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ORDER OF THE MINISTER OF ENERGY OF THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN

of May 28, 2021 No. 183

About approval of Rules of transportation of nuclear materials, radioactive materials and radioactive waste

According to the subitem 16) article 6 of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan "About use of atomic energy" PRIKAZYVAYU:

1. Approve the enclosed Rules of transportation of nuclear materials, radioactive materials and radioactive waste.

2. Recognize invalid some orders of the Department of Energy of the Republic of Kazakhstan according to appendix to this order.

3. To provide to committee of atomic and energy supervision and control of the Department of Energy of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the procedure established by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan:

1) state registration of this order in the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

2) placement of this order on Internet resource of the Department of Energy of the Republic of Kazakhstan;

3) within ten working days after state registration of this order in the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Kazakhstan submission to Department of legal service of the Department of Energy of the Republic of Kazakhstan of data on execution of the actions provided by subitems 1) and 2) of this Item.

4. To impose control of execution of this order on the supervising vice-Minister of Energy of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

5. This order becomes effective after ten calendar days after day of its first official publication.

Minister of Energy of the Republic of Kazakhstan

N. Nogayev

It is approved

Ministry of the industry and infrastructure development of the Republic of Kazakhstan

 

It is approved

Ministry of national economy of the Republic of Kazakhstan

 

It is approved

Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan

 

It is approved

Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Republic of Kazakhstan

 

 

Approved by the Order of the Minister of Energy of the Republic of Kazakhstan of May 28, 2021 No. 183

Rules of transportation of nuclear materials, radioactive materials and radioactive waste

Chapter 1. General provisions

1. These rules of transportation of nuclear materials, radioactive materials and radioactive waste (further - Rules) are developed according to the subitem 16) of article 6 of the Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of January 12, 2016 "About use of atomic energy" (further - the Law) and determine procedure for transportation of nuclear materials (further - YAM) radioactive materials (further - RAV) and radioactive waste (further - Russian joint stock company).

2. These rules extend to transportation of YAM, RAV and Russian joint stock company by all modes of transport land, air and waterways and transportations act on all territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan, except for:

1) the RAV implanted or entered into human body or animal for the purpose of diagnostics or treatment;

2) HOLES, RAV which are integral part of vehicles;

3) HOLES, RAV within the territory of the companies where these substances are made, used and stored;

4) HOLES, RAV which specific activity or general activity of load of which do not exceed major importances for the radionuclides specified in appendix 1 (table 1 and 2) to these rules;

5) HOLES, RAV which are in consumer goods on which receipt of the sanitary and epidemiologic conclusion and license in the field of use of atomic energy according to Item 5 of the Sanitary regulations "Sanitary and epidemiologic requirements to ensuring radiation safety" approved by the order of the Minister of Health of the Republic of Kazakhstan of December 15, 2020 No. KR DSM-275/2020 is not required (it is registered in the Register of state registration of regulatory legal acts for No. 21822).

3. Transportation of YAM, RAV and Russian joint stock company includes all transactions and conditions which are connected with production and servicing of transport packaging sets, and also with preparation, loading, sending, transportation, including transit storage, unloading and acceptance in final destination of loads.

4. In these rules the following determinations are applied:

1) object with surface radiological contamination (further - OPRZ) - firm subject which, without being radioactive, has radiological contamination of surface. OPRZ treat one of two groups, according to appendix 2 to these rules;

2) fissionable materials - the nuclear materials containing uranium-233, uranium-235, plutonium-239, plutonium-241 or any combination of these radionuclides. Do not fall under this determination: unirradiated natural uranium or the grown poor uranium, and also the natural uranium or the grown poor uranium irradiated only in thermal reactors;

3) the maximum normal working pressure - the maximum pressure exceeding atmospheric pressure on sea-level which can arise in packaging containment system within one year in the conditions of temperature condition and solar radiation, to the corresponding surrounding conditions, without aeration or dumping of excessive pressure, external chilling by means of additional system or without measures of operational control during transportation;

4) exclusive use - use by one consignor of the vehicle or big cargo container with which all initial, intermediate and final transactions on loading and unloading are performed by the consignor or the consignee or on their instructions;

5) radioactive material of special type - not dissipating the solid or placed in pressure shell radioactive material meeting the requirements of Item 23 of these rules;

6) the transport index (further - TI) - the number appropriated to transport packaging set with the radioactive contents which are in it, transport packet, cargo container, the reservoir or unpacked materials with low specific activity (NUA-I) and OPRZ-I, used for control of radiation safety when transporting;

7) transport packet - the enlarged unit load created from several transport packaging sets using different methods and means of packaging providing possibility of comprehensive mechanization of processing, loading, unloading of load and warehouse works. Treat means of packaging: pallets (flat, rack, lattice, box), flexible or tough bindings (tapes, hoisting slings, grids, films), wire, rope and other elements of fixture;

8) radioactive content - YAM, RAV and/or Russian joint stock company together with any radioactive or activated solid substances, liquids and gases which are in packaging set;

9) HOLES, RAV or Russian joint stock company with low specific activity (further - material NUA) - YAM, RAV or Russian joint stock company which by the nature has limited specific activity, or YAM, RAV or Russian joint stock company to which limits of the established average specific activity are applied. The materials of external protection surrounding material NUA in case of determination of average specific activity are not considered. Materials NUA are included into one of three groups according to appendix 3 to these rules;

10) alpha emitters of low toxicity - natural uranium, the grown poor uranium, natural thorium, uranium-235 or uranium-238, thorium-232, the thorium-228 and thorium-230, containing in ores or in the form of physical and chemical concentrates; or alpha emitters with half-life period less than 10 days;

