Document from CIS Legislation database © 2003-2024 SojuzPravoInform LLC

RESOLUTION OF THE MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF BELARUS

of March 18, 2019 No. 14

About approval of the aviation rules "Ensuring Civil Aviation with Aviation Fuels and Lubricants and Special Liquids"

(as amended on 08-11-2022)

Based on paragraphs 4 and 9 of article 6 of the Air code of the Republic of Belarus the Ministry of Transport and Communications of the Republic of Belarus DECIDES:

1. Approve the aviation rules "Ensuring Civil Aviation with Aviation Fuels and Lubricants and Special Liquids" (are applied).

2. This resolution becomes effective after its official publication.

Minister

A. N. Avramenko

Approved by the Resolution of the Ministry of Transport and Communications of the Republic of Belarus of March 18, 2019 No. 14

Aviation rules "Ensuring Civil Aviation with Aviation Fuels and Lubricants and Special Liquids"

Section I. General questions

Chapter 1. Basic provisions

1. These aviation rules are developed for the purpose of realization of the Management on supply of civil aviation with jet fuel (Doc 9977) developed by International Civil Aviation Organization (IKAO), the Standard 1530 "Requirements to quality assurance of aviafuels in case of production, storage and distribution in the airports" (EI/JIG Standard 1530) and taking into account provisions of technical regulatory legal acts on the aviation fuels and lubricants and special liquids applied in civil aviation (further – TNPA).

2. These aviation rules:

2.1. establish requirements to the aviation organizations and their divisions regarding providing aviation engineering of civil aviation with aviation fuels and lubricants and special liquids;

2.2. perform functions of the operational and technical, fabrication document in case of implementation, maintenance in working order and accomplishment by personnel of the aviation civil aviation organizations and divisions which are engaged in providing with aviation fuels and lubricants and special liquids, all necessary production procedures provided by the regulating documentation;

2.3. determine technology of providing aviation civil aviation organizations with aviation fuels and lubricants and special liquids, namely:

requirements to safety management, quality and transactions during aviation fuel supply of civil aviation;

normative and technical bases on acceptance, storage, preparation and application, quality control and the admission of aviation fuels and lubricants and special liquids to application on aviation engineering of civil aviation;

procedure for use of the aviation fuels and lubricants and special liquids allowed to application on different types of air vehicles;

criteria of suitability of aviation fuels and lubricants and special liquids for application on air vehicles;

technology of preparation of aviation fuels and lubricants and special liquids for issue on gas station of air vehicles;

the organization, amount and procedure for monitoring procedure of quality of aviation fuels and lubricants and special liquids, including in case of receipt in service (site) of fuels and lubricants of the aviation organization, in case of their storage in warehouses and in case of issue on gas station of air vehicles, and also in case of issue on temporary airfields and landing sites;

the main actions for ensuring safety of quality of aviation fuels and lubricants and special liquids in case of their stay in warehouse of fuels and lubricants of aviation civil aviation organization and means of gas station of air vehicles;

2.4. are the fundamental document:

establishing the standard forms of documents applied in activities with aviation fuels and lubricants and special liquids in forms No. 1 – No. 30 according to appendix 1;

for development and application by aviation civil aviation organizations of technological instructions (technologies), job descriptions for personnel of services (sites) of fuels and lubricants taking into account specific specifics of aviation civil aviation organizations;

for use by personnel of service, (site) of fuels and lubricants in volume of complex of attended operations for the relevant aviation organization of standard process charts for aviation fuel supply, for acceptance, warehousing, storage and issue aviation fuel and lubricants material and special liquids No. 1 – No. 8 according to appendix 2.

3. In these aviation rules the following terms, their determinations and reducings are applied:

airline – the organization making passenger and goods airborne transportation, aerial works;

aviation fuels and lubricants (further – aviafuel and lubricants) – the general name of aviafuels, oils, the lubricant applied in case of operation of aviation engineering (further – aviation equipment);

aviation fuel supply – the airport activities aimed at providing operation and servicing of air vehicles (further – AF) standard aviafuel and lubricants, SZh (acceptance, storage, preparation and issue on AF gas station, AF gas station, control of quantity and quality characteristics aviafuel and lubricants, SZh);

aviation fuel (aviation gasoline and kerosene) (further – aviation fuel) – the combustible substance entered together with air into combustion tube of the engine of the flight vehicle for receipt of heat energy in the course of oxidation by oxygen of air (burning);

warranty period of storage of aviafuel and lubricants, SZh – the term specified in ND production and supply of aviafuel and lubricants during SZh in case of which observance of resolutive conditions of storage, this material meets all requirements regulated by ND;

