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RESOLUTION OF NATIONAL STATISTICAL COMMITTEE OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS

of November 15, 2019 No. 114

About approval of the Instruction on the organization and carrying out selective state statistical observation of the prices and rates for consumer goods and the paid services rendered to the population

(as amended on 03-09-2021)

Based on subitem 8.10 of Item 8 of the Regulations on National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus approved by the Presidential decree of the Republic of Belarus of August 26, 2008 No. 445, National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus DECIDES:

1. Approve the Instruction on the organization and carrying out selective state statistical observation of the prices and rates for consumer goods and the paid services rendered to the population it (is applied).

2. Recognize invalid:

the resolution of National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus of November 12, 2013 No. 244 "About approval of the Instruction on the organization and carrying out selective state statistical observation of the prices and rates for consumer goods and the paid services rendered to the population";

the resolution of National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus of December 1, 2014 No. 219 "About modification and amendments in the Instruction on the organization and carrying out selective state statistical observation of the prices and rates for consumer goods and the paid services rendered to the population";

the resolution of National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus of November 30, 2015 No. 203 "About modification of the Instruction on the organization and carrying out selective state statistical observation of the prices and rates for consumer goods and the paid services rendered to the population";

the resolution of National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus of November 28, 2016 No. 186 "About modification and amendments in the Instruction on the organization and carrying out selective state statistical observation of the prices and rates for consumer goods and the paid services rendered to the population";

the resolution of National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus of November 29, 2017 No. 138 "About modification and amendments in the Instruction on the organization and carrying out selective state statistical observation of the prices and rates for consumer goods and the paid services rendered to the population";

the resolution of National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus of November 16, 2018 No. 125 "About entering of amendments and changes into the Instruction on the organization and carrying out selective state statistical observation of the prices and rates for consumer goods and the paid services rendered to the population".

3. This resolution becomes effective since January 1, 2020.

Chairman

I. V. Medvedev

Approved by the Resolution of National Statistical Committee of the Republic of Belarus of November 15, 2019 No. 114

The instruction on the organization and carrying out selective state statistical observation of the prices and rates for consumer goods and the paid services rendered to the population

Chapter 1. General provisions

1. This Instruction establishes procedure for the organization and carrying out by bodies the state statistics of selective state statistical observation of the prices and rates for consumer goods and the paid services rendered to the population (further - the state statistical observation), and receipts of necessary primary statistical data for calculation of the consolidated index of consumer prices (further - IPTs).

2. In this Instruction the following terms and their determinations are used:

the basic organization - representatively selected object in which registration of the prices (rates) on the created consumer set of goods (services) - representatives is performed;

sample - set of limited number of observations which shall be representative (representative) it is full and adequately to reflect properties and proportions of population;

household - group of persons which jointly live in premises provide themselves to all necessary for life, conduct general economy, fully or partially uniting and spending the means, or one person living independently and providing themselves to all necessary for life;

IPTs - one of inflation indicators characterizing change in time of cost of the fixed consumer set of the goods and services acquired by the population for non-productive consumption;

inflation - the depreciation of money which is followed by increase in prices (rates) for goods and services;

classification of individual consumption by the purposes (KIPTs) 2018 (further - KIPTs) - one of the functional classifications described in the National account system and IPTs used when calculating as the international standard;

consumer price (rate) - the actual price (rate) for the goods (service) realized on free sale (rendered to the population) which is final price of consumption and includes the value added tax, excises and other taxes, and also costs and profit of the basic organizations;

consumer spendings of the population - the part of money expenditure of the population directed to acquisition of consumer goods and services;

consumer goods (services) - goods (services) used by the population, as a rule, for private and all-family consumption;

consumer set of goods (services) - representatives - representatively selected inventory (services) which are most often consumed by the population, single for areas and Minsk, remaining during the certain period invariable;

registration of the prices (rates) - collection of primary statistical data about the prices (rates) for goods (services) which entered the created consumer set of goods (services) - representatives, in the basic organizations;

seasonal goods (service) - goods (service) which or are absent in the market during the certain season (the period within year) or its quantity and the price are characterized by the periodic fluctuations connected with season (season);

goods (service) - the representative - set of certain type of goods (service) which in limits of set of goods (services) can differ in insignificant features (details) which are not influencing quality and the main consumer properties;

the price (rate) - money value of cost of goods (service) in Belarusian rubles for quantitative commodity unit (services);

the price quotation - the price of the goods (service) having specific consumer properties (characteristics), registered by specialists in carrying out inspections in the basic organization.

