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LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA

of December 19, 2019 No. 182

About quality of drinking water

(as amended of the Law of the Republic of Moldova of 20.07.2023 No. 216)

The parliament adopts this organic law.

This law shifts the Directive 98/83/EU of Council of November 3, 1998 about quality of the water intended for the use by people published in the Official magazine of the European communities L 330 of December 5, 1998 and partially shifts the Directive 2013/51/Evratom Council of October 22, 2013 about establishment of requirements for public health care for radioactive materials in the water intended for the use by people, published in the Official magazine of the European Union by L 296 of November 7, 2013.

Chapter I General provisions

Article 1. Subject, purpose and tasks of the law

(1) This law establishes the legal basis of quality of drinking water, and also measure from responsible bodies for ensuring compliance of quality of drinking water.

(2) the Purpose of this law is long-term ensuring compliance of quality of drinking water by creation of the flexible and transparent legal basis and support of proper risk management.

(3) the Task of this law is protection of human health against negative consequences of infection of drinking water by ensuring its safety and purity.

Article 2. Concepts

For the purposes of this law the used concepts mean the following:

drinking water – the water intended for the use by people namely:

a) any kind of natural water or water after the processing used for drink, cooking, personal hygiene, hygiene of housing or household objects irrespective of its origin and from whether it is delivered by means of distribution network, from source or the reservoir or is distributed in bottles or in other reservoirs;

b) the water used in the food industry for production, conversion, conservation or sales of products or the substances intended for the use by people;

house distributive system – set of the pipelines, armature and devices established between cranes of drinking water and external distribution network if the operator according to the Law on public service of water supply and the sewerage No. 303/2013 is not responsible for them;

the plan of safety of drinking water – the risk management plan for system of drinking water supply with identification at each stage of drinking water supply of risks which can affect quality of water and human health, and the measures promoting reduction of risks and management of them.

Article 3. Exceptions

(1) Provisions of this law do not extend to the following types of waters:

a) the natural mineral waters recognized by those competent authorities according to the legislation;

b) the waters having medicinal properties according to the provisions established by the law, and the regulating documents on medical mineral waters approved by the Government;

c) drinking water from the producers of water delivering on average less than 10 cubic meters a day or serving less than 50 people, except as specified, when production of water is part of business or state activity. Sizes of parameters of quality of water of these systems affirm the Government with provisional estimate of risks, without threat for health of consumers.

(2) For stipulated in Item c) parts (1) cases the National agency of public health, including through the territorial subdivisions, informs the corresponding population on these exceptions and on measures which can be accepted for protection of health against side effects owing to any kind of infection of drinking water. If it is determined that such water on the quality constitutes potential danger for human health, to potentially affected population the corresponding recommendations according to Sanitary regulations about the supervision and monitoring of quality of drinking water approved by the Government are without delay made.

Chapter II of the Condition of quality of drinking water

Article 4. General obligations

(1) Drinking water shall be revitalizing and net in case of observance of the following conditions:

a) in it there shall be no microorganisms, parasites or substances which by the quantities or kontsentrayotion constitute potential danger for human health;

b) meet the minimum requirements provided in tables 1A, 1B, 2 and 3 of appendix;

c) observe provisions of Articles 5-7, 9 and 11.

(Measures for application of this law shall not lead 2) to quality degradation of drinking water which can affect human health, or to increase in level of pollution of the water used for production of drinking water directly or indirectly.

Article 5. Quality of drinking water

(1) Quality of drinking water (including hot water) shall correspond to sizes, the application of parameters installed for predusyomotrenny. Sizes of the indicator parameters provided in the table 3 appendices are established for the purpose of quality evaluation of drinking water in programs of moniyotoring and accomplishment of the obligations provided by this law.

(2) the Government approves sizes of the additional parameters which are not included in appendix if it is required by measures for protection of public health. The approved sizes shall meet conditions, stipulated in Item and) parts (1) Article 4.

Article 6. Compliance point

(1) Quality of drinking water is corresponding if the qualities of size established for parameters correspond to the indicators specified in appendix in the following sampling points:

a) at the exit from the consumer's crane, in point of entry to the building and at street distribution columns in case of water inflow from distributive system;

b) in water exit point from reservoirs/tanks in case drinking water is delivered thus;

c) in point in which water spreads in bottles or in other reservoirs intended for realization in case of bottled drinking water;

d) in point of selection of water for use in production process at the companies of the food industry.

(2) If in stipulated in Item and) parts (1) cases it is determined that sizes of parameters do not fit into the sizes established by appendix because of house raspredeyolitelny system or method of its content, are considered executed assigned to the producer, according to the operator, the obligation, except as specified, when water is delivered directly to consumers, and the producer, respectively the operator, is responsible also for content of internal networks.

(3) in case of establishment by the provided part (2) situations arrive as follows:

a) operators notify bodies of local public authority and/or owners on proper measures on recovery and content of network or about the corresponding methods of processing which should be applied to decrease or exception of risk of discrepancy to parameters of quality of drinking water, at the same time informing the National agency of public health;

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