The declaration of conformity – the document in which the manufacturer or person authorized by the manufacturer, or the seller (supplier) certify products compliance to the technical requirements containing in the technical regulations of the Republic of Belarus or regulatory legal acts of the President of the Republic of Belarus or Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus providing introduction of obligatory confirmation of conformity due to the need of initiation of efficient measures of state regulation;

AF gas station – complex of works on filling of onboard reservoirs of AF with the aviafuel and lubricants brands established for their operation;

aviation engineering service (further – IAS) – division of aviation civil aviation organization (further – GA) organizing and providing technical exploitation of aviation equipment;

calibration of gage devices (further – calibration) – work by metrological assessment during which the ratio between the value of size received with use of gage device or standard of unit of size, and value of the size reproduced and (or) stored by national standard of unit of size, standard of unit of size of the same sort or standard sample for the purpose of determination of the valid metrological characteristics of gage device is established;

quality of aviafuel and lubricants – set of properties of aviafuels, oils, the lubricant meeting the requirements of the corresponding technical specifications and the purposes of the end user from the point of view of their quality and purity;

quality of aviafuel and lubricants – compliance of aviafuel and lubricants to requirements of ND;

controlled lot of products – intended for control, the set of units of production of one name, standard rating or standard size and execution made during certain time interval in the same conditions;

control – system of ensuring keeping of standards on industrial output by testing of tests of end product for compliance to technical specifications;

quality control of aviafuel and lubricants – determination by physical and chemical methods of the analysis of measure values of quality of aviafuels, oils and lubricant for establishment of their compliance to requirements of TNPA of this product;

the control coupon – the document issued by service (site) of fuel and lubricants of the GA aviation organization which was carrying out storage, preparation for issue and the quality control of aviafuel and lubricants on specific means of gas station of aviation equipment confirming quality of aviafuel and lubricants of aviation equipment who is filled in in means of filling, accomplishment of necessary preparation of this means of gas station for acceptance, storage, transportation of aviafuel and lubricants and resolving carrying out gas station of aviafuel and lubricants aviation equipment from this means of gas station;

fuel and lubricants laboratory – the structural division of the GA aviation organization providing quality control of aviafuel and lubricants, SZh on any of stages of their address;

control method – rules of use of certain principles and control facilities;

metrological assessment – set of works, the measurements taken for the purpose of ensuring unity;

the metrological characteristic of gage device – the characteristic of one of properties of gage device influencing result of measurements;

metrological requirements – quantitative and (or) high-quality requirements (verbal and (or) digital indicators, standard rates, rules, classifications, verbal and graphical descriptions) to the characteristics of properties of national standards of units of sizes, standards of units of sizes, standard samples, gage devices, techniques (methods) of measurements influencing result of measurements and to conditions under which these characteristics shall be provided, and also to the measured products parameters;

the regulating document (further – ND) – the document containing rules, the general principles or characteristics concerning different types of activities or their results including the establishing procedure and the work content or their separate stages, methods (methods, acceptances) of work, task, function, obligation and the right of bodies and services of subjects of civil aviation. Regulatory legal acts, including TNPA concern to them;

objects of aviation fuel supply – the building, constructions, production equipment and the communications of services of the GA aviation organization intended for aviation fuel supply;

the quality certificate on aviafuel and lubricants – the document on batch of aviafuel and lubricants in which results of testing, the conclusions about compliance of figure of merits of aviafuel and lubricants of this batch to requirements of TNPA are specified;

batch – any product quantity, made during the continuous engineering procedure accompanied with one quality certificate (the passport of products) issued in case of acceptance based on testing of the joint test;

checking of gage device (further – checking) – work by metrological assessment during which gage device compliance to mandatory metrological requirements proves to be true;

the supplier of aviafuel and lubricants – the legal entity who is the producer and (or) the seller of aviafuel and lubricants;

the consumer of aviafuel and lubricants – legal entity or physical person, being the acquirer of aviafuel and lubricants for the purpose of operation of AF;

antiwater crystallizational liquid (further – PVK liquid) – the additives added to the aviation kerosene filled in AF for the purpose of decrease in probability of frosting-up of the main fuel filters of the gas turbine engines which do not have systems of heating of aviation fuel in front of these filters and also as the liquids preventing formation of crystals of ice in the aviation fuel which is in fuel tanks of AF;

deicing fluid (further – POZh) – intends for removal from surface of AF on the earth of ice formations (ice, the frozen snow, hoarfrost), and also preventive processing of AF for the purpose of its protection from ice accretion on the earth;