3. The state statistical observation is made for the purpose of determination of change in value of the fixed consumer set of goods (services) - representatives in current period in comparison with the previous (basic) period under the influence of the change in price (rates) for these goods and services.

For calculation of IPTs set of goods (services) joins consumer goods (services) acquired by the republic population for private and all-family consumption without exception as nonbasic or undesirable goods (services) to consumption (for example, drinks alcoholic, tobacco products and other).

4. IPTs is intended for measurement of the change in price (rates) for consumer goods (services) and its calculation does not join expense data:

on acquisition of securities (bonds, shares or other financial assets);

on payment of the income tax, fees on professional pension insurance in the budget of state non-budgetary fund of social protection of the population of the Republic of Belarus;

on purchase of goods, the investments (construction and capital repairs of residential or utility rooms and so forth) spent for the purposes, accumulating, and also goods for which there is no real market price (own consumption of the agricultural products made in personal subsidiary farms of citizens).

5. The organization and carrying out the state statistical observation includes the following stages:

selection of settlements;

selection of the basic organizations;

selection of goods (services) - representatives;

registration of the prices (rates);

control of registration of the prices (rates).

Chapter 2. Selection of settlements

6. The state statistical observation is made in the territory of the Republic of Belarus in Minsk, in all regional centers and selectively - in the district centers (cities) selected by National Statistical Committee (further - Belstat).

Selection of the cities is performed taking into account their representativeness in reflection of social and economic and geographical location of the region and degree of saturation of the consumer market by goods and services.

The sample of the cities does not join the cities located in close proximity from each other from the regional centers and the capital.

7. For carrying out the state statistical observation 31 cities according to the list according to appendix 1, are selected where more than 50% of the population of the republic and over 70% of urban population of the republic live.

Chapter 3. Selection of the basic organizations

8. In each city join in sample of the basic organizations:

legal entities (separate divisions of legal entities) performing sales of goods (services) on regular basis (the trade organizations, the organizations of public catering, the city markets, the organizations rendering paid services to the population);

the individual entrepreneurs performing activities in retail trade and service industry.

The basic organizations shall represent actually those objects where the population most often acquires goods (services). In case of selection of the basic organizations especially it is necessary to pay attention to regularity of realization of goods (services) in them selected for the state statistical observation as important condition of registration of the prices (rates) is observance of continuity of collection of primary statistical data about the prices (rates) for goods (services).

The legal entities and individual entrepreneurs enabling the realization of fruit and vegetable products at the agricultural fairs operating limited period of time, as a rule, one month in year do not join in sample of the basic organizations.

9. The sample of the basic organizations in each city shall include large objects (shopping centers, hyper - and supermarkets, shops with the floor space of 650 sq.m and more), average and small objects (shops with the floor space to 50 sq.m), with various forms of servicing, located both in the central part of the city, and on its suburbs.

10. Selection of the basic organizations is made by specialists of departments of statistics of the prices of the head statistical offices of areas and the city of Minsk (further - specialists of departments of statistics of the prices). For selection official statistical information is used:

about sales amounts of goods (services) to the population;

selective inspection of households on level of living about ratio of places of purchase separate food and nonfoods.

In case of selection of the basic organizations enabling the realization of fruit and vegetable products it is necessary to study saturation of the consumer market specific goods, price level in shops and in the markets, goods quality, offered to realization, and, proceeding from the current situation in the city, to make selection of the basic organizations which during various seasons can be miscellaneous.

Recommended ratios of number of the registered prices in shops and in the markets on separate food and nonfoods are determined according to appendices 2 and 3. If the goods included in the state statistical observation are not given in appendices 2 and 3, registration of the prices of it should be performed in shops.

11. Annually (in December) based on the made selection of the basic organizations their list with indication of the name and the location of the basic organization, description of goods (service), the price (rates) of which (which) are registered in the basic organization is constituted. Lists of the basic organizations are checked for compliance to the requirements to selection of the basic organizations stated in Items 8-10 of this Instruction and affirm chiefs of departments of statistics of the prices of the head statistical offices of areas and the city of Minsk.

