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of May 7, 2021 No. 99-Z

About personal data protection

(as amended of the Law of the Republic of Belarus of 01.06.2022 No. 175-Z)

Accepted by the House of Representatives on April 2, 2021

Approved by Council of the Republic on April 21, 2021

This Law is aimed at providing personal data protection, the rights and freedoms of physical persons when processing their personal data.

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. The main terms used in this Law and their determinations

In this Law the following main terms and their determinations are used:

biometric personal data - information characterizing physiological and biological features of the person which is used for its unique identification (fingerprints of hands, palms, iris of the eye of eye, the characteristic of person and its image and another);

blocking of personal data - the termination of access to personal data without their removal;

genetic personal data - information relating to the inherited or acquired genetic characteristics of the person which contains unique data on its physiology or health and can be revealed, in particular, in case of research of its biological sample;

depersonalization of personal data - actions as a result of which becomes impossible without use of the additional information to determine accessory of personal data to the specific subject of personal data;

processing of personal data - any action or set of actions made with personal data including collection, systematization, storage, change, use, depersonalization, blocking, distribution, provision, removal of personal data;

public personal data - the personal data extended by the subject of personal data or from its consent or extended according to requirements of legal acts;

the operator - state body, the legal entity of the Republic of Belarus, other organization, physical person, including the individual entrepreneur (further if other is not determined, - physical person), independently or together with other specified persons organizing and (or) performing processing of personal data;

personal data - any information relating to the identified physical person or physical person which can be identified;

provision of personal data - the actions directed to acquaintance with personal data certain person or the group of people;

distribution of personal data - the actions directed to acquaintance with personal data of the uncertain group of people;

special personal data - the personal data concerning racial or national identity, political views, membership in labor unions, religious or other beliefs, health or sex life, attraction to administrative or criminal liability and also biometric and genetic personal data;

the subject of personal data - physical person concerning which processing of personal data is performed;

cross-border transfer of personal data - transfer of personal data on the territory of foreign state;

removal of personal data - actions as a result of which becomes impossible to recover personal data in information resources (systems) containing personal data and (or) as a result of which material carriers of personal data are destroyed;

the authorized person - state body, the legal entity of the Republic of Belarus, other organization, physical person which according to the act of the legislation, the decision of the state body which is the operator or based on the contract with the operator perform processing of personal data on behalf of the operator or in its interests;

physical person which can be identified, - physical person which can be directly or indirectly determined, in particular through surname, own name, middle name, birth date, identification number or through one or several signs characteristic of its physical, psychological, intellectual, economic, cultural or social identity.

Article 2. Subject of regulation of this Law

1. This Law governs the relations connected with personal data protection in case of their processing performed:

with use of the automation equipment;

without use of the automation equipment if at the same time search of personal data and (or) access to them in certain criteria are provided (card-indexes, lists, databases, magazines and another).


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