The quality manual – the document determining system of management by quality of the aviation organization;

The certificate of conformity on aviafuel and lubricants – the document confirming products compliance to quality requirements and safety established for it ND;

the Dedman system – system of remote monitoring of process management of AF gas station aviation fuel of timer type with check of management function through equal time intervals and constant control of efficiency of the operator;

the Interlok system – system of the complex control of provisions of equipment components providing AF gas station with aviation fuel with forced blocking of movement of the refueling vehicle of the vehicle chassis, airfield through brake system, for the purpose of exception of possibility of their movement in case of accomplishment not in full transfer procedures of equipment components from on-position in transport;

system of single-point fueling of AF (further – STsZ) – complex of constructions and production equipment for supply of aviation fuel from reservoirs in fuel tanks of AF by means of stationary pumps on process pipelines and via filling aggregates;

special liquids (further – SZh) – different to destination and to properties the materials used in fluidity in case of operation, repair and maintenance of AF and aircraft engines (working fluids of hydraulic systems, organic solvents and removers, the technical washing liquids, liquid POZh and PVK, and also their components, inorganic acids and other products of special purpose);

the fuels and lubricants warehouse – complex of buildings, constructions, installations and the equipment for acceptance, storage and issue of aviafuel and lubricants, SZh on AF gas station, and special transport;

service (site) of fuel and lubricants – structural division of the GA aviation organization (fuelling complex, service or the site of fuel and lubricants, etc. depending on the GA aviation organization) which provides acceptance, storage, preparation and issue of aviafuel and lubricants on AF and fuel and Lubricants gas station for the land equipment with observance of rules on labor protection, flammability control and environmental protection;

service (division) of ground handling operations – division (or a little) the GA aviation organization or one of structural units of division performing the works connected with ground handling operations of AF at the airport;

control facility – engineering device, substance and (or) material for monitoring procedure;

gage device – the technical tool intended for measurements, having metrological characteristics which values are accepted invariable during certain time;

technical documentation (further – TD) – the documents relating to activities for aviation fuel supply (for example, the documentary procedure, the fabrication documentation on process or test procedure) or to products of aviafuel and lubricants, SZh (for example, technical specifications on products, the operating documentation and drawings);

engineering supervision – check of compliance of object to the established technical requirements;

maintenance of aviation equipment – complex of the works (transactions) performed on the aircraft technician, aiming at preparation of AF for flights, maintenance of operability, working capacity and correctness of functioning of aviation equipment in case of its use to destination in case of storage and transportation;

Technology for the organization of work on aviation fuel supply – the document approved by the head of the GA aviation organization, regulating performance of works of production cycle on aviation fuel supply;

purity of aviafuel and lubricants – the level of impurity of aviafuel and lubricants particles of the mineral and organic nature ("mechanical impurities", "water") established by consecutive technological transactions in case of level control of purity of aviation fuel;

the technical and operational documentation (further – ETD) – the documents regulating flight and technical operation of AF (flight manual, Maintenance manuals, regulations of works on maintenance, etc.), the designs intended for studying, service regulations and maintenance, planning and registration of works on maintenance of aviation equipment, and also for accounting of work, number, movement and technical condition of aviation equipment, accounting of its completions and accounting.

Other terms containing in these aviation rules are applied in the values determined in the Air code of the Republic of Belarus.

4. For the purposes of these aviation rules also following reducings are applied:

ATTs – truck fuel tank;

VKShch – water-soluble acids and alkalis;

AFU – the auxiliary power unit;

ZhDTs – the cistern car;

ICT – the fuel quality indicator;

KRD – control and registration documentation;

KIP – test instruments;

MZ – the oil dispenser;

NNZ – tip of the lower gas station;

POSES T – the device of determination of impurity of fuels;

PSZ – mobile means of gas station;

SMK – quality management system;

CST – service of special transport;

SUB – safety management system;

SUBP – safety management system of flights;

TZ – the refueling vehicle;

TZA – the refueling vehicle airfield;

THAT is maintenance;

TSZ – technical means of gas station.

5. Information and documentary support of works on aviation fuel supply shall be carried out according to the requirements specified in these aviation rules.

6. All documentation of service (site) of fuel and lubricants of the GA aviation organization shall be considered in the general list of the documents obligatory to application in service (site) of fuel and lubricants, with indication of number of copies and their distribution on divisions.

All documents are signed by person performing. For electronic accounting documentation as the signature alternative, is allowed use of the system protected by the password, testable individual person. Also backup is required (at least, weekly).