12. The approved list of the basic organizations can change in case:

replacements of the basic organization by other organization;

inclusions for the state statistical observation of in addition selected organization.

Replacement of the basic organization by other organization is performed if at the time of registration of the price (rate) in the basic organization it is impossible to register the price (rate) for the same goods (service) - the representative, as during the previous registration (for example, goods (service) - the representative is absent on sale, the basic organization temporarily does not work also other).

Replacement of the basic organization by other organization is made for short period of time (two-three months) when preserving in the list of the basic organizations of originally selected basic organization. In case of more long absence of goods (service) - the representative in the basic organization the exception of this organization of the list of the basic organizations is made and registration of the prices (rates) is performed in in addition selected basic organization. The compulsory provision for the organization of the state statistical observation in in addition selected basic organization is its uniformity with the excluded basic organization, and also comparability of the level of prices (rates) in them for goods (service) - the representative who shall be analogous or the closest on consumer properties to the selected goods (service).

Replacement of the basic organization is made also in case of non-realization of activities by it during the long period of time (6 months) or liquidations (the activities termination).

Modification of the approved list of the basic organizations is made according to the procedure, established in Item 11 of this Instruction.

13. Information on the basic organizations is confidential and is not subject to distribution.

Chapter 4. Selection of goods (services) - representatives

14. For the state statistical observation by Belstat the goods and services characterizing the actual structure of consumer spendings of the population of the republic according to the List of goods and services for the state statistical observation (further - the List) according to appendix 4 are selected.

Created by Belstat Perechen includes the goods and services having the general description of consumer properties of goods (services) - representatives, and specialists in carrying out inspections disaggregate it range of goods (services) - representatives with specific consumer properties.

15. The list includes food and nonfoods, paid services. Each group is provided by specific goods (services) or small commodity subgroups.

The structure of the List is given with use of KIPTs. All consumer set of goods (services) - representatives is subdivided into Sections (for example, "Food and soft drinks").

The Section is subdivided into groups (for example, "Food").

The group is subdivided into classes (for example, "Grain products and grain").

The class is subdivided into uniform subclasses (for example, "Grain") which are subdivided into types (for example, "Rice grain") and into goods (services) - representatives (for example, "the polished rice polished (including steamed)" which is subdivided into "the polished rice polished", "polished rice, steamed" and other).

16. For maintenance of relevance of sample of goods (services) - representatives its gradual rotation (updating) by exception of separate goods (services) - representatives and inclusion new for the following reasons is performed:

the goods (service) - the representative are not any more representative as its share in consumer spendings of the population is gradually reduced;

sales of goods (services) - the representative in the consumer market is not performed (for example, as a result of change of technology or for other reasons).

New goods (services) - representatives join in consumer set of goods (services) - representatives when the share of expenses on their acquisition constitutes at least 0,01 of % of the total amount of consumer spendings of the population of the republic.

17. Selection of specific goods (service) - the representative is performed by specialists in carrying out inspections together with employees of the basic organizations (the merchandiser or the seller of shop, the acceptor of orders). The goods (service) which are selected for the state statistical observation - the representative shall be in stable demand for the population.

In case of selection of certain type of goods (service) it shall be preferred as goods (service) - the representative who will be constantly present at realization within the next months of the current year. If the goods (service) in the basic organization are provided by wide assortment, then selection is made according to share of sales amount of specific goods (service) - the representative which is determined based on data of accounting of the basic organization, holding poll of employees of the basic organization (the merchandiser, the seller of shop, the acceptor of orders) or expert way.

For carrying out the state statistical observation goods of national and import production are selected.

Chapter 5. Registration of the prices (rates)

18. Registration of the prices (rates) is carried out to the period with 10 on 30 (28 (29) - in February) number monthly. Registration of the prices (rates) in the specific basic organization for month under report shall be performed in one of two calendar days prior or the prices (rates), following behind day of registration, last month. It is necessary to observe fixed terms of registration of the prices (rates) to maintain interval in one month between two registration of the prices (rates).

Primary statistical data about the prices (rates) for service - the representative can be received in the basic organization by phone if the cost of service representative is invariable for certain period of time (for example, the identical amount of payment for separate services for all months of quarter). In case of registration of the prices (rates) by phone, it is necessary to send after quarter inquiry to the basic organization and to receive the written confirmation of primary statistical data about the prices (rates) for service - the representative.