11) radiological contamination of surface - presence of YAM, RAV of technogenic origin on the surface of vehicles, cargo containers, container, transport packaging sets and other objects in the quantities exceeding 0,4 becquerel / сантиметр2 (further - Bq/cm 2) for beta, gamma and alpha emitters of low toxicity and 0,04 of Bq/cm2 for all other alpha emitters;

12) radioactive material with low capability to dispersion - firm the radioactive material which is not in powdery form or the solid radioactive material placed in pressure shell, having limited capability to dispersion, meeting the requirements of Item 24 of these rules;

13) safety index on criticality (further - IBK) - the transport packet or cargo container containing fissionable material, the number which is used for control of total quantity of the packagings, transport packets or cargo containers containing fissionable material established for packaging;

14) special conditions of transportation of YAM, RAV and/or Russian joint stock company (further - special conditions) - the conditions approved with authorized body in the field of use of atomic energy (further - authorized body) according to which YAM, RAV and/or Russian joint stock companies which are not meeting all applicable requirements of these rules are transported;

15) the program of radioactivity protection when transporting YAM, RAV and/or Russian joint stock company (further - the program of radioactivity protection) - the program of YAM which are systematically carried out in case of transportation, RAV and/or Russian joint stock company of actions for ensuring planning and accounting of measures of radioactivity protection.

Other terms used in these rules are applied according to the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan in the field of use of atomic energy.

Chapter 2. Production and servicing of transport packaging sets

5. Transport packaging sets are made of the materials providing biological protection against ionizing radiation and mechanical durability depending on type of transport packaging sets with the radioactive content which is in them. In case of production and servicing of transport packaging sets fulfillment of requirements of this Chapter is necessary.

Paragraph 1. Classification of transport packaging sets

6. Transport packaging sets with the radioactive content which is in them (further - packagings) are classified on the following types:

1) the exempted packaging - the transport packaging set containing YAM, RAV and/or Russian joint stock company with the activity which is not exceeding values of limits of activity for the exempted packagings specified in appendix 4 to these rules. The design of such transport packaging set meets general requirements to transport packaging sets and packagings according to Item 14 and the subitem 2) of Item 18 of these rules;

2) industrial package of type 1 (further - PU-1) - the transport packaging set containing the material NUA-I or OPRZ-I which design meets requirements of Items 14 and the subitem 2) of Item 18 of these rules;

3) industrial package of type 2 (further - PU-2) - the transport packaging set containing some material types of NUA-I, NUA-II, NUA-III or OPRZ-II according to appendix 5 to these rules which design meets requirements of Items 14, 16 and the subitem 2) of Item 18 of these rules;

4) industrial package of type 3 (further - PU-3) - the transport packaging set containing some material types of NUA-II or NUA-III according to appendix 5 to these rules which design meets requirements of Items 14, 16 and the subitem 2) of Item 18 of these rules;

5) packaging of type A - the transport packaging set containing YAM with activity to A2, PAB with activity to A1 values for radioactive material of special type or to A2 for other types according to appendix 1 (table 1 and 2) to these rules which design meets requirements of Items 14 and 18 of these rules;

6) packaging of type B - the transport packaging set containing YAM with the activity exceeding A2 values of major importances for radionuclides, RAV with the activity exceeding A1 values for radioactive material of special type or A2 for other types according to appendix 1 (table 1 and 2) to these rules which design meets requirements to packagings like B(U) or B (M) according to Items 19 and 20 of these rules;

7) packaging of type C - the transport packaging set containing YAM with activity, more than 3000A 2, of RAV with the activity exceeding 3000A1 or 100000A2 (depending on what value is lower) for radioactive material of special type and more than 3000A2 for other types according to appendix 1 (table 1 and 2) to these rules which design meets requirements to packagings of type C according to Item 20 of these rules.

7. The exempted packagings shall contain only those YAM, RAV and Russian joint stock company which are resolved for this design of packaging. At the same time the following requirements to quantity and parameters of the loaded YAM, RAV and/or Russian joint stock company are fulfilled:

1) for YAM, RAV and/or Russian joint stock company of others, than objects from natural uranium, the grown poor uranium or natural thorium, the exempted packaging shall not contain YAM, RAV and Russian joint stock company which activity exceeds the following values:

the activity limits for the exempted packagings specified in appendix 4 to these rules respectively for each separate subject and each packaging, for YAM, the RAV which is containing in the device or being part of the device or other industrial product, such as hours or the electronic equipment;

the activity limits for the exempted packagings specified in appendix 4 to these rules for YAM, RAV which is not used in the above-stated way;

Any quantity of the objects made of natural uranium, the grown poor uranium or natural thorium contain 2) under condition if the exterior surface of uranium or thorium is covered with the non-radioactive cover from metal or other strong material.

8. For packagings of the PU-1, PU-2 and PU-3 types total activity of materials NUA or OPRZ is limited so that the radiation levels specified in Item 85, and the limits of activity of NUA and OPRZ for vehicles specified in appendix 6 to these rules were not exceeded.

In case of transportation by air transport of the packagings containing the non-combustible solid materials NUA-II or NUA-III, their activity shall not exceed 3000A2.

9. Packagings of type A shall not contain:

1) HOLES which activity exceeds values A 2, of RAV which activity exceeds A1 values for radioactive material of special type of value and A2 for all other types;

2) HOLES, RAV and/or Russian joint stock company, form which physical or chemical condition differ from those which are resolved for this design of packaging.

10. The following condition is applied to mixes of radionuclides which composition and the corresponding activity are known to radioactive content of packaging of type A:

рис 1 183-21

where B(i) - activity of i-go of radionuclide as radioactive material of special type, and A1(i) represents A1 value for radionuclide i-go;

With (j) - activity of j-go of radionuclide as radioactive material of other, than radioactive material of special type, and A2(j) represents A2 value for radionuclide j-go.

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