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Ministry of Justice

Republic of Tajikistan 

 On April 26, 2021 No. 25

LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN

of April 20, 2021 No. 1773

About judicial authorities of the Republic of Tajikistan

Accepted by the Resolution MH MOPT of March 3, 2021, No. 332

Approved by the Resolution MM MORT of April 16, 2021, No. 137

This Law determines the legal basis, the principles and activities, the organizations, system, structure, powers, service in judicial authorities, and also procedure for financial, material and technical supply of judicial authorities.

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. Judicial authorities of the Republic of Tajikistan

Judicial authorities of the Republic of Tajikistan (further - judicial authorities) are executive body of the government which within the powers perform ensuring realization of state policy in spheres of rule-making, legal support of the international relations, accounting, state registration, systematization of regulatory legal acts and control of law-making activities, legal assistance to citizens, legal promotion, execution of criminal penalties, judicial examination, civil registration and other spheres determined by the legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan.

Article 2. Legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan on judicial authorities of the Republic of Tajikistan

The legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan on judicial authorities of the Republic of Tajikistan is based on the Constitution of the Republic of Tajikistan and consists of this Law, other regulatory legal acts of the Republic of Tajikistan, and also the international legal acts recognized by Tajikistan.

Article 3. Principles of activities of judicial authorities

Activities of judicial authorities are based on the following principles:

1) rule of the Constitution and laws of the Republic of Tajikistan;

2) priority of rights and freedoms of man and citizen;

3) equality of all before the law;

4) humanity and social justice;

5) the transparency of service in judicial authorities, except for the activities constituting state and other protected by the law, the state secret;

6) unity of system of judicial authorities;

7) interaction with law enforcement agencies, other state bodies, legal entities and civil society;

8) protection of the state and public concerns;

9) professionalism and competence of employees of judicial authorities;

10) nonpartisanship.

Article 4. Activities of judicial authorities

Activities of judicial authorities are:

1) ensuring realization of single state policy in the rule-making sphere;

2) participation in law-making activities of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan and the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan by means of development and provision of projects of regulatory legal acts, conducting legal examination of projects of regulatory legal acts, ensuring compliance of regulatory legal acts of the Republic of Tajikistan to the international legal acts recognized by Tajikistan;

3) accounting of regulatory legal acts;

4) conducting check, the state anti-corruption examination of regulatory legal acts of obligatory nature of the ministries, state committees, bodies in case of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan, bodies under the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan, National Bank of Tajikistan, Agency for nuclear and radiation safety of National academy of Sciences of Tajikistan, local authorities of the government, self-government institutions of settlements and villages and their registration;

5) maintaining the Single all-legal qualifier of the Republic of Tajikistan;

6) systematization and maintaining control copies of regulatory legal acts;

7) maintaining centralized bank of legal information of the Republic of Tajikistan;

8) official publication of regulatory legal acts;

9) check and control of law-making activities of the ministries, state committees, bodies in case of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan, bodies under the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan, National Bank of Tajikistan, local authorities of the government, self-government institutions of settlements and villages for regulatory legal acts of obligatory nature;

10) ensuring legal activities of the Republic of Tajikistan at the international level, participation in preparation and the conclusion of international treaties within the powers;

11) realization of state policy in the sphere of rendering legal assistance, rendering legal services, legal training and education and legal promotion;

12) ensuring activities of notariate and bodies of civil registration;

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