19. Registration of the prices (rates) in the basic organization includes:

search of goods (service) - the representative according to the specification determined for registration of the prices (rates);

check of invariance (comparison and determination of variations) of the specification of the goods (service) which are in realization with the parameters determined by registration of the prices (rates) for goods (service) - the representative in previous period;

complete description of characteristics of goods (service) - the representative in case of their identity or to the insignificant variation in specifications which is not influencing goods quality (services) - the representative;

registration of the price (rate) for goods (service) - the representative, determination of its variation (surplus or decrease) from the level fixed in case of the previous registration of the price (rate), refining at employees of the basic organization (the merchandiser, the seller, the acceptor of orders) of the reasons of the change in price (rate) with their obligatory record;

matching of other goods (service) from uniform assortment group in case of absence in sales of goods (services) - the representative or availability of essential differences in specifications for implementation of replacement of goods (service) - the representative;

consultation with the employee of the basic organization (the merchandiser, the seller, the acceptor of orders) regarding representativeness of the goods (service) and demand of consumers for it which are selected for replacement (data of accounting of the basic organization for amounts of its realization for previous period);

record of new goods (service) - the representative and his specification, refining of the price (rate) for it in previous period (according to accounting of the basic organization) and registration of the price (rate) for the accounting period.

20. For weekly calculation of IPTs registration of the prices (rates) (on Tuesdays) on consumer set of goods (services) - representatives for weekly assessment of IPTs according to appendix 5 is performed.

Weekly registration of the prices (rates) for goods (services) - representatives is performed in the basic organizations which are selected for monthly registration of the prices (rates) for the purpose of receipt of possibility of inclusion weekly price information (rates) in cases of clash of dates of registration of the prices (rates) in structure of the database for calculation of IPTs in month. Decrease (discount, the share) in the price (rate) of goods (service) - the representative in the basic organization for one day (on Tuesdays) in case of registration of the prices (rates) is not considered.

21. The actual consumer price (rate) of goods (service) - the representative (including the value added tax, excises and other taxes) who is available in realization and paid with money is subject to registration.

Also the prices (rates) for goods (services) - the representatives implemented at the prices (rates) with discounts during the certain period (upon termination of season), or for the period of carrying out shares are subject to registration. Decrease (short-term discounts) in the price (rate) of goods (service) - the representative, acting less than one week, is not subject to registration.

The goods prices which lost trade dress (damaged), sold owing to the expiration of expiration dates or from remaining balance, and also the price (rates) for goods (services) realized on preferential prices (rates) for separate categories of citizens or with discounts in connection with the forthcoming termination of activities of shop are not subject to registration.

22. About the prices (rates) it is necessary for respect for the principle of continuity of collection of primary statistical data that the price (rate) of the same goods (service) - the representative was registered every month.

23. In case of temporary lack of goods (services) - the representatives who are not belonging to seasonal goods (services) application of one of the following methods for calculation of average price is possible:

calculation of average price for the last month does not join the price of goods (service) - the representative who is absent in current month. The non-inclusion of the price of goods (service) - the representative in calculation of average price is equivalent to the assumption that the price of the absent goods (service) - the representative would change in the same way, as average price value of goods (services) - the representatives included in calculation of price index;

extend the final registered price to later periods. It is necessary to use as seldom as possible this method, especially in the period of high inflation rates or during fast changings in the markets as a result of considerable rates of innovations and high removability of goods as application of this method is admissible only for limited number of cases. This method brings systematic mistake in the received IPTs towards reduction. There is probability of the compensating spasmodic change of price index at the moment when the price of the absent goods representative is registered again;

it is conditional to estimate the price of temporarily absent goods (service) - the representative, using average change of available goods prices (service) - representatives according to example according to appendix 6. This method is equivalent not to inclusion of the price of goods (service) - the representative in calculation of current period, but conditional calculation of the price of goods (service) - the representative should be made that the size of sample of goods (services) - representatives in current period was not reduced;

it is conditional to estimate the price of the absent goods, using the change in price of comparable goods from other similar basic organization.

The period during which conditional calculations of the prices of goods representatives are applied shall not be long (two-three months).

