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FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of December 27, 2019 No. 468-FZ

About wine growing and winemaking in the Russian Federation

Accepted by the State Duma on December 18, 2019

Approved by the Federation Council on December 23, 2019

Chapter 1. General provisions

Article 1. Subject of regulation of this Federal Law

1. This Federal Law establishes:

1) legal, organizational, technology and economic basis in the field of production, turnover and consumption of products of wine growing and wine-making products (further - the field of wine growing and winemaking);

2) the principles, the purposes of realization of state policy in the field of wine growing and winemaking and measure for its realization;

3) forms, conditions and procedure of the state support in the field of wine growing and winemaking;

4) powers of public authorities and local self-government in the field of wine growing and winemaking;

5) legal status of subjects of wine growing and winemaking when implementing activities in the field of wine growing and winemaking.

2. This Federal Law governs the relations arising between the organizations, agricultural consumer cooperatives, peasant farms, physical persons, public authorities of the Russian Federation, public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation and local government bodies in the field of wine growing and winemaking.

3. Operation of this Federal Law does not extend to activities of the citizens conducting personal subsidiary farm according to the Federal Law of July 7, 2003 No. 112-FZ "About personal subsidiary farm" for the purpose of, who are not connected with realization of the made wine growing products and also to activities of the citizens conducting gardening and truck farming according to the Federal Law of July 29, 2017 No. 217-FZ "About conducting by citizens gardening and truck farming for own needs and about modification of separate legal acts of the Russian Federation".

Article 2. Legal regulation of the relations in the field of wine growing and winemaking

1. Legal regulation of the relations in the field of wine growing and winemaking is based on the Constitution of the Russian Federation and consists of this Federal Law, other Federal Laws accepted according to it, other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, the laws and other regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation (further - the legislation on wine growing and winemaking).

2. The regulations about wine growing and winemaking containing in other Federal Laws, other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, the laws and other regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation shall not contradict regulations of this Federal Law.

3. In case of discrepancy of regulations about the wine growing and winemaking containing in other Federal Laws, other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, the laws and other regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation, to regulations of this Federal Law regulations of this Federal Law are applied.

4. Local government bodies within the competence have the right to publish the municipal legal acts containing regulations about wine growing and winemaking according to this Federal Law, other Federal Laws, other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, the laws and other regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation.

5. If the international treaty of the Russian Federation establishes other rules, than provided by this Federal Law of the rule of wine growing and winemaking rules of the international treaty are applied.

Article 3. The basic concepts used in this Federal Law

For the purposes of this Federal Law the following basic concepts are used:

1) the flavored vinogradosoderzhashchy drinks from grape raw materials - food alcoholic wine-making products which are made for 75 percent at least from wine, fortified wine or grape must with use of sucrose, food ethyl alcohol, infusions of separate parts of different plants on special compounding, color and flavoring additives, food colors and other food supplements and products, except for waters, and the actual volume fraction of natural ethyl alcohol in which is in the range from 14,5 to 20 percent;

2) nonalcoholic wine - the foodstuff received from wine and containing in result of its processing by the established method the actual volume fraction of ethyl alcohol of no more 0,5 of percent;

3) the soft drinks and products received from grapes, grape must and wine - the agricultural products received as a result of conversion of grapes, grape must or wine, the potential share of content of ethyl alcohol in which does not exceed percent 0,5, including grape juice, the concentrated grape juice, nonalcoholic wine, wine vinegar, glucose, raisin-seed oil, tartaric acid, antotsianovy dye;

4) fermentative mix - the mix of cuvee, reservoir liqueur and distributing of pure culture yeast intended for carrying out afterfermentation by tank method;

5) wine vinegar - vinegar which is received only as a result of acetic fermentation of wine and has the total acidity at least 60 grams on liter given to acetic acid;

6) wine - the food alcoholic agricultural wine-making products made only as a result of complete or incomplete fermentation of the whole or crushed fresh grapes or fresh grape must and resolved to retail sale in the territory of the Russian Federation in case of the actual volume fraction of content of ethyl alcohol from 7,5 up to 18 percent;

7) wine in bulk, fortified wine in bulk (wine material) - wine, fortified wine before pouring in interior package for retail sale;

8) wine of Russia - wine, fortified wine, sparkling wine, completely (for 100 percent) made from the grapes which are grown up in the territory of the Russian Federation;

9) vinogradarsky farms - the organizations irrespective of form of business, including experienced and production farms of the scientific organizations, agricultural consumer cooperatives and peasant farms created as the legal entity, and also peasant farms created without formation of legal entity, the individual entrepreneurs and citizens conducting personal subsidiary farm, performing wine growing who in property, lease or on other legal cause have vinogradarsky company or its part;

10) the vinogradarsko-wine-making company - the property complex including completely vinogradarsky and wine-making companies or their parts;

