of May 3, 2006 No. 183
About approval of the Concept of state policy of assistance of employment of the population of the Republic of Tajikistan for 2006-2012
(In edition of the Order of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan of 30.06.2007 No. 368)
According to article 12 of the Law of the Republic of Tajikistan "About assistance of employment of the population" the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan, decides:
1. Approve the Concept of state policy of assistance of employment of the population of the Republic of Tajikistan for 2006-2012 it (is applied).
2. To the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection of the population of the Republic of Tajikistan together with the ministries, departments and local executive bodies of the government to prepare the draft of the National implementation plan of the concept of state policy of assistance of employment of the population of the Republic of Tajikistan for 2006-2012 and till July 1, 2006 to submit the Governments of the Republic of Tajikistan for consideration.
Governments of the Republic of Tajikistan E.Rakhmonov
Approved the order of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan of May 3, 2006 No. 183
During acquisition of independence of the Republic of Tajikistan, in the course of transition to market economy there were considerable social and economic changes which qualitatively changed the employment level and welfare of the people in the country.
During this period the big industrial and agro-industrial enterprises in which the most part of labor power of the republic was employed were liquidated or stopped the activities. As a result level to unemployment increased, and the unofficial sector of economy and external labor migration promptly began to develop.
Besides, Tajikistan really is the country which is steadily developing manpower. For example during 2005 manpower reserves of the country increased by one thousand 119,6, and reached 3900,0 of thousand people. Increase in able-bodied population and uneven demand and offers at labor power, will lead to increase in level of official unemployment.
There is number of problems, the populations inappropriate to employment to market economy, from among neediness of fruitful employment and preserving large number of workers, untimely salary payment, nesootvetsivy communications between share of the spent work of the worker and his payment, influences growth of economy and ensuring fruitful employment of the population.
Insufficiency of the mechanism of providing right to work, weak control over procedure and protection of work influences responsibility of employers for preserving and observance of the obligations concerning working on hiring. As a result growth of official employment decreases and process of regulation of employment of the population is at a loss. For example, decrease in share of employment in the budget health sector, educations, cultures and sciences twice is observed in recent years.
The analysis of economic condition in 2001-2005 confirms improvement of growth of national economy, success almost in all its industries is gradually achieved.
In 2005 production of gross domestic product reached 7201, 1 million somoni that increased by % 6,7 in comparison with 2004, the rate of inflation remains at the previous level, 1.6%. The macroeconomic condition of the republic becomes stronger, improvement of financial structure assists increase in the production rate in all industries of economy, the income increased and the level of poverty of the population decreased.
Studying of condition of employment of the population about possibility of creation of workplaces in general in all industries of economy shows that there is sufficient experience in this direction, the possibility of complete and its fruitful application which leads to scope of official employment of the population extends.
The analysis of condition of system of employment of the population in the republic shows that capabilities of the created and emerging market of work are insufficient for self-regulation therefore there is need of state regulation for this sphere.
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