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FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of July 2, 2021 No. 296-FZ

About emission limitation of greenhouse gases

Accepted by the State Duma on June 1, 2021

Approved by the Federation Council on June 23, 2021

Article 1. Legal regulation of the relations connected with emission limitation of greenhouse gases

1. This Federal Law determines bases of legal regulation of the relations in the field of economic and other activity which is followed by emissions of greenhouse gases and is performed in the territory of the Russian Federation, and also on the continental shelf, in exclusive economic zone of the Russian Federation, the Russian sector of the Caspian Sea.

2. The purpose of this Federal Law is creation of conditions for the sustainable and balanced development of economy of the Russian Federation in case of decrease in level of emissions of greenhouse gases.

3. The legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of emission limitation of greenhouse gases is based on provisions of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, international treaties of the Russian Federation and consists of this Federal Law and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation accepted according to it.

Article 2. The basic concepts used in this Federal Law

For the purposes of this Federal Law the following basic concepts are used:

1) greenhouse gases - gaseous substances of natural or anthropogenous origin which absorb and pereizluchat infrared radiation;

2) the inventory of anthropogenic emissions from sources and absorption by absorbers of greenhouse gases (further - the greenhouse gas inventory) - the systematized code of the data containing the description of emissions of greenhouse gases and absorption of greenhouse gases based on official statistical information;

3) the regulated organizations - legal entities and individual entrepreneurs whose economic and other activity is followed by emissions of greenhouse gases which lot is determined according to article 7 of this Federal Law;

4) emissions of greenhouse gases - emissions in atmospheric air of the greenhouse gases formed as a result of implementation of economic and other activity for certain interval of time;

5) absorption of greenhouse gases - natural (natural) process or type of economic and other activity from which result extraction from atmospheric air of greenhouse gases and their accumulating in other components of the environment, natural, natural and anthropogenous and anthropogenous objects;

6) the register of emissions of greenhouse gases - the state information system containing reports on emissions of greenhouse gases;

7) the climatic project - complex of the actions providing reducing (prevention) emissions of greenhouse gases or increase in absorption of greenhouse gases;

8) the contractor of the climatic project - the legal entity, the individual entrepreneur or physical person realizing the climatic project;

9) carbon unit - the verified result of implementation of the climatic project expressed in the mass of greenhouse gases, equivalent 1 ton of carbon dioxide;

10) verification of results of implementation of the climatic project - check and confirmation of data on reducing (prevention) emissions of greenhouse gases or about increase in absorption of greenhouse gases as a result of implementation of the climatic project;

11) the owner of carbon units - the legal entity, the individual entrepreneur or physical person which belong carbon units;

12) the register of carbon units - the information system in which climatic projects are registered and is recorded carbon units and transactions with them;

13) the operator - the legal entity authorized by the Government of the Russian Federation on maintaining the register of carbon units;

14) the account in the register of carbon units - record which contains in the register of carbon units and is used for accounting of carbon units and carrying out transactions with them;

15) the account of retirement - the specialized account in the register of carbon units intended for offsetting of carbon units;

16) the address of carbon units - set of the operations performed by transfer of carbon units;

17) the participant of the address of carbon units - the legal entity, the individual entrepreneur or the physical person who are the contractor of the climatic project, and (or) the owner of carbon units, and (or) person having the account in the register of carbon units;

18) transactions with carbon units - the actions with carbon units registered in the register of carbon units;

19) offsetting of carbon units - cancellation of carbon units by their write-off from the account of the owner of carbon units and transfer into the account of retirement;

20) carbon trace - the total amount of emissions of greenhouse gases and absorption of the greenhouse gases which are formed in course of production of products or during rendering services which includes the direct emissions of greenhouse gases (formed as a result of implementation of economic and other activity), the indirect emissions of greenhouse gases (connected with consumption of electrical, heat energy, other resources used for ensuring economic and other activity and received from external objects), absorption of greenhouse gases as a result of implementation of economic and other activity, taking into account carbon units concerning which offsetting is made.

Article 3. Principles of emission limitation of greenhouse gases

The emission limitation of greenhouse gases is performed with respect for the following principles:

1) ensuring the sustainable and balanced development of economy of the Russian Federation in case of decrease in level of emissions of greenhouse gases;

2) obligation of regular submission by the regulated organizations of reports on emissions of greenhouse gases;

3) obligation of accomplishment of target indicators of emission reduction of greenhouse gases;

4) voluntariness of implementation of climatic projects;

5) scientific justification, systemacity and complexity of approach to emission limitation of greenhouse gases.

Article 4. Measures for emission limitation of greenhouse gases

1. Measures for emission limitation of greenhouse gases include:

1) state accounting of emissions of greenhouse gases;

2) establishment of target indicators of emission reduction of greenhouse gases;

3) support in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation activities for emission reduction of greenhouse gases and increase in absorption of greenhouse gases.

2. Public administration in the field of emission limitation of greenhouse gases is exercised of the Government of the Russian Federation directly or through the federal executive body authorized by the Government of the Russian Federation (further - authorized federal executive body).

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