On goods with bystry updating of model range (for example, smartphones, laptops, household appliances, TVs) it is necessary to make purposeful replacements of goods representatives, without expecting complete cessation of sales of goods.

24. If the goods (service) - the representative are absent in the consumer market long time (more than six months), then goods (service) - the representative is considered constantly absent. The goods (service) - the representative can be absent in the consumer market in connection with realization of new goods (services), or the basic organizations can stop its realization. In case of absence on sale of goods (service) - the representative it is necessary to make its replacement. The replacing goods (service) shall have considerable share of realization (to be in demand for the population) and to be representative concerning the changes in price (rates) included in sample of goods (services) - representatives.

25. The following methods of replacement of goods can be applied to determination of the goods replacing goods representative which release is stopped:

direct comparison is applied if the replacing goods are directly comparable on quality with the goods which are absent on sale. At the same time, it is supposed that the difference in price level between replacing and absent goods is caused by the changes in price, but not distinctions in quality. Replacement of the absent goods representative without combination is given in example according to appendix 7;

combination is applied in cases when there is no information allowing to execute reasonable impact assessments of change of goods quality on its price, however the replacing goods are in realization during the same period, as the absent goods. Replacement of goods can be considered incomparable to the absent goods representative, but at the same time receipt of primary statistical data about the prices both on absent, and on replacing goods representatives during combination is possible. The difference in the price between absent and replacing with goods representatives during combination is used then as distinction indicator in quality. Replacement of the absent goods representative with combination is given in example according to appendix 8;

the adjustment method on quantity is applied in case the replacing goods differ from the goods representative which are absent in realization, the size of the physical characteristic which is giving in to quantitative determination (for example, the weight, the size). This method is applicable in cases when the price of goods changes in proportion to its quality characteristic. Use of method of adjustment on quantity is given in example according to appendix 9.

Each case of forced replacement of goods requires the individual analysis. The choice of method of replacement of goods depends on specifics of sales terms of goods, their availability in the consumer market and other factors.

26. Registration of the prices (rates) for specific goods (service) is performed by filling of form of the state statistical observation 12-consumer prices (rates) "Data on consumer prices (rates) for goods and the services rendered to the population" (further - form).

The form is expected registration of the prices (rates) and any instruction of notes for various basic organizations. On each goods (service) - the representative needs to register monthly from three up to ten prices (rates), comparable with the last month, on the territory of each city. The number of the prices (rates) for registration in the cities is determined according to appendix 1.

The prices (rates) for the same goods (service) - the representative or his equivalent need to be registered in the same basic organization for two periods (previous and month under report). For ensuring necessary number of the comparable prices (rates) for goods (services) - representatives, in some cases (for example, for goods which are provided by wide assortment: pelmeni, milk, cheeses, mayonnaise and other for which there are difficulties in respect for comparability of goods in reporting and last month) it is necessary to register the bigger number of the prices (rates), than it is determined according to appendix 1, for each separate period. The exception is constituted by separate types of paid services to the population, the prices (rates) for which are established on a centralized basis and are single for all population of the city (for example, fares in urban transportation, communication services, separate types of utilities).

27. In the column A of form the sequence number of the basic organization, in the column B of form - its name and the address of the location is specified. Data on the city markets include their name, the address or the place of its stay, and also, whenever possible, surnames of sellers, numbers of trade places and other data on certain sellers.

In the column of 1 form registration date of the price (rate) last month, and in the column 6 of form - in month under report is specified.

The primary statistical data collected for month under report are entered in columns with 6 on 10 forms, and then transferred to columns with 1 on 5 forms of the next month.

The detailed description of the change in price (rate) of goods (service) chosen for determination - the representative is provided in the column 7 of form. As a rule, the description of goods representative includes its brand, model, the article, the country of goods' origin, the manufacturing company, type of packaging, the size, color of product, grade, weight, composition of raw materials and so on (the purpose of the description of goods (service) - the representative - to provide enough information for stay it in case of registration of the prices (rates) in the next month).

In the column 8 of form the unit of measure of goods (service) - the representative is reflected (the quantity of the goods (service) which are selected for registration of the price (rate) - the representative, but not standard unit of quantity is specified).