Documents on daily, weekly and monthly checks shall be stored at least one year.

Documents on less frequent scheduled inspections, results of all testing on membrane filters, all magazines taking into account all unplanned works shall be stored at least three years.

Section II. Safety management, quality and transactions

Chapter 2. Safety management

7. Each GA aviation organization performing activities for aviation fuel supply shall have the reliable SUB including necessary organizational structure from four leading particulars connected with safety control: policy and purposes, management of risk factors, safety control and promoting of safety issues.

8. SUB provides:

identification and confirmation of hazardous conditions, and risks assessment for safety, including the risks resulting from changes and implementation of new technologies or products;

pro-active and reactive risk management methods and finishing them to the appropriate acceptable levels determined by the GA aviation organizations specified in their system managements;

change management process as element of system of safety control;

process of internal monitoring of security status – check of the organization of control of safety control;

processes of assessment of adequacy of SUB, including processes of the relevant third parties and measure for improvement of the indicators which are responsible for safety.

Chapter 3. Quality management and its communication with safety management

9. The process of control and quality assurance reflecting the international practice is part of reliable SMK, and controls quality supplement efforts on risk management for aviation safety of AF.

10. The GA aviation organization performing activities for aviation fuel supply of airborne transportations shall have SMK for ensuring compliance of aviation fuel to technical specifications and quality requirements when aviation fuel is at its disposal and (or) under its control. Such systems shall provide:

the control and registration of procedures of the treatment of aviafuel and lubricants confirming the proper handling and necessary testing of aviafuel and lubricants on all way of supply from acceptance of aviafuel and lubricants before gas station of AF it;

tracking for ensuring compliance of aviafuel and lubricants to technical specifications and the purpose at the time of delivery to AF;

accounting of possible changes or modifications of standard procedures of aviation fuel supply that the change management process, for ensuring integrity of logistics system and amendment of similar change management process within safety management and use of element of management of risk factors of SUBP or alternative industry standard was effective;

the notification on enforcement of standard procedures after modification or modifications.

11. Elements of the described and documented SMK shall include:

the purposes and tasks with accurately formulated basic principles, standards and procedures;

organizational structure with distribution of managerial obligations;

the competent and properly prepared personnel having the document confirming qualification;

providing, content and calibration of necessary means and equipment;

the proper processes and procedures corresponding to field of activity of the company.

Chapter 4. Management of transactions

12. For compliance to the purposes of these aviation rules the GA aviation organizations performing aviation fuel supply of airborne transportations shall develop and accept the Maintenance manual to use. It shall include:

12.1. organizational structure;

12.2. surnames, functions and obligations of the key qualified personnel having necessary knowledge and experience where enter:

the senior managing director on whom the shared responsibility and powers concerning policy, the purposes, procedures, projects and products of the organization are conferred;

the managing directors having powers on introduction and change of processes;

the procedure providing continuity of accomplishment of tasks and programs in the field of safety control or quality during absence of any service employee on which the main responsibility for this task or the program is conferred;

12.3. systems of health protection, labor protection, safety control, environmental protection and SMK, including elements of observance of their requirements, policy and the purposes in these spheres including concerning obligations of management and competence of the organization;

12.4. criteria, target measures and indicators of maintenance of product quality;

12.5. the internal audit performed by the competent persons not dependent on management of everyday transactions including evaluation procedure of processes and elements of performance monitoring of processes, including:

identification of cases of non-compliance with engineering procedures of the company;

elimination of the revealed discrepancies;

determination of competence of the organization;

12.6. the production schedules and control procedures covering respectively the operational procedure on joints with other parts of system including the requirements to safety established by end users;

12.7. plans for case of emergency situation, including the plans of ensuring integrity of objects and stability of functioning of the company considering plans of providing continuity of functioning of components and their requirement;

12.8. training program and promotion of labor protection;

12.9. document management;

12:10. substantive audit.

13. The GA aviation organizations performing activities for aviation fuel supply shall have also necessary rooms and provide necessary resources for work of specialists – financial, technical, logistic and human. In case of doubtings of the Maintenance manual or resources, or for assessment of their adequacy it is necessary to carry out the analysis of gaps in relation to content of this Management and ensuring requirements and scales of productive activity.

