of December 31, 2019 No. 1045
About approval of the State program on realization of language policy in the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2020 - 2025
The government of the Republic of Kazakhstan DECIDES:
1. Approve the enclosed State program on realization of language policy in the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2020 - 2025 (further - the Program).
2. To the central, local executive bodies, state bodies, directly subordinate and accountable to the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan (in coordination), and to other organizations (in coordination) to take measures for program implementation.
3. To responsible central, local executive bodies, state bodies, directly subordinate and accountable to the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan (in coordination), and to other organizations (in coordination) to provide information according to the order of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan of November 29, 2017 to No. 790 "About approval of System of state planning in the Republic of Kazakhstan".
4. To impose control of execution of this resolution on the Ministry of Culture and sport of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Prime Minister of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Approved by the Order of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan of December 31, 2019 No. 1045
Name of the Program
The state program on realization of language policy in the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2020-2025
Bases for development
The program is developed according to Articles 7, 93 Constitutions of the Republic of Kazakhstan; The Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of July 11, 1997 "About languages in the Republic of Kazakhstan"; The Strategic plan of development of the Republic of Kazakhstan till 2025 approved by the Presidential decree of the Republic of Kazakhstan of February 15, 2018 No. 636; The Message of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan – the Leader Nation of N. A. Nazarbayev to the people of Kazakhstan of December 14, 2012 "Strategy Kazakhstan-2050: new political policy of the taken place state" and program Article of April 12, 2017 "Prospection: upgrade of public consciousness"; The Message of the Head of state K. K. Tokayev to the people of Kazakhstan "Constructive public dialogue – basis of stability and prosperity of Kazakhstan".
State body responsible for development of the Program
Ministry for Culture and Sports of the Republic of Kazakhstan
State bodies responsible for program implementation
Central state bodies and local executive bodies
Purpose: maintaining the harmonious language policy directed to upgrade of Kazakh on the basis of the latinografichesky alphabet, further increase in language culture and development of the language capital, providing full activities of Kazakh as state language
1. Upgrade of Kazakh on the basis of the latinografichesky alphabet
1) share of the participants of written communication using the latinografichesky alphabet in: in 2022 – 10%, in 2023 – 20%, in 2024 – 30%, in 2025 – 50%;
Sources and amounts of financing
In 2020-2025 funds republican and local budgets, and also other means which are not forbidden by the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan will be allocated for program implementation. Total costs from the government budget on program implementation constitute the 16th 989, 9 million tenges.
The state program on realization of language policy in the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2020-2025 (further - the Program) is developed according to Articles 7, 93 Constitutions of the Republic of Kazakhstan; The Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan of July 11, 1997 "About languages in the Republic of Kazakhstan"; The Strategic plan of development of the Republic of Kazakhstan till 2025 approved by the Presidential decree of the Republic of Kazakhstan of February 15, 2018 No. 636; The Message of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan - the Leader Nation of N. A. Nazarbayev to the people of Kazakhstan of December 14, 2012 "Strategy Kazakhstan-2050: new political policy of the taken place state" and program Article of April 12, 2017 "Prospection: upgrade of public consciousness"; The Message of the Head of state K. K. Tokayev to the people of Kazakhstan "Constructive public dialogue - basis of stability and prosperity of Kazakhstan" of September 2, 2019.
The specified regulating documents determine main objectives and tasks of this Program for the questions provided below.
In article 3 of the Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan it is determined: "State language in the Republic of Kazakhstan - Kazakh. The state cares for creation of conditions for studying and development of languages of the people of Kazakhstan". Also in Article 93 it is told: "For the purpose of implementation of article 7 of the Constitution the Government, local representative and executive bodies shall create all necessary organizational, material and specifications for free and free acquisition of state language all citizens of the Republic of Kazakhstan according to the special law". These provisions of the Constitution are the main basis for development and implementation of this Program.
