of June 9, 2005 No. 115-XVI
About ecological farm-production
The parliament adopts this organic law.
(1) This law governs the social relations connected with production of ecological agricultural products without use of chemical and synthetic substances and also realization of ecological products of plant and animal origin:
a) primary, not processed;
b) processed, intended for consumption by the population which part one or several ingredients of plant or animal origin are;
c) the forages and raw materials which are not provided in Item and).
(2) the Term "ecological" applied in this law is identical to the terms "biological", "organic" or their derivatives.
The basic concepts used in this law mean:
ecological farm-production - obtaining, storage, conversion of agricultural food products without use of chemical and synthetic substances according to the requirements of ecological production established present by the law, with observance of national and international standards in the field, certified in accordance with the established procedure;
competent authority in the field of ecological farm-production (further - competent authority) the body of the central public management responsible for regulation of activities in the field of farm-production;
inspection - check of food agricultural products or control systems of the processed and deliverable products, raw materials, including testing of products in the course of conversion and final product, check of compliance of products to requirements imposed to ecological agricultural products and also check of production process and systems of conversion;
certification - the procedure by means of which the body for inspection and certification grants the written certificate that methods of receipt of these agricultural products or system of its control correspond to the methods or control systems used in ecological farm-production;
body for inspection and certification - any legal entity of public or private law authorized by competent authority to perform check of observance of provisions of this law during the obtaining, production, packaging, manipulation, sale, import or export of the product realized or labeled as ecological;
the conversion period - time from the beginning of observance of regulations of receipt of ecological agricultural products at the company until its certification; ingredient - any substance or material which are part of product in the form of additive for giving of certain qualities to it;
raw materials - products of plant or animal origin in natural, fresh, tinned type or the products of its industrial conversion, and also the organic and inorganic substances which are containing or not containing the additives entered into forage of animals;
granting of power - the procedure by means of which the competent authority recognizes compliance of legal entity or physical person to requirements imposed to ecological farm-production;
aquaculture - cultivation or cultivation of water organisms using the methods directed to increase in production of these organisms over the natural potential of the circle. These organisms constitute property of physical person or legal entity at stage of cultivation or cultivation, including harvesting;
promotion - any public representation performed other than labeling by method aiming or able to influence the relation, belief and behavior and to create those, for the purpose of direct or indirect sales promotion of ecological products;
the genetically modified organisms and their proizvodnyeorganizm received by methods in case of which genetic material was changed artificially by reproduction/recombination, except for those that were received in case of conjugation, transduction and hybridization;
the national sign "Agricultura Ecologica-Republica Moldova" ("Ecological agricultural industry - the Republic of Moldova") - the combination of the text and graphical representation applied on the label of ecological agricultural product or provided near such product for the purpose of labeling, representation and promotion of ecological agricultural products.
Ecological farm-production is based on the following general principles:
a) creation of the various steady balanced agroecosystems providing protection of natural resources, health and life of consumers;
b) non-admission of use of any contaminating technologies and restrictive regulation of use of chemical and synthetic substances and implementation of potentially destructive agricultural works;
c) protection and increase in variety by the choice of types and plant varieties, and also methods of cultivation of animals that can promote harmonization of ecological farm-production with natural opportunities of the earth;
d) creation of production structures and the balanced crop rotations in which the main role belongs to grades and breeds with high extent of adaptation and genetic resistance to diseases and wreckers;
e) application in crop production and livestock production of the modern technologies conforming to requirements of types, grades and breeds;
f) permanent maintenance and increase in natural fertility of the soil, and also integration of system of crop production and system of livestock production;
g) the creation of the mechanisms of placement in space of ecological farm-production providing existence of the steady balanced agroecosystems and doing possible the structuring geographical configuration stimulating natural processes of self-cleaning and recovery of soils, decrease in concentration of pollutants in the soil and allowing to prevent their hit from the soil in plants, reservoirs and the atmosphere, to keep pollution sources under control;
h) implementation of business activity in the field of ecological farm-production on the principle of voluntariness.
(1) Competent authority in the field of ecological farm-production is the Ministry of Agriculture and the food industry.
(2) Ministry of Agriculture and food industry:
a) develops policy in the field of ecological farm-production and provides its realization;
b) develops and submits for approval to the Government the regulations regulating production, conversion, packaging, marking, certification, import, export and realization of ecological agricultural products;
b 1) takes measures for registration and registers the national sign "Agricultura Ecologica-Republica Moldova";
b 2) approves statements of applicants and resolves use of the national sign "Agricultura Ecologica-Republica Moldova";
d) also complete monitoring of all segments of the steady balanced agroecosystems exercises the state control of observance of regulations in the field;
e) develops and approves criteria of granting of power to bodies for inspection and certification;
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