Section III. General requirements to the aviafuel and lubricants allowed to application

Chapter 5. General provisions

14. Aviation fuel brands according to ETD of the AF specific type provided in table 1 are allowed to application on AF.

Table 1. The main brands of aviafuels allowed to application on GA aviation equipment

Engine type

Brand of aviation fuel and ND according to which it is made

Gas turbine engines

Aviakerosene TS-1 and RT (GOST 10227-86)
JET A, JET A-1 (GOST 32595-2013)

Piston engines

B-100/130 B-92, B-91/115, aviagasolines
100L, AVGAS 100LL, B91UL (GOST 1012-2013)

15. The list of aviation fuel, allowed to application, according to table 1 is specified in Maintenance manuals. Features of use of aviation fuel are determined by ETD for the specified types of aviation equipment.

16. The AVIAFUEL AND LUBRICANTS issued on AF gas station shall undergo all transactions of technological preparation from the moment of revenues to the fuels and lubricants warehouse and before issue on AF gas station, and also correspond to TD.

The AVIAFUEL AND LUBRICANTS which did not have all transactions technological training and quality control in volume of requirements of these aviation rules are forbidden to be applied on the aircraft technician.

17. The used aviafuel and lubricants shall have the documents confirming quality of aviation fuel.

Chapter 6. Aviation fuel

18. Aviation fuel according to TD on their production and application can be applied with complex of additives.

19. Storage in reservoirs and in means of gas station of the aviafuels made on different ND shall be made separately, mixing of the specified brands of aviafuels, and also standard and non-conforming product is not allowed.

20. Aviation gasoline like AVGAS 100LL is the high-octane mix of hydrocarbons prepared by processing of the crude oil with addition of ethyl fluid, antioxidant and dye. Content of lead as a part of AVGAS 100LL aviation petrol does not exceed 0,56 of g/l that allows to improve its ecological properties and "keeping", and also to reduce harmful effects on the environment and the personnel working with it.

Chapter 7. Technical features of use of aviafuels

21. For use of aviakerosene of the PT and TC-1, brands proceeding from passport details of manufacturing plant of aviation fuel on indicator "Crystallization temperature", according to climatic conditions at the airport of departure/arrival, the following requirements shall be observed:

aviation fuel with crystallization temperature not above minus 60 °C (on passport details of the manufacturer or data of analyses of fuel and lubricants laboratory of the aviation organization) is allowed to be applied without restrictions in all climatic areas according to GOST 10227-86;

aviation fuel with crystallization temperature not above minus 50 °C is allowed to be applied without restrictions in all climatic areas, except the region of I, at temperature of fresh air at the earth not lower minus 45 °C;

to apply mix of RT and TS-1 aviafuels with different crystallization temperatures according to the standard rates established for product from the highest of crystallization temperatures specified in the passport;

on site applications when carrying out acceptance inspection of mixture ratio of RT and TS-1 aviafuels to be guided by the regulations specified in table 2.

Table 2. Indicators and regulations for carrying out acceptance inspection of mixture ratio of RT and TS-1 aviafuels

Name of indicators

Regulation for the mix RT+TS-1

Test method

1. Density in case of 20 °C, 3, is at least kg/m

775

GOST 3900-85

2. Fractional structure:

GOST 2177-99

temperature began distillations of °C

it is not normalized, determination is obligatory

10% are driven away at temperature, °C, not above

175

50% are driven away at temperature, °C, not above

225

90% are driven away at temperature, °C, not above

270

98% are driven away at temperature, °C, not above

280

remaining balance from acceleration, %, no more

1,5

losses from acceleration, %, no more

1,5

3. The kinematic viscosity, mm2 / with (cSt) at temperature of 20 °C, is at least

1,25

GOST 33-2016

4. Acidity, mg of KON on 100 cm3 of fuel, no more

0,7

GOST 5985-79 and GOST 10227-86

5. Flash temperature determined in the closed crucible is not lower than °C

28

GOST 6356-75

6. Concentration of the actual pitches, mg on 100 cm3 of fuel:

GOST 8489-85

for fresh fuel, no more

4,0

after long-term storage, no more

6,0

7. Content of VKShch

absence

GOST 6307-75

8. Content of mechanical impurities and water

absence

GOST 10227-86

9. Interaction with water, point, no more:

GOST 27154-86

Section surface condition

1

condition of the divided phases

1

22. In case of arrival in the airport where the current ambient air temperature is lower minus 30 °C, with remaining balance of the aviation fuel having crystallization temperature are not higher minus 50 °C and if to departure more than 24 hours, within no more than 1 hour the aviation fuel remaining balance from fuel tanks of AF is required or to merge or to refuel AF aviation fuel with crystallization temperature not above minus 60 °C.

