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RESOLUTION OF THE MINISTRY OF EMERGENCY SITUATIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS

of May 17, 2021 No. 38

About approval of regulations and rules on ensuring nuclear and radiation safety

Based on item 4 of article 21 of the Law of the Republic of Belarus of June 18, 2019 No. 198-Z "About radiation safety", the paragraph of the fourth of part three of article 6 of the Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 30, 2008 No. 426-Z "About use of atomic energy", subitem 7.4 of Item 7 of the Regulations on the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus approved by the Presidential decree of the Republic of Belarus of December 29, 2006 No. 756, the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus DECIDES:

1. Approve regulations and rules on ensuring nuclear and radiation safety "Safety rules in case of storage and transportation of fresh nuclear fuel on subjects to use of atomic energy" (are attached).

2. Declare invalid the paragraph the fourth Item 1 of the resolution of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus of December 30, 2006 No. 72 "About approval of regulatory legal acts in the field of ensuring nuclear safety".

3. This resolution becomes effective after its official publication.

Minister

V. I. Sinyavsky

It is approved

Committee for State Security of the Republic of Belarus

 

Ministry of Architecture of the Republic of Belarus

 

Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Belarus

 

Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of the Republic of Belarus

 

Ministry of Health of the Republic of Belarus

 

 

Approved by the Resolution of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Republic of Belarus of May 17, 2021 No. 38

Regulations and rules on ensuring nuclear and radiation safety "Safety rules in case of storage and transportation of fresh nuclear fuel on subjects to use of atomic energy"

Chapter 1. General provisions

1. Regulations and rules on ensuring nuclear and radiation safety "Safety rules in case of storage and transportation of fresh nuclear fuel on subjects to use of atomic energy" (further - Rules) establish the main technical requirements to storage systems and the transportations of fresh nuclear fuel (further - SHTYaT) aimed at safety in case of storage and transportation of fresh nuclear fuel (further - SYaT) on subjects to use of atomic energy (further - OIAE).

2. These rules extend to nuclear power plants (further - the NPP), including separate storages in the territory of the NPP, research nuclear installations (further - IYaU).

3. These rules establish safety requirements to SYaT storages, and also to the equipment for storage and transportation of SYaT, including:

to cranes, captures, traverses, bars;

to platforms, carts and other vehicles;

to reloading devices and mechanisms;

to covers, racks for storage, to packagings, cases;

to drums of the heat-generating assemblies (further - TVS);

to devices for assembly and dismantling of TVS;

to stands for washing of TVS;

to stands for control TVS;

to inside transport packaging sets (further - VTUK).

4. For the purposes of these rules terms and their determinations in the values established by the Law of the Republic of Belarus of June 18, 2019 No. 198-Z "About radiation safety" and the Law of the Republic of Belarus of July 30, 2008 No. 426-Z "About use of atomic energy" and also the following terms and their determinations are used:

accident - violation of normal operation of SHTYaT in case of which there was exit of radioactive materials and (or) ionizing radiation for the borders provided by the SHTYaT project for normal operation in the quantities exceeding the set limits of safe operation; accident is characterized by initial event, ways of course and effects;

safe geometry - the geometrical parameters of the equipment for storage and transportation of SYaT excluding possibility of self-sustaining chain nuclear reaction (further - STsR) in case of normal operation, violations of normal operation and PA;

VTUK - the complex of the technical means used for placement of SYaT, ensuring nuclear and radiation safety, and also safety of SYaT in case of storage and transportation of SYaT on the territory of OIAE;

temporary placement of SYaT - placement of SYaT in the places determined by the OIAE project out of storages;

group of packagings - set of packagings which are allowed to be stored and transported without restriction of mutual placement, except the restrictions created by structural elements of packaging set;

beyond design basis accident (further - ZPA) - the accident caused by the initial events which are not considered for PA or followed by failures of the system of safety, additional in comparison with PA, over single refusal, implementation of wrong solutions of personnel;

initial event - single refusal in SHTYaT, external impact or human error which lead to violation of normal operation and can lead to violation of limits and (or) conditions of normal operation; the initial event includes all dependent refusals which are its consequence;

IYaU - nuclear installation as a part of which the research reactor either critical assembly or subcritical assembly and complex of rooms, systems, elements and experimental devices are provided, with necessary personnel, located within the territory (IYaU platform) determined by the project, held for use neutrons and ionizing radiation in the research purposes;

the SHTYaT complex - set of systems, devices, the elements intended for storage, loading, unloading, transportation and control SYaT;

regulation of storage (transportation) of SYaT - the number of SYaT which is allowed to be stored (to transport) taking into account restrictions for its arrangement;

limits of safe operation - the parameter values of engineering procedure established by the project from which variations can lead to accident;

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