Basis for realization of the first direction of the "Upgrade of Kazakh on the basis of the Latinografichesky Alphabet" Program and the third direction "Development of the Language Capital of Citizens of Kazakhstan" are the tasks specified in the Items 6.7 "Language Upgrade" and 6.8 "Initiative of ensuring access to the best world knowledge" of the Strategic plan of development of the Republic of Kazakhstan till 2025. These tasks of the Strategic plan of development: the maximum scope of the population with opportunities of training in foreign languages, in particular will be provided to English. Implementation trekhjyazychiya by experience Nazarbayev of Intellectual schools at all education levels will continue. Within the program step-by-step transfer of the Kazakh alphabet on Latin graphics will be made. Within this initiative it is important to provide synthesis of positive elements of the best world practice with the existing cultural and educational models and standards. For this purpose the best books on public and to the humanities will be translated into Kazakh.
Also all directions of the Program, especially the first direction including tasks on upgrade of Kazakh by transition of the Kazakh alphabet to Latin graphics provide accomplishment of the order of the First President of the Republic of Kazakhstan - the Leader Nation of N. A. Nazarbayev this in program Article "Prospection: upgrade of public consciousness": "It is necessary to begin work for phased transition of Kazakh on Latin. We very carefully and tactfully approached this question. Here the quiet phasing is necessary. And we prepared for it with care all years of Independence".
The program provides implementation of the tasks designated in the Message of the Head of state K. K. Tokayev of September 2, 2019 to the people of Kazakhstan "Constructive public dialogue - basis of stability and prosperity of Kazakhstan". The head of state noted that on the basis of specific measures it is necessary to create conditions for development of language and culture of ethnic groups of the country and to strengthen Kazakh role as language of international communication.
In this regard, necessary measures for full functioning of the state language having deep historical, cultural and psychological base as language of interethnic communication in the territory of Kazakhstan are provided in the Program.
Also the Program is basis of creating favorable conditions for development of languages and culture of ethnic groups, including enhancement of the linguistic capital of citizens of the country.
The program is developed taking into account the current language situation, and also opinion and the offer of the expert community dealing with issues of language, language construction and language policy.
In case of development of the Program results of implementation of the previous program - the State program of development and functioning of languages in the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2011-2019 are in detail analysed, experience over 20 foreign countries in the field of legal regulation of the state language policy is studied.
The purposes planned in the Program and tasks are implemented through the Actions plan developed by authorized state body for the entire period of program implementation and approved by the order of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
All actions provided by the Program are based on priority of development of state language as most important factor of nation-wide and national identity and directed to full-fledged satisfaction of spiritual and cultural and linguistic needs of citizens. The program is built in strict compliance with article 7 of the Constitution and the resolution of the Constitutional Council of the Republic of Kazakhstan of February 23, 2007 No. 3.
Efficiency of program implementation will be provided by enhancement of necessary regulatory framework and integration of the main program objectives and tasks in strategic plans of state bodies, and also the complex measures provided within this Program.
The system of actions of the Program is oriented generally to adult population with partial scope of citizens of the Republic of Kazakhstan in preschool, school, average special and higher educational institutions.
At the same time, common efforts of all state bodies and business entities of the republic, including the national companies and financial organizations are necessary for achievement of practical results of these actions.
The program assumes the following development of industry:
implementation of measures for strengthening of the regulatory base of state language and its enhancement by tool methods (motivation, encouragement, etc.), expansion of the sphere of use in the field of science and education, economy, finance and management, legal proceedings and the legislation, and also media and Internet space;
support of measures for research of grammatical, lexicological and phraseological, including terminological and onomastichesky resources of Kazakh, and also promoting of new scientific and linguistic knowledge by means of scientific, popular scientific literature, Internet resources, online of textbooks, orthological and other benefits;
implementation of works on expansion of application of Kazakh at the international communication venues and to its teaching abroad;
implementation of measures for forming, the organization, regulation and development of latinografichesky space of Kazakh at domestic and international communication venues;
implementation of package of measures, directed to strengthening of the status, expansion of functioning of Kazakh as language of interethnic communication in the territory of Kazakhstan;
creation of conditions for preserving languages of the ethnoses creating language variety of culture of Kazakhstan.
Creation of favorable social and language space in the Republic of Kazakhstan is adjusted by step-by-step realization of language policy.
Ensuring full functioning of state language as important factor of strengthening of national identity when preserving languages of all ethnoses living in Kazakhstan was the purpose of the State program of development and functioning of languages in the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2011-2019.