23. When finding aviation fuel in production equipment of the fuels and lubricants warehouse of the aviation HECTARE, TSZ organization, and also in fuel system of AF, under certain conditions there can be aviation fuel opacification phenomenon found in case of purity control visual and (or) tool by methods. Can be the reasons of opacification of aviation fuel:

availability in aviation fuel of emulsion water;

incomplete dissolution in it the added PVK of liquid;

partial allocation of PVK of liquid together with dissolved water from aviation fuel as a result of change of environmental conditions.

Availability of emulsion water in aviation fuel is rejection sign. With respect thereto emulsion water is subject to obligatory removal from aviation fuel by upholding and draining of the collected sediment, and also carrying out filtering aviation fuel through means of water separation.

24. Short, no more than 30 minutes, aviation fuel opacification, after input of PVK of liquid, rejection sign is not.

25. Use of muddy fuel before clarification of the reasons of opacification and performance of works on achievement of complete transparency of aviation fuel is not allowed.

26. In case of incomplete dissolution of PVK of liquid in case of dosage, and also in case of sharp fall of temperature of air opacification of fuel in reservoirs of fuels and lubricants warehouses and means of gas station is possible. In this case it is necessary to check purity of fuel of the same batch without addition of PVK of liquid, quality of the liquid for content of water and observance of regulations of dosing. In case of positive results of all analyses and checks aviation fuel is allowed to AF gas station.

In case of content in aviation fuel in fuel tanks of AF process of opacification of fuel is intensified by liquid PVK as a result of number of climatic and operational factors.

Opacification of fuel with PVK liquid in fuel tanks of AF is not rejection sign, in this case it is necessary to merge the accumulating sediment without fail.

27. The documents confirming quality of AVGAS 100LL aviation petrol shall contain:

name and designation of brand of aviation fuel;

the name of the manufacturer (authorized by the manufacturer of person) either the importer, or the seller, their location (with indication of the country);

normative requirements and actual results of testing;

date of issue and passport number;

the signature of person which drew up the passport;

data according to the Declaration of conformity;

data on availability in aviation petrol of additives.

Chapter 8. Aviation oils, lubricant and SZh

28. Oils and lubricant are applied according to requirements of the Maintenance manual to specific type of aviation equipment.

29. Working (hydraulic) fluids apply as propulsive mass in hydraulic systems of AF to transfer of efforts in elements of their design.

30. Pressure fluids are applied according to requirements of the Maintenance manual to specific type of aviation equipment.

31. Admissibility of mixing of different brands of oils, lubricant and working fluids is determined by ND and ETD on the AF specific type.

32. When filling in filling means of working fluids for the purpose of prevention of hit of water and foreign inclusions it is necessary:

use working fluid from the hermetic, sealed-up or soldered by covers cans;

clear tank fillers of hydraulic tanks and cans of pollution;

not to shake up and not to mix working fluid in container;

in case of partial use of working fluid it is hermetic to close and oplombirovyvat container with the remained product.

33. PVK liquid are used in the form of additives in aviation fuel of the RT and TS-1 brand for decrease in probability of frosting-up of fuel filters of the gas turbine engines and jet engines which do not have fuel preheat systems in front of these filters.

PVK liquid is entered into aviation fuel mainly at temperatures of fresh air at airport of departure of +5 °C and below, in the summer in cases of prolonged flights, and also when flying AF for polar circle.

34. Regulations of doping of PVK of liquid in aviation fuel are established by ETD of the AF specific type, bulletins of the industry taking into account features of design of fuel systems for each AF type and the PVK brands of liquid, air temperature at airport of departure, flight duration, and also other features and flight conditions depend on the AF type.

In aviation fuel are allowed to application of brand of additives PVK of liquids ethylcellosolve technical according to GOST 8313-88 (liquid "I") and ethylcellosolve of 50% plus methanol of 50% according to OST 53-3-175-73-99 (I-M liquid) and others according to ETD of AF.

35. PVK liquid are entered into aviation fuel on site of application. Determines necessary concentration of additive PVK of liquid in aviation fuel for flight of specific AF and orders in the GA aviation organization (along with the request for necessary amount of aviation fuel) crew of AF based on AF ETD, meteoconditions at airport of departure, the forthcoming flight duration, distance to alternate aerodromes, etc.

36. In the absence of aviation fuel without PVK of liquid, including the having specified systems of heating, it is allowed to apply aviation fuel with liquid PVK additives to gas station of all AF types.

37. Use of fuel of brands TS-1 and RT with PVK liquid for AF gas station is allowed at temperature of fresh air of +5 °C and above.

38. The liquid PVK intended to application shall undergo control in the amount established in Chapter 30 of these aviation rules. Special attention needs to be paid on compliance of PVK of liquid to requirements of ND for water content.

