of September 