of October 23, 2019 No. 715
About approval of the Concept of creation of objects for sorting and use of solid municipal waste and grounds for their burial
The Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus DECIDES:
1. Approve the Concept of creation of objects for sorting and use of solid municipal waste and grounds for their burial it (is applied).
Prime Minister of the Republic of Belarus
Approved by the Resolution of Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus of October 23, 2019 No. 715
This Concept determines the prospect of creation of objects for sorting and use of solid municipal waste (further - TKO), grounds for burial of TKO and other necessary infrastructure (further if other is not provided, - objects by the address from TKO), closings of the grounds and mini-grounds taken out of service for burial of TKO and recultivation of the parcels of land on which these grounds, in the Republic of Belarus till 2030 were placed.
This Concept is developed in development of National strategy in the address with solid municipal waste and secondary material resources in the Republic of Belarus for the period till 2035 approved by the resolution of Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus of July 28, 2017 No. 567, and the Concept of enhancement and development of housing and communal services till 2025 approved by the resolution of Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus of December 29, 2017 No. 1037.
Proceeding from the principles determined in this Concept and approaches to placement of objects according to the address from TKO, to closing of the grounds and mini-grounds taken out of service for burial of TKO and recultivation of the parcels of land on which these grounds were placed inclusion of the specified objects in medium-term state, industry and other programs will be performed, to be organized work on investment attraction, loans of international financial institutions, and also means of the international technical assistance.
In case of development of this Concept data of the feasibility statement on territorial placement of grounds for the burial of solid municipal waste, reloading stations and productions on sorting and use of municipal waste executed by the project republican unitary enterprise "Belkommunproyekt" in 2018 (further - the feasibility study), and also results of realization by the international public association "Ekoproyekt "Partnership" of the project of the international technical assistance of the European Union "Development of strategy of the integrated management of municipal waste for sustainable development of the Minsk region, the Republic of Belarus are used".
The purpose of implementation of this Concept is creation of network of the objects providing ecologically safe and cost-efficient handling of TKO taking into account use at least 50 percent of amount of their education by 2035.
Tasks of implementation of this Concept is the following:
determination of territorial placement of objects according to the address from TKO;
assessment of necessary investments and sources of financing for creation of objects according to the address from TKO;
determination of terms of construction of facilities according to the address from TKO, closing of the grounds and mini-grounds taken out of service for burial of TKO and recultivation of the parcels of land on which these grounds were placed.
The European legislative and normative requirements to landfills, including TKO, are stated in the European Union directive 1999/31/EU (Directive 1999/31/EC on the landfill of waste) (further - the Directive of the EU).
The purpose of implementation of the Directive of the EU - presentation of strict operational and technical requirements to waste and grounds for their burial to minimize negative impact on the environment, in particular on surface and underground water, the soil and air, including at the global level, including greenhouse effect, and also any risk to human health as a result of actions for waste disposal.
In the Directive of the EU functional and technical requirements to waste and places of their burial are established: types of waste which can be buried in the ground, procedures of receipt of permission to waste disposal, the list of documents for receipt of permission, condition of provision of permission, the procedure of acceptance of waste for grounds for burial are determined.
The directive of the EU also establishes classification of grounds, procedures of development and acceptance of national strategy for reduction of formation of waste, creation of system of pricing for the purpose of accounting of all costs in the amount of payment for waste disposal, development of procedures of monitoring and control officially of the created grounds, closings of grounds, implementation of technical assessment of grounds, plan development of their reduction in compliance with requirements of the Directive of the EU and another.
Modern landfills assume the difficult engineering which is extremely reducing danger of penetration of hazardous substances into the environment. Activities for their operation are subject to licensing (as a rule, it is performed by national environmental protection agencies). Public control over operation of the ground is provided.
Realization in member countries of the European Union of the general principles of the legislation on waste disposal led to considerable transformations in this sphere.
First, the burials established in the Directive of the EU the principle on grounds only of that waste which underwent preliminary processing (treatment) and the requirement about decrease in amounts of burial of biodegradable waste became key factors of dynamic development of processes of reuse and conversion of waste and reducings amounts of their burial.
Secondly, high technical requirements to the engineering equipment of grounds and the related considerable investments into construction of facilities promoted creation of large regional grounds for the purpose of decrease in specific capital costs.
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