PVK liquid with content of water is higher than normative value it is forbidden to apply.

39. In case aviation fuel which contains PVK liquid for one reason or another was in contact with water, it is necessary to select surely its test which to direct to the analysis in fuel and lubricants laboratory.

40. If analysis results show that PVK liquid is in aviation fuel less than the set quantity, then the short quantity of PVK of liquid needs to be added, and only after that fuel is allowed for gas station in AF.

41. Emergence of traces of iron and other metals in PVK of liquid in case of its storage in places of application is not rejection sign for use for the intended purpose.

42. The increased concentration of PVK of liquid (above % 0,3) in aviation fuel can lead to washing away of components of impregnation of separate brands of filter elements. Exceeding of admissible concentration of PVK of liquid in aviation fuel can happen, as because of inaccuracy of dosing in case of liquid additive PVK input in aviation fuel, and as a result of layer-by-layer change of concentration of PVK of liquid because of its limited dissolution in aviation fuel on condition of sharp temperature difference in the negative range and high humidity of ambient air.

43. In the conditions of high humidity and sharp temperature drops fault-free functioning of fuel systems of AF requires accomplishment of complex of the actions including:

issue on gas station from storages or means of gas station of the purified aviation fuel which is not containing settling water;

removal from fuel tanks of AF of the collected water sediment and crystals of ice;

accumulating exception on filter elements and in cavity of filter box of crystals of ice and settling water;

monitoring procedure behind the level of impurity of filter elements;

whenever possible, the maximum filling with aviation fuel of fuel tanks of AF after its arrival for the purpose of exception of formation of condensate and hoarfrost on walls of nadtoplivny space.

44. In case of fall of temperature of ambient air is lower minus 25 °C and its high humidity, control over the implementation of the above actions shall be strengthened.

45. As the measure providing absence in the filled aviation fuel of settling water and crystals of ice draining of sediment from regular points of means of gas station is applied. The sediment merges to absence in bank, used for draining of sediment, settling water and visually visible mechanical impurities and crystals of ice.

46. Draining of sediment from fuel tanks of AF, with the subsequent control of absence in aviation fuel of settling water, mechanical impurities and crystals of ice it is necessary to make on arrival of AF, after gas station (refill) and after the long parking.

47. It is necessary to merge sediment from fuel tanks of AF on arrival as in flight as a result of change of parameters of air in nadtoplivny space of tanks and fall of temperature of fuel there could be formation of emulsion water (opacification), enlargement of drops of emulsion and formation of settling water and crystals of ice, running off on bottom of tank of condensate and hoarfrost from tank walls.

48. In case of detection in test of aviation fuel without PVK of liquid or with addition of PVK of the liquid merged from fuel tank of AF who is not equipped with system of heating of aviation fuel in front of the aircraft fuel filter, waters, crystals of ice or opacification it is necessary to merge sediment before receipt of transparent aviation fuel. If it was not succeeded to receive net aviation fuel, the solution of question of the admission of AF to operation, about draining of aviation fuel or refill of fuel tanks is accepted liquid by aviation fuel with PVK jointly with specialists flight, IAS and service (site) of fuel and lubricants of the GA aviation organization.

49. In case of content in aviation fuel in tanks of AF process of opacification is intensified by liquid PVK. The aviation fuel temperature in tank after arrival or more temperature difference of the filled aviation fuel and remaining balance in tank, the more intensively opacification is lower.

Opacification of aviation fuel with PVK liquid in tanks of AF is not rejection sign. Draining of muddy aviation fuel with PVK liquid from tanks of AF is not made. Works on draining of sediment are considered executed if test of aviation fuel does not contain visually visible mechanical impurities, the settled antifreeze (mixes of the PVK components of liquid and water) or ice crystals.

50. If opacification is revealed at ambient air temperature above plus 5 °C, refill it is recommended to make aviation fuel with the liquid added to it PVK in quantity of 0,1 of % of amount. Otherwise remaining balance of the dimmed aviation fuel it is necessary to merge from fuel tanks of AF and to fill them with aviation fuel without PVK of liquid. In case of the parking of AF in case of sharp fall of temperature on 10–15 °C in fuel tanks of AF the emulsion water which is dropping out then partially in settling water, and also hoarfrost and crystals of ice is formed.

51. For the purpose of prevention of accumulating of settling water and crystals of ice in fuel tanks of AF, both after gas station (refill) of AF, and after the long parking of AF removal of sediment and check of absence in aviation fuel of settling water and crystals of ice is required.

