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FEDERAL LAW OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

of July 20, 2000 No. 104-FZ

About the general principles of the organization of communities of indigenous ethnic groups of the North, Siberia and the Far East of the Russian Federation

(as amended on 20-10-2022)

Accepted by the State Duma of the Russian Federation on July 6, 2000

Approved by the Federation Council of the Russian Federation on July 7, 2000

This Federal Law establishes the general principles of the organization and activities of communities of indigenous ethnic groups of the North, Siberia and the Far East of the Russian Federation created for the purpose of protection of the primordial habitat, traditional conduct of life, the rights and legitimate interests of the specified indigenous ethnic groups and also determines the legal basis of communal form of self-government and the state guarantees of its implementation.

Article 1. Basic concepts

In this Federal Law the following concepts are used:

indigenous ethnic groups of the North, Siberia and the Far East of the Russian Federation (further - the small people) - the people living in regions of the North, Siberia and the Far East in the territories of traditional resettlement of the ancestors, keeping the traditional conduct of life, economic activity and crafts numbering less than 50 thousand people and realizing themselves independent ethnic communities;

representatives of other ethnic communities are the representatives of ethnic communities who are not belonging to the small people, but constantly living in places of traditional accommodation and traditional economic activity of the small people and performing traditional economic activity of the small people;

communities of the small people - forms of self-organization of the persons belonging to the small people and united on kinship (family, sort) and (or) territorial neighbour's to signs, created for the purpose of protection of their primordial habitat, preserving and development of traditional conduct of life, economic activity, crafts and culture;

family (patrimonial) units of the small people - forms of self-organization of the persons belonging to the small people, united on kinship sign, leading traditional life, performing traditional managing and who are engaged in traditional crafts;

territorial and neighbour's communities of the small people - forms of self-organization of the persons belonging to the small people, constantly living (compactly and (or) dispersno) in the territories of traditional resettlement in the places of traditional accommodation and traditional economic activity of the small people leading traditional life, performing traditional economic activity and which are engaged in traditional crafts;

the unions (associations) of communities of the small people - interregional, regional and local associations of communities of the small people.

Article 2. The relations regulated by this Federal Law

This Federal Law governs the relations in the field of the organization, activities, reorganization and liquidation of communities of the small people.

Article 3. Coverage of this Federal Law

Operation of this Federal Law extends to all communities of the small people including created before its entry into force and also to the unions (associations) of communities of the small people.

Article 4. Legislation of the Russian Federation on communities of the small people

1. The legislation of the Russian Federation on communities of the small people consists of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, this Federal Law, other Federal Laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, and also the laws and other regulatory legal acts of subjects of the Russian Federation.

2. Decisions concerning the internal organization of community of the small people and relations between her members can be accepted based on traditions and customs of the small people which are not contradicting the federal legislation and the legislation of subjects of the Russian Federation and not causing damage to interests of other ethnoses and citizens.

Article 5. Principles of the organization and object of activity of communities of the small people

The organization and activities of communities of the small people are based on the principles:

equalities of communities of the small people before the law regardless of types of their activities and the number of members of community of the small people;

voluntariness, equality, self-government and legality;

freedoms in determination of the internal structure, forms and methods of the activities;

publicity.

Activities of communities have non-commercial character.

The community of the small people can perform the any kinds of traditional economic activity of the small people and other types of activity which are not forbidden by the legislation of the Russian Federation and answering the purpose of activities of community of the small people which are provided by its charter. The community of the small people can perform entrepreneurial and other revenue-producing activities only so far as it serves goal achievement for the sake of which it is created, and answers the specified purpose provided that such activities are provided by its charter.

Article 6.

Voided according to the Federal Law of the Russian Federation of 20.10.2022 No. 403-FZ

Article 7. Relations of communities of the small people with public authorities, local government bodies, the organizations of all patterns of ownership and physical persons

1. Public authorities of the Russian Federation, public authorities of subjects of the Russian Federation for the purpose of protection of the primordial habitat and traditional conduct of life, the rights and legitimate interests of the small people can give help to communities of the small people, the unions (associations) of communities of the small people in type:

the paragraph two voided according to the Federal Law of the Russian Federation of 22.08.2004 No. 122-FZ

the paragraph third voided according to the Federal Law of the Russian Federation of 22.08.2004 No. 122-FZ

the conclusions with communities of the small people, the unions (associations) of communities of the small people of contracts for performance of works and provision of services according to the civil legislation;

target training by the professions necessary for communities of the small people, the unions (associations) of communities of the small people for self-government and traditional economic activity of the small people;

free advisory help with questions of traditional economic activity of the small people;

the social order for development and implementation of regional and local programs of the social and economic help to communities of the small people placed according to the procedure, stipulated by the legislation the Russian Federation about contractual system in the sphere of purchases of goods, works, services for ensuring the state and municipal needs.

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