of October 15, 2020 No. ZRU-641
About the rights of persons with disability
Accepted by Legislative house on July 22, 2020
Approved by the Senate on September 11, 2020
The purpose of this Law is regulation of the relations in the field of providing the rights of persons with disability.
The legislation on the rights of persons with disability consists of this Law and other acts of the legislation.
If the international treaty of the Republic of Uzbekistan establishes other rules, than those which are stipulated by the legislation the Republic of Uzbekistan about the rights of persons with disability then are applied rules of the international treaty.
In this Law the following basic concepts are applied:
discrimination on the basis of disability - any isolation, exception, discharge, restriction on the disability reason, the purpose or which denial of recognition or realization on an equal basis with others is result of the rights and freedoms of persons with disability in political, economic, social, cultural, civil or other sphere;
children (child) with disability - persons aged up to eighteen years which in connection with restriction of activity owing to availability of permanent physical, intellectual, touch (sensual) or mental violations need the public assistance and protection of the rights and legitimate interests from the state and society;
person with disability - person with permanent physical, intellectual, touch (sensual) or mental violations needing the public assistance and protection, creation of conditions for complete and effective participation on an equal basis with others in political, economic, social life of society and state;
social protection of persons with disability - system of the economic, social and legal measures guaranteed by the state providing to persons with disability of condition for overcoming, replacement (compensation) of restrictions of activity and the opportunities of participation in life of society and state, equal with other citizens, directed to creation to them;
public associations of persons with disability - the non-state non-profit organizations created by persons with disability for the purpose of protection of the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of persons with disability, providing with it opportunities of participation in life of society and state, equal with other citizens;
prosthetic and orthopedic products - the products intended for replacement of the absent extremities or other parts of body, compensating broken or the lost functions of organism;
sign language translation - translation method by means of the tactile alphabet and (or) sign language from any language;
surdotekhnichesky means - the technical means for correction and compensation of defects of hearing including strengthening means of communication and information transfers;
medico-social examination - determination on the basis of the complex assessment of kliniko-functional, social, professional and labor and psychological data of osvidetelstvuyemy person, extent of loss of health and extent of restriction of its activity caused by permanent disorder of functions of organism, group of disability, the reason and time of its approach and also issue of recommendations about possible for person for health reasons types of labor activity and necessary working conditions, the need for foreign leaving, the corresponding types of sanatorium treatment and social protection;
tiflotekhnichesky means - the funds allocated for correction and compensation of the lost opportunities of persons with disability as a result of visual impairment;
restriction of activity of person - complete or partial loss by person of capability or opportunity to perform self-service, movement, orientation, communication, control of the behavior, and also to be engaged in training and labor activity.
The basic principles of providing the rights of persons with disability are:
respect of advantage of persons with disability, their independence, liberty of choice;
non-admission of discrimination on the basis of disability;
equal opportunities in case of realization of human rights and freedoms;
respect of the developing capabilities of children with disability and their rights to keep the identity;
availability of objects and services;
involvement of persons with disability in life of society and state.
The respect of advantage of persons with disability, their independence, liberty of choice is provided with establishment of guarantees of protection and realization of the rights and freedoms of persons with disability and their families on an equal basis with other citizens.
Any isolation, exception, discharge, restriction or preference concerning persons with disability, and also refusal of creation of conditions for access for persons with disability to objects and services is forbidden.
The special measures aimed at providing equal opportunities for persons with disability and their involvement in life of society and state are not considered discrimination concerning other citizens.
The equal opportunities in case of realization of the rights and freedoms of persons with disability are provided by implementation of measures for creation of guarantees of availability to them and provision of equal access to objects and services, social, economic and cultural spheres, health care, education, employment, and also information and means of communication.
Children with disability have in full all human rights and freedoms on an equal basis with other children.
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