52. At temperatures is lower minus 25 °C and high air humidity is recommended to make in addition for the Mi-2 helicopters draining of sediment from filter box on helicopter arrival, also to examine during flight day surely of filter elements and if necessary removal from their surface of crystals of ice and other pollution.

53. It is not recommended to fill AF with aviation fuel with PVK liquid when it is not stipulated by application conditions, or from the established regulation raised over dosage.

54. For the purpose of prevention of ice accretions of critical surfaces of AF in land conditions from impact of snow, hoarfrost, slush, ice, POZh is applied.

55. POZh are classified as liquids like I, II, III, IV.

POZh of I type have rather low viscosity which changes depending on temperature.

II POZh, III and IV usually contain thickeners and therefore have higher viscosity which changes depending on force of shift, ratio of water and liquid and temperature of liquid.

II POZh have the best anti-icing properties, than POZh of I type.

All POZh shall be made according to technical requirements of ND, answer criteria of application which are established design and ETD on the AF specific type.

56. Recommendations and instructive materials about application of POZh in GA are determined in the Management by ice protection of air vehicles on the earth (Doc 9640) developed by International Civil Aviation Organization (IKAO).

General requirements to POZh of I type and type II, to procedure for its application, to the mobile means applied to drawing POZh on AF are determined:

in the Maintenance manual and in ND of the producer on each AF type;

for POZh made in countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, the corresponding standards and instructions;

for POZh of foreign producers international standards: ISO 11075:2007, ISO 11078:2007.

57. Requirements imposed to the POZh specific brand are determined by ND (the standard or the specification of POZh manufacturer) and the quality certificate approved by the competent organization.

58. Preparation and servicing of special vehicles for transportation and drawing POZh on AF are performed by SST. Drawing POZh on AF by means of special vehicles performs the prepared personnel of the GA aviation organization, according to ND on production of these works.

59. For the AF types which is subject to ice protection, the GA aviation organization develops appropriate technology on anti-icing processing of AF.

60. Under TO and repair of aviation equipment, when carrying out testing and analyses of aviafuel and lubricants, according to TD ethyl alcohol of different brands is applied.

Use of ethyl alcohol on accessory of works shall be performed according to requirements of ND for standard rates of expense.

Section IV. Procedure for selection, registration and storage of tests of aviafuel and lubricants

Chapter 9. General provisions

61. Sampling of aviafuel and lubricants shall be performed according to GOST 2517-2012, and also with requirements of these aviation rules.

Requirements to procedure for selection, registration and storage of tests of aviafuel and lubricants in case of work on aviation fuel supply are provided in ND, and also is direct in TNPA on specific types and the aviafuel and lubricants brand.

Such procedure provides the basic rules of selection, registration and storage of tests of aviafuel and lubricants from means of transportation, storage, gas station, from systems and aggregates AF, and also in case of need procedure for sampling of aviafuel and lubricants in case of non-staff situations (premises to flight accidents, in case of incidents with AF, etc.) for the subsequent monitoring procedure and testing.

62. Sampling of aviafuel and lubricants shall be carried out by properly trained staff with use of figurative (stationary) samplers.

63. Persons allowed to independent work on profile and aware industrial safety rules and flammability control are allowed to sampling of oil products and SZh.

Sampling of aviafuel and lubricants from means of transportation, storage, gas station and production equipment of fuels and lubricants warehouses is made by maintenance personnel of service (site) of fuel and lubricants.

Sampling of aviafuel and lubricants from systems and aggregates AF is made by maintenance personnel of IAS with involvement, if necessary, of technical engineer personnel of service (site) of fuel and lubricants.

64. The selected tests of aviafuel and lubricants shall be representative. Representativeness of tests is reached for the account:

Warning!!!

This is not a full text of document! Document shown in Demo mode!

If you have active License, please Login, or get License for Full Access.

With Full access you can get: full text of document, original text of document in Russian, attachments (if exist) and see History and Statistics of your work.

Get License for Full Access Now

Disclaimer! This text was translated by AI translator and is not a valid juridical document. No warranty. No claim. More info

Effectively work with search system

Database include more 50000 documents. You can find needed documents using search system. For effective work you can mix any on documents parameters: country, documents type, date range, teams or tags.
More about search system

Get help

If you cannot find the required document, or you do not know where to begin, go to Help section.

In this section, we’ve tried to describe in detail the features and capabilities of the system, as well as the most effective techniques for working with the database.

You also may open the section Frequently asked questions. This section provides answers to questions set by users.

Search engine created by SoyuzPravoInform LLC.