11) the vinogradarsky company - the property complex irrespective of pattern of ownership used for bookmark and operation of grape plantings, cultivation of planting stock of grape plants, conversion and storage of products of wine growing, including including the vinogradoprigodny lands, grape plantings, vineyards, machines, the equipment and stock used for bookmark and operation of grape plantings, conversions and storages of products of wine growing, the building and construction intended for placement of machines and the equipment, the building and construction, acting as the place of stay (or the containing rooms being the place of stay) the physical persons performing activities based on employment contracts and (or) agreements of civil nature, and also the right to the designations individualizing the company, its products, works and services;

12) wine growing - the crop production industry which is engaged in cultivation of grapes;

13) vineyard - the difficult thing consisting of the site of vinogradoprigodny lands with the grape plantings located on it;

14) grape must - the agricultural wine-making products received only from fresh grapes spontaneously or with use of physical acceptances of crushing, destalking, running off, pressing, intended owing to content in it potential volume fraction of ethyl alcohol for production of winemaking and not permitted to retail sale in the territory of the Russian Federation. Grape must types: is fresher, the concentrated, preserved and concentrated purified;

15) grape plantings - the artificial (cultural) plantings of plants of the sort Vitis, including the grades received by crossing of grades of Vitis Vinifera with grades of other types of the sort Vitis cultivated for the purpose of receipt of grape berries, planting stock of grape plants or scientific studying;

16) grape juice - the liquid product, unfermented, but capable to fermentation, which is received from fresh grapes or fresh grape must is subject to the processing allowing to use it as foodstuff, and the admissible actual volume fraction of ethyl alcohol in which shall not exceed percent 0,5;

17) vinogrado-wine-making zone - the territory of the Russian Federation having rather identical geophysical, climatic and soil characteristics causing similarity of high-quality structure of grape plantings and processing methods of wine growing and winemaking;

18) vinogrado-wine producing region - the territory as a part of vinogrado-wine-making zone having the special geophysical, climatic and soil characteristics causing product receipt of wine growing and products of winemaking of certain quality;

19) vinogrado-wine-making terroir - the limited territory as a part of vinogrado-wine producing region which covers the grape plantings of certain grades which are in identical geophysical, climatic and soil conditions and in which borders application of identical processing methods of wine growing and winemaking determines special organoleptic characteristics of wine-making products;

20) vinogradoprigodny lands - the parcels of land which geographical and edaphic-climatic characteristics give opportunity for their use for the purpose of cultivation of grape plantings, including the parcels of land which were used for the specified purpose at least five years within the last fifty years;

21) vinogradosoderzhashchy drinks from grape raw materials - food alcoholic wine-making products which are made for 50 percent at least from wine, fortified wine, grape must with use of sucrose, color and flavoring additives, other food supplements and products, including waters, and the actual volume fraction of natural ethyl alcohol in which is in the range from 1,5 to percent 14,5;

22) vinogradosoderzhashchy drink - sparkling vinogradosoderzhashchy drinks, carbonated vinogradosoderzhashchy drinks, vinogradosoderzhashchy drinks from grape raw materials and the flavored vinogradosoderzhashchy drinks from grape raw materials;

23) winemaking - type of activity on production of winemaking;

24) wine-making products - wine, fortified wine, sparkling wine, grape must, vinogradosoderzhashchy drinks, wine, grape and cognac distillates and alcohols and alcoholic drinks made from them;

25) wine-making farms - the organizations irrespective of form of business, including the scientific organizations performing the experienced productive activity, agricultural consumer cooperatives and peasant farms created as the legal entity, performing winemaking or wine growing and winemaking which in property, lease or on other legal cause have wine-making company and the vinogradarsky company or only the wine-making company, and also the peasant farms created without formation of legal entity and the individual entrepreneurs performing production of wine, fortified wine, sparkling wine and (or) grape must from the grapes which are grown up on the vineyards belonging to them on the property right, leases or on other legal cause;

26) the wine-making company - the property complex irrespective of pattern of ownership used for production processes, conversion and storage of products of winemaking, one or several of the specified processes and (or) their parts, including including the machines, the equipment and stock used for the specified purposes, the buildings and constructions intended for placement of such machines and the equipment, and also the right to the designations individualizing the company, its products, works and services;

27) wine with the protected geographical specifying - wine, fortified wine, sparkling wine which are made of fresh grapes of grade or mix of grades of grapes of type Vitis Vinifera, and also grades received by crossing of grades of Vitis Vinifera with grades of other types of the sort Vitis, except for hybrids of the direct producers which are grown up in borders of certain vinogrado-wine-making zone of the Russian Federation, with use of the permitted processing methods of wine growing and winemaking and in case of which production transactions of primary and secondary winemaking are performed in borders of this vinogrado-wine-making zone;

28) wine with the protected name of the place of origin - wine, fortified wine, sparkling wine which are made of fresh grapes of grade or mix of grades of grapes of type Vitis Vinifera, and also grades received by crossing of grades of Vitis Vinifera with grades of other types of the sort Vitis, except for the hybrids of the direct producers which are grown up in the borders and regulated for certain vinogrado-wine-making terroir of the Russian Federation, with use regulated for this vinogrado-wine-making terroir of processing methods of wine growing and winemaking and in case of which production transactions of primary and secondary winemaking are performed in borders of this vinogrado-wine-making terroir;

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