetra, pikfluometra and others) allowing the patient to watch independently over the health;

7) medico-social protection - system of the legal, medical, economic and organizational and technical measures, and also measures of social support providing realization of basic rights of patients with noninfectious diseases guaranteed by the state on protection of their health and creation of the necessary conditions for their activity realized by means of creation and ensuring action of the state system of medico-social servicing of patients with noninfectious diseases, creation for them opportunities of participation in life of society, equal with other citizens;

8) medico-social servicing - preventive, medical and diagnostic, rehabilitation, prosthetic and orthopedic maintenance, and also measures of social nature for patient care by noninfectious diseases, disabled persons and persons with disability, including payment of public welfare payment for temporary disability;

9) risk factors - the individual characteristics associated with the increased probability of development, progressing and unsuccessful outcome of noninfectious disease.

Article 2. Legislation of Turkmenistan on prevention of noninfectious diseases and fight against them

The legislation of Turkmenistan on prevention of noninfectious diseases and fight against them is based on the Constitution of Turkmenistan and consists of this Law and other regulatory legal acts of Turkmenistan.

Article 3. Coverage of this law

Operation of this Law extends to citizens of Turkmenistan, and also if other is not established by the legislation and international treaties of Turkmenistan, on the foreign citizens and stateless persons who are living/staying in the territory of Turkmenistan.

Article 4. The main directions of state policy in the sphere of prevention of noninfectious diseases and fight against them

1. The main directions of state policy in the sphere of prevention of noninfectious diseases and fight against them are:

1) creation of necessary conditions for activity and health protection of patients with noninfectious diseases;

2) maintenance of necessary social level of activity of patients with noninfectious diseases at any age;

3) removal of obstacles for the most complete integration in the company of patients with noninfectious diseases;

4) implementation of measures for strengthening of health, to prevention, early identification, treatment and continuous maintaining persons with high risk or probability of emergence of noninfectious diseases for prevention of complications of the state of health, reducing need for hospitalization and expensive high-technology interventions, and also decrease in premature death rate;

5) ensuring equal access to the established range of services on strengthening of health, prevention, treatment and rehabilitation, palliative care and set of the main, safe, economically available, effective and high-quality medicines and products of medical appointment according to the legislation of Turkmenistan;

6) implementation of measures for improvement of quality of medical care for the purpose of prevention of noninfectious diseases;

7) rendering primary specialized medical and sanitary help, including medical care on free or preferential basis, according to the procedure, established by the legislation of Turkmenistan;

8) providing patients with the main noninfectious diseases of medicines and products of medical appointment on free or preferential basis according to the procedure, established by the legislation of Turkmenistan;

9) implementation of new methods of prevention, diagnostics and treatment of noninfectious diseases, new medical technologies, modern medicines and products of medical appointment;

10) providing the equal rights in the field of medico-social protection of patients with noninfectious diseases;

11) provision of customs privileges when importing to Turkmenistan of the medicines intended for prevention and treatment of noninfectious diseases, and products of medical appointment according to the procedure established by the legislation of Turkmenistan;

12) carrying out the information and propaganda work directed to informing the population on risk factors for their health, maintaining healthy lifestyle, namely creation of conditions and forming of motivation for increase in physical activity, healthy nutrition, prevention of addictions, occupations by physical culture and sport, effective use from early age of innovative digital technologies;

13) conducting the corresponding work on decrease in negative impact of ecological factors on health of the person and prevention of noninfectious diseases;

14) carrying out scientific research in the field of forecasting and development of new methods of prevention, diagnostics and treatment of noninfectious diseases;

15) implementation of interrelations for assistance to cooperation at all levels between state bodies, public associations, civil society and private sector for building-up of efforts on prevention of noninfectious diseases;

16) strengthening of potential for planning, realization, monitoring and assessment of actions in the sphere of rendering services in prevention of noninfectious diseases;

17) development of international cooperation in the sphere of prevention of noninfectious diseases and fight against them.

2. State policy in the sphere of prevention of noninfectious diseases and fight against them is implemented by way:

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