Results of implementation of this Program provided further development of language construction in the Republic of Kazakhstan:
1) infrastructure of training in state language is significantly expanded: the organizations with Kazakh of training and education - 5644, schools-3798, the centers of training in state language - 90;
2) transfer of clerical work on state language (in state bodies the specific weight of outgoing documents in Kazakh makes about 93%) is actively made;
3) 246 publishing projects among which there are 72 methodologies, 49 books for children, 46 industry dictionaries and 70 informative, scientific, publicistic books are realized. The one-volume big explanatory dictionary of Kazakh "The Cossack sozd_g і" and the educational complex "Danalyk Al_ppes _" developed on innovative basis is issued;
4) number of teleprojects is realized: reality show, lessons of studying of Kazakh, animation movies, etc.;
5) the multi-level system of assessment of knowledge of the Kaztest language by analogy IELTS (Great Britain) and TOEFL (United States of America) is developed.
Within this system the national standard determining level of proficiency in Kazakh of the student is developed and implemented. In the national standard the list of positions, professions and specialties for which requirements to the level of knowledge of state language are established is determined. On the basis of the national standard the standard training program to Kazakh of adult population is developed and implemented, are systematized training process to language and contents of guidelines manuals, the basic word stock on each language level is developed;
6) the methodology of accreditation system of the state language centers is developed;
7) methodical and organizational support for studying of the native language by representatives of the Kazakh diaspora abroad was systematically given, the traditional small kurultai of Kazakhs of Europe and festival of arts, and also social and analytical researches concerning activity of compatriots abroad are carried out;
8) the Internet resources created for the purpose of development of kazakhoyazychny Internet resources, content (over 20 types of services) are constantly updated. For example, the Òilalemi.kz portal, single onomastichesky base "Atau.kz", spelling base "Emle.kz", terminology database of "Termincom.kz" were widely used;
9) for the purpose of implementation of new information technologies in training process to state language the quantity of distance learning courses to languages increased;
10) communicative function of state language, broadcasting amount in electronic media in Kazakh in content of the state media (further - media), and also share of state language in printed media more than 73% is strengthened;
11) the effective system of the state support of languages of the ethnoses living in Kazakhstan is created.
At the same time, during implementation of the State program in this period (2011-2019) number of problem aspects is determined.
Uneven level of proficiency in state language in society.
Low level of motivation of application of state language in the social and communicative circle.
The solution of problematic issues in this direction is connected, first of all, with expansion of spheres of active application of state language in the field of the international communications, tourism, the legislation, education, family education and leisure, and also its development in the sphere of science, medicine, trade and new technologies. Along with it important tasks are increase in the social status of state language, promoting of state language as spiritual cultural value.
The indicators planned by the State program of development and functioning of languages in the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2011-2019 in 2018 were successfully executed: target indicators - 100%; performance indicators - % 83,3; development of allocated funds on actions - 100%.
Effective implementation of the program can also be estimated on survey results of public opinion concerning degree of satisfaction with language policy in Kazakhstan: 45,3 of % of respondents is considered that it "the correct policy which is completely weighed, thought over, creating national consent". 28,6 of % of respondents is considered that "all correctly speak, but there is discrepancy between words and actions". 13,0 of % of respondents is considered that "conscious support of Kazakh, ignoring of other languages and rendering pressure upon them prevails". 8,2 of % is considered that "for the purpose of preserving stability interests of Kazakh are not considered". Only 2,9 of % of respondents are not satisfied with the pursued language policy.
Collected data showed that general favorable conditions for the pursued language policy are created.
Now in Kazakhstan there are following language competences:
ethnic-Kazakh, ethnic-Russian bilingualism or ethnic Russian-Kazakh trekhjyazychy;
Kazakh and Russian-English trekhjyazychy.
The current language situation in Kazakhstan is characterized by the following sotsiolingvistichesky criteria:
first, the quantity of the population speaking Kazakh grows. According to official figures, from among the Turkic population in Kazakhstan 95, % of Uzbeks, % 93,7 the Uyghur, 92,7 of % of Kyrgyz know Kazakh at the level of household communication, 12% - at the high level. Among representatives of Slavic ethnos in Kazakh 25% of Russians, 21,05 of % of Ukrainians, 19% of Belarusians, 20,9 of % of Poles, and also 24% of representatives of the German diaspora understand oral speech. Among the specified ethnoses there is share of those who are able to read and write in Kazakh, constitutes % 2,9.
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