In the column 9 of form the price (rate) of goods (service) - the representative, registered in month under report is specified. In the column 10 of form the price calculated for the standard unit of quantity of goods (service) specified in the List is reflected. If the registered and counted prices (rates) match, their value is reflected in the column 10 of form.

If in any period it is impossible to register the price (rate), or these prices (rates) cannot be compared, then the mark in shape is put down and the price (rate) for goods (service) - the representative does not join in calculation of statistics "Price relative".

28. On the line "Average Price (Rate)" in columns 5 and 10 of form the compound price (rate) calculated from primary statistical data of the basic organizations reflected in form for calculation of average price (rate) (except for noted) in reporting and last months is reflected. Without fail in case of determination of the average price (rate) participating in calculation of statistics "Price relative" for goods (service), the number of the prices (rates) for goods (service) - the representative shall be identical in both compared periods. In case of absence in reporting (last) month of primary statistical data about the price of goods (service) - the representative in the basic organization it is necessary to estimate conditionally the price of temporarily absent goods (service) - the representative according to example according to appendix 6.

For the accounting period in the absence of data on the price of goods (service) - the representative in the basic organization conditional value of the missing price is determined by formula

Рисунок 1 к Пост. 114-19

where Pjn - the price of goods (service) - the representative of "j" in the accounting period of "n";

Ij - relative statistics of the change in price of goods (service) of "j" in the accounting period in comparison with basic, calculated by comparable types of goods (services) - representatives;

Pjo - the price of goods (service) - the representative of "j" in the basic period "about".

If in the accounting period replacement of the basic organization is made (goods (service) - the representative) and (or) the number of the prices increased in comparison with previous period, then value of the missing price of goods (service) - the representative on the basic organization in the basic period is determined by formula

Рисунок 2 к Пост. от 114-19

where Pjo - the price of goods (service) - the representative of "j" in the basic period "about";

Pjn - the price of goods (service) - the representative of "j" in the accounting period of "n";

Ij - relative statistics of the change in price of goods (service) of "j" in the accounting period in comparison with basic, calculated by comparable types of goods (services) - representatives.

The conditional calculated value of the missing price of goods (service) - the representative in the basic organization for the accounting (basic) period is noted in shape by sign "*" and is used in calculations of average price according to example of inclusion of conditionally estimated prices of the absent goods representatives in calculation of price index according to appendix 10.

Data on the line "Average Price (Rate)" in the column 10 of form are divided into data on the line "Average Price (Rate)" in the column 5 of form, the calculated statistics are reflected on the line "Price Relative". The result is rounded to four signs after comma.

29. Conditional examples of filling of form are given according to appendix 11.

If the description of goods representative last month, completely corresponds to the characteristic of goods representative in month under report, then in the column 7 of form it is enough to make the mark "Same". If the goods representative which are selected earlier for registration of the price did not go on sale in month under report, the price of similar goods is registered. In this case the goods which are most corresponding to the earlier selected goods representative are selected. If there is no opportunity to register the price of the goods representative which are selected last month in the basic organization or to pick up its equivalent, then registration of the prices is performed in other trade organization.

30. In form specialists in carrying out inspections of 1 date following reporting report primary statistical data on electronic communication channels to departments of statistics of the prices of the head statistical offices of areas and the city of Minsk where their check is carried out.

Chapter 6. Conditions of comparability of goods (services) - representatives

31. In case of registration of the prices (rates) specialists in carrying out inspections determine whether we will compare goods (service) - the representative to that which is chosen for its replacement and the subsequent registration of the price (rate).

The following main conditions are for this purpose used:

it is not necessary to compare the same type of goods (service) - the representative or various goods (services) - representatives from the different basic organizations;

it is not recommended to compare the goods representatives made in the different countries;

the goods representatives made in one country are compared if their quality is approximately identical (in particular, as for clothes, possibly comparison of the goods made by different producers only in cases when it is impossible to pick up the goods made by one producer);

it is recommended to compare counted (per unit of quantity) the prices of goods of one producer which have differences on amount and weight (for example, canned food in banks weighing 550 and 350 grams);

it is admissible to compare the prices of the identical models of clothes differing only by the size except cases if there is essential price difference of one model of the different sizes.

32. The general principle of comparability of goods (services) - - to determine representatives whether their distinctions influence the price (rate). Goods (services) - representatives are considered comparable if there are no significant differences in their consumer qualities which determine the price (rate).

Chapter 7. Registration of the prices (rates) for seasonal goods (services) - representatives

33. Seasonal goods (services) - representatives are some food (vegetables, fruit, potatoes, live fish and so forth), separate types of clothes and footwear, service of heating, tourism both excursion services and other.

During the nonseasonal periods of year on such goods (services) - representatives the method of estimated prices according to which the price level (rates) for the absent goods (services) - representatives is determined taking into account the change in price (rates) for similar goods (services) - the representatives of the corresponding group who are available in realization during the whole year is applied.

34. For seasonal goods (services) - the representatives who are absent on sale during from one to several months in year in shape need to be made mark that the goods (service) - the representative in sale are absent. The final registered price (rate) in shape for month under report as the price (rate) of the last month is not reflected.

35. In the state statistical observation, in case of registration of the prices of fruit and vegetable products in the city markets, it is necessary to include the prices of these products sold by physical persons which perform trade in the markets with provision of the trade place in the seasonal period of year.

In the basic organizations also potatoes of harvest of previous year are recommended to carry out registration of potato prices separately on potatoes of harvest of the current year ("young"). Data on the prices of "young" potatoes should be included in calculation of IPTs from the moment of mass realization of these goods. Month of inclusion in calculations of "young" potatoes is July (in some cases - the second half of June). It is necessary to consider gradually the increasing specific weight of "young" potatoes in total amount of realization of these goods. For this purpose the prices of "young" potatoes and potatoes of harvest of previous year during the summer period (considering considerable difference in the prices) need to be weighed on their sales amounts for receipt of weighted average price that allows to make coordination of potato prices of harvest of the current and previous year. The method of seasonal smoothing of the prices based on calculation of weighted average price of potatoes allows to consider gradually the increasing specific weight of "young" potatoes in total amount of its realization and, respectively, the decreasing specific weight of potatoes of harvest of previous year.

Also it is necessary register the prices of carrots, beet, cabbage of harvest of the current year from the moment of mass realization of these goods, considering the growing weight of products of harvest of the current year, gradually increasing the number of the price quotations corresponding to it.

Chapter 8. Registration of the prices (rates) for separate consumer goods (services) - representatives

36. For calculation of payment for maintenance of premises the sample is created of premises. Characteristics of the chosen premises (type, the area) shall remain invariable. Registration of rates is performed in housing and operational services, housing cooperatives. In shape the payment for maintenance of premises (at the time of service payment by the population) estimated for square meter separately on the state housing stock and on private housing stock (the house of housing cooperatives) is specified. If there is no opportunity directly to obtain primary statistical data about payment for maintenance of premises for one square meter, then the general payment for maintenance of premises is reflected in columns 4 and 9 of form, and estimated for square meter – in columns 5 and 10.

Consumers of housing services make payment for maintenance of premises:

according to the rates (for the total area of premises occupied within the established regulations);

and (or) on normative cost of content of one square meter of total area of premises (for the above-standard area and the area of premises in the presence at the payer of services in property and (or) in ownership of several premises and absence in them the services registered at the place of residence of the payer and (or) members of his family).

The payment for maintenance of premises at the established rate is subject to registration.

For registration of cost of hiring (lease) of premises the one-room apartments in the standard houses located in the central part of the city and on its suburbs which are let (lease) for a period of three months are taken away from physical persons.

The employer's payment for use of one-room apartment (room) in month without the cost of the services paid separately is registered (utilities, communication services and other). The employer's payment for use of one-room apartment (room) are registered in housing and operational services based on employment contracts of premises of private housing stock of citizens, in the organizations performing real estate transactions based on contracts for rendering realtor services in objects of housing stock (apartments) or on the basis of oral consultation of the realtor.

The amount of payment for use of one-room apartment (room) in the month established in foreign currency shall be converted into national currency on the official rate of National Bank established on registration date of the prices (rates).

For registration of cost of hiring of rent housing the apartments in the standard houses located in the central part of the city and on its suburbs which are let to the citizens staying on the registry of the housing conditions needing improvement or which are not staying on such registry are selected.

The cost of hiring of rent housing is determined on terms of the contract of hiring of rent housing and depends on the location, the level of improvement and the area of premises.

