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RESOLUTION OF COUNCIL OF MINISTERS OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS

of December 11, 2019 No. 847

About approval of specific sanitary and epidemiologic requirements

Based on the paragraph of third subitem 2.1 of Item 2 of general sanitary and epidemiologic requirements to content and operation of capital structures (buildings, constructions), the isolated rooms and other objects belonging to subjects of managing, approved by the Decree of the President of the Republic of Belarus of November 23, 2017 No. 7, Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus DECIDES:

1. Approve specific sanitary and epidemiologic requirements to establishment of sanitary protection zones of the objects which are objects of impact on health of the person and the environment (are applied).

2. Grant to the Ministry of Health the right to explain questions of application of specific sanitary and epidemiologic requirements to establishment of sanitary protection zones of the objects which are objects of impact on health of the person and the environment, approved by this resolution.

3. This resolution becomes effective after its official publication.

Prime Minister of the Republic of Belarus

S. Rumas

Approved by the Resolution of Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus of December 11, 2019 No. 847

Specific sanitary and epidemiologic requirements to establishment of sanitary protection zones of the objects which are objects of impact on health of the person and the environment

Chapter 1. General provisions

1. In these specific sanitary and epidemiologic requirements requirements to establishment of the sanitary protection zones operated, designed, again built buildings, constructions and other objects which are objects of impact on health of the person and the environment (further - objects), except for the requirements provided by legal acts are determined.

2. Action of these specific sanitary and epidemiologic requirements does not extend to the objects which are sources of ionizing radiation.

3. Requirements of these specific sanitary and epidemiologic requirements are obligatory for observance by legal entities and individual entrepreneurs.

4. The state sanitary inspection behind observance of these specific sanitary and epidemiologic requirements is exercised according to the procedure, established by the legislation.

5. The responsibility for violation and (or) failure to carry out of these specific sanitary and epidemiologic requirements is established according to the legislation.

6. For the purposes of these specific sanitary and epidemiologic requirements the following terms and their determinations are used:

the basic size of the sanitary protection zone (further - the basic size of the SPZ) - the sanitary protection zone size providing the sufficient level of safety for health of the population from harmful chemical, biological, physical impact of objects;

sanitary protection zone border (further - SPZ border) - the line limiting the territory of the sanitary protection zone outside which harmful chemical, biological, physical impact of object does not exceed the established hygienic standard rates;

building restriction zone - the territory where at the height more than 2 m from the Earth's surface the level of electromagnetic fields exceeds maximum permissible level. The external border of zone of restriction of building is determined by the maximum height of buildings of perspective building at which height of upper floor the level of electromagnetic fields does not exceed maximum permissible level;

the settlement size of the sanitary protection zone (further - the settlement size of the SPZ) - the sanitary protection zone size established based on calculations, providing observance of the established hygienic standard rates and acceptable risk levels for life and health of the population on border of the sanitary protection zone and beyond its limits;

the sanitary protection zone (further - the SPZ) - the territory which size provides the sufficient level of safety for health of the population from harmful chemical, biological, physical impact of objects, observance of the established hygienic standard rates and acceptable risk levels for life and health of the population on border of the SPZ and beyond its limits;

sanitary gap - the minimum distance from object which provides decrease in its chemical, biological, physical impact to values of the established hygienic standard rates and is not subject to reducing.

Chapter 2. Requirements to establishment of the sizes of the SPZ

7. The basic sizes of the SPZ of objects are established according to appendix 1.

8. The settlement sizes of the SPZ are established for the objects which are not specified in appendix 1, and objects which basic size of the SPZ changes.

9. Establishment of the settlement size of the SPZ of object is carried out based on the project of the SPZ of object with calculations of dispersion of emissions of pollutants in atmospheric air (taking into account background concentration of pollutants in atmospheric air), levels of physical impact and risk assessment for life and health of the population.

10. For groups of the objects united in territorial industrial complex (industrial hub), the settlement size of the SPZ taking into account total emissions of pollutants in atmospheric air and physical impact of the objects entering territorial industrial complex (industrial hub) can be established.

11. The basic and settlement sizes of the SPZ of objects are established from:

object territory borders if the amount of emissions of pollutants in atmospheric air from unorganized stationary sources of emissions of pollutants in atmospheric air of object makes more than 30 percent from the amount of gross emission;

organized stationary sources of emissions of pollutants in atmospheric air and sources of physical impact.

12. The border of the SPZ of object is established to:

borders of the parcels of land of farmstead type of building;

windows of apartment houses in case of small, average, the multi-storey and increased number of storeys to the housing estate;

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