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ORDER OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN

of June 3, 2006 No. 239

About the State program of training of qualified personnel in the field of culture, art and polygraphy for 2007-2010

According to article 17 of the Constitutional law of the Republic of Tajikistan "About the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan", article 8 of the Law of the Republic of Tajikistan "About state forecasts, concepts and programs of social and economic development of the Republic of Tajikistan" and for the purpose of preparation of industry personnel in the field of culture, art and polygraphy in and outside the country, the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan decides providing industry organizations with experienced specialists:

1. Approve the enclosed State program of training of qualified personnel in the field of culture, art and polygraphy for 2007-2010.

2. To the Ministry of Economy and Trade of the Republic of Tajikistan and the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Tajikistan in case of development of the forecast of social and economic development and preparation of the draft of the government budget on 2007 and the next years to take necessary measures within the means provided on these purposes for implementation of actions of the Program of training of qualified personnel in the field of culture, art and polygraphy for 2007-2010.

3. To the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Tajikistan, the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Tajikistan to take specific measures for implementation of this Program.

 

Prime Minister

Republic of Tajikistan E.Rakhmonov

Approved by the order of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan of June 3, 2006 No. 239

The state program of training of highly qualified personnel in the field of culture, art and polygraphy for 2007-2010

 

Introduction

The state program of training of qualified personnel in the field of culture, art and polygraphy for 2007-2010 (dalee-Programma) years is developed on the basis of the order of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan of February 2, 2005 No. 50 "About results of social and economic development of the Republic of Tajikistan in 2004 and tasks for 2005". Its main objective is assistance to enhancement of forms of education of the creative specialist, requirements satisfaction of creative educational institutions by highly qualified specialists of culture, art and polygraphy, strengthening of material and scientific and methodical base of average and higher educational institutions of culture, also material and moral incentive of teachers.

The present condition of cultural institutions, arts and polygraphies requires that problems of education of personnel of this sphere found the solution at the national level.

After disintegration of the Soviet state there were processes which caused significant damage in the field of culture: part of creative potential emigrated out of republic limits that led to weakening of activities of cultural institutions and their material and technical resources. Further cultural development and arts met difficulties. Such provision became obvious from the first steps of the independent state of Tajikistan and required the solution.

For short term questions of culture and art were lifted to the high national level and at present take important position in structure of public administration. The transformations performed in recent years in this direction such as giving of the national status to Republican library of Abulkosy Firdousi, to the Republican museum of Kamol Bekhzod, ensembles Shashmaky and Falak; the organization of the Tajik national Conservatory, Republican choreographic College is the worthy answer to requirements of time.

The analysis of problem shows that nowadays professional knowledge of artists and culture not quite conform to the increased modern requirements. It means that today education of personnel first of all is urgent for the sphere of culture.

Within 70 years of last century proper significance was not attached to education of national personnel in the field of culture and art as true value of the state property.

The present condition of professional theaters, spheres of opera and ballet art, symphonic, variety and national orchestras, teachers of special music schools of initial, average and top management, demonstrates that today professional and musical art is not provided with specialists.

It is known that for education of one professional specialist in the field of art years are required. The special training system under the name "Ustod-shogird" ("maestro journeyman") practiced in national traditions of the Tajik people within many centuries. In present conditions the educational institutes providing training of specialists on three-stage model: initial, average, the highest, in certain measure recreated this tradition. It is nowadays necessary that special musical boarding school of M. Sabirova performing the main objectives, increased admittance of students not only at the expense of residents of the capital, but also from among exceptional children from the remote regions of Tajikistan. Foundation of college of arts in the city of Khorog also is the insistent requirement of time.

Creation of three-level form of education also timely for education of personnel of art professions. Purposeful opening of Academy of fine arts in the capital of the republic, the organization of craft lyceums in the cities of Istaravshan and Kulob will become good base for future development of such form of education,

In the field of theater, cinema, circus and polygraphy along with the preserving national traditions urgent development and implementation in Tajikistan of the modern international standards in particular connected with development of new technologies and specialties of industry is.

According to the requirement of time and the cultural policy pursued by the independent state of Tajikistan became today necessary to enter considerable transformations in system of culture and national Tajik art. The essence of these transformations can be expressed two specific theses:

- preparation, personnel;

- systematic increase in level of professionalism;

For achievement of effective results solutions of question of training of specialists on culture and art as within the country, and beyond its limits are possible. If today training of specialists is within the country possible by means of

- three-stage education;

- retrainings of teachers;

- the invitation of foreign specialists, abroad Tajikistan needs the following forms of training of specialists on culture and art:

- training in higher educational institutions;

- training in postgraduate study and doctoral studies;

- retraining and other forms of advanced training in educational institutions and the famous on-stage performance groups.

This Program developed for 2007-2010 provides training in 7 countries of the abroad of 167 students in 57 specialties in the field of culture, art and polygraphy.

I.Основная Program purpose:

For the purpose of enhancement of training in the field of culture, arts and polygraphies and compliance to their requirements of science and practicians, to international standards, it is necessary to perform specific actions:

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