In housing and operational services the employer's payment for use of premises in month without the cost of the services paid separately (utilities, communication services and other) and without the privileges established for separate categories of citizens is registered. The payment for use of premises in month is reflected in columns 4 and 9 of form, and estimated for square meter of total area of premises – in columns 5 and 10.

37. The utilities included in calculation of IPTs are selected proceeding from structure and nature of their consumption in the republic.

The discounts provided to separate categories of citizens on payment of utilities on favorable terms in calculations of IPTs are not considered.

The monthly payment (at the time of fee by the population) for hot, cold water supply and water disposal (sewerage) expected one person is registered.

Because the population pays all complex of the provided services in hot water service where leave of water and its heating enters, the payment on one person a month for use of hot water is determined in the settlement way proceeding from:

the average (normative) size of expense of heat energy on heating of 1 m3 of water which in the cities of the republic can be various;

costs of unit of the heat energy operating in month under report;

consumption rates of hot water which in the cities of the republic can be various;

the average monthly number of days in year (30,42).

Example of calculation of payment on one person a month for use of hot water:  

Рисунок 3 к Пост. 114-19

The approved normative indicators are used in calculations of payment for hot water supply for each city before review of any of them.

The payment for use of plumbing and sanitary on one person a month is calculated proceeding from:

the actual average monthly consumption of cold water in year (counting on one person) which in the cities of the republic can be various;

the average monthly number of days in year (30,42);

rate for 1 m3 of cold water established for water consumption.

Example of calculation of payment for cold water supply in case of water consumption in month on average 6 m3:

Рисунок 4 к Пост. 114-19

Services of gas supply include use of network natural gas and the liquefied gas.

The payment (at the time of service payment by the population) counting on one person a month for the network natural gas used in apartment houses and apartments in the presence of the gas stove and centralized hot water supply or individual water heater (except for gas), without devices of individual accounting of consumption of gas is subject to registration.

In the separate district centers where apartment houses in which there is no centralized hot water supply prevail, the payment counting on one person a month established for consumption of natural gas in apartment houses and apartments in the presence of the gas stove (without devices of individual accounting of consumption of gas), but in the absence of centralized hot water supply and gas water heater is subject to registration.

On the liquefied gas the payment for the liquefied gas used in apartment houses and apartments, in cylinders weighing 21 kilogram is registered.

On heating services the payment (at the time of service payment by the population) for heating of one square meter of total area of the apartment in calculation in month is subject to registration. In case of determination of payment for heating it is necessary to consider also certain amount of the heat energy consumed for needs of heating (as in IPTs change of payment of final cost of the provided service is reflected).

The actual consumption of heat energy for needs of heating depends on technical characteristics of the apartment house (total area of the house, material of walls, number of storeys, design features of water supply systems and heating, condition of winterization of the house, the location of the house and other) therefore in calculations the average (normative) value of expense of heat energy is used.

The payment for heating per one square meter of total area of the apartment is calculated proceeding from:

average (normative) expense of heat energy on heating of one square meter of total area which affirms regional (city) executive committees and in the cities of the republic can be various;

costs of unit of the heat energy operating in month under report.

Example of calculation of payment for heating per one square meter of total area of the apartment:

Рисунок 5 к Пост. от 114-19

The payment for heating is levied only during the heating period (as a rule, October-April) therefore during shutdown of heating in apartment houses and apartments the following options of reflection of cost of services of heating in shape are recommended:

repeat the amount of the last payment for the rendered service during the entire period of lack of heating;

reflect the amount of the last payment corrected on indexation coefficient if the similar coefficient is established in relation to the cost of unit of the heat energy operating in month under report.

On service use of the elevator is registered the monthly payment (at the time of service payment by the population) expected one person living in premises (with a total area of 48 sq.m) of the apartment apartment house.

In case of determination of payment for use of the elevator are subject to registration:

rate for maintenance of the elevator;

the maximum permissible amount of expense recovery of the electric power for work of the installations providing movement of the elevator calculated on one apartment apartment house living in premises.

For determination of the general pay level for use of the elevator the size of cost of these types of service should be summed up.

On service the address with solid municipal waste is registered the monthly payment (at the time of service payment by the population) expected one person.

In case of determination of payment for the address with solid municipal waste are subject to registration:

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