of April 23, 1998 No. 219-I
About radiation safety of the population
This Law governs the public relations in the field of ensuring radiation safety of the population, for the purpose of protection of his health from harmful effects of ionizing radiation.
In this Law the following basic concepts are used:
intervention level - the size of the prevented dose in case of which achievement in cases of emergence of situations of chronic or emergency radiation protective or postemergency measures are taken;
effective dose - the size of the absorbed energy of ionizing radiation used as measure of risk of emergence of the remote effects of radiation of human body and its separate bodies taking into account their radio sensitivity;
the controlled area is the territory on which special rules on radiation control, the admission and accommodation of people act;
ionizing radiation - the radiation consisting from loaded, uncharged particles and photons which in case of interaction with environment form ions of different signs;
the operating organization - the legal entity performing activities for the address with subjects to use of atomic energy;
personnel - physical persons, constantly or temporarily working with sources of ionizing radiation or being under the terms of work in the field of their impact;
radiation accident - violation of limits of safe operation of subject to use of atomic energy in case of which there was exit of radioactive products and (or) ionizing radiation for the borders provided by the project of normal operation which could bring or led to radiation of people or radioactive environmental pollution above the established regulations;
radiation safety - condition of properties and characteristics of subject to use of atomic energy in case of which radiative effects on personnel, the population and the surrounding environment according to the established regulations are limited;
radiation protection - set of the radiation and hygienic, design, technical and organizational actions aimed at providing radiation safety;
radiation monitoring - systematic observations of condition of radiation situation as on subjects to use of sources of ionizing radiation, and in the environment;
natural radiation background - the radiation dose created by the space radiation and radiation of the natural radionuclides which are naturally distributed in the earth, water, air, other elements of the biosphere, foodstuff and human body;
tekhnogenno the changed radiation background - the natural radiation background changed as a result of activities of the person;
the technogenic radiation background is the levels of indicators characterizing radiation situation less levels of the same indicators characterizing natural radiation background of this area.
The legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of ensuring radiation safety is based on the Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan, consists of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan "About use of atomic energy", this Law, and also other regulatory legal acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
The basic principles of ensuring radiation safety are:
the principle of regulation - not exceeding of admissible limits of individual doses of radiation of citizens from all sources of ionizing radiation;
the principle of reasons - prohibition of all types of activity on use of sources of ionizing radiation in case of which the advantage received for the person and society does not exceed risk of the possible harm done by radiation, additional to natural radiation background;
the principle of optimization - maintenance at perhaps low and achievable level taking into account economic and social factors of individual doses of radiation and number of the irradiated persons when using any source of ionizing radiation;
the principle of emergency optimization - the form, scale and duration of taking measures in emergency (emergency) situations shall be optimized so that the real advantage of reduction of harm to health of the person was as much as possible more damage, connected with damage from intervention implementation.
Radiation safety is ensured:
carrying out package of measures of legal, organizational, technical, sanitary and hygienic, preventive, educational, general education and information nature;
realization by state bodies of the Republic of Kazakhstan, public associations, physical persons and legal entities of actions for observance of regulations and rules of radiation safety;
implementation of radiation monitoring in all territory of the republic;
the paragraph the fifth Article 4 is excluded according to the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of 03.07.2013 No. 124-V ZRK
program implementation of high-quality ensuring radiation safety at all levels of implementation of practical activities with sources of ionizing radiation.
1. The government of the Republic of Kazakhstan determines authorized state bodies, order of interaction and differentiation of functions between them on:
to public health care from impact of ionizing radiation;
to ensuring radiation safety and licensing of the types of activity connected with use of atomic energy;
to the prevention of radioactive pollution of objects of the environment and control of natural sources of ionizing radiation.
1-1. No. 239-V ZRK is excluded according to the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of 29.09.2014
1-2. No. 452-IV ZRK is excluded according to the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of 05.07.2011
2. The authorized state body in the field of use of atomic energy is the executive body of the Republic of Kazakhstan authorized by the state in the field of ensuring radiation safety, pursues single state policy, coordinates work of other authorized state bodies, and also:
performs licensing of types of activity on use of atomic energy;
develops and approves the regulations and rules concerning radiation safety, physical protection and antiemergency planning, accounting and control of nuclear materials and sources of ionizing radiation;
exercises control of observance of regulations and rules of radiation safety, conditions of licenses;
provides activities of the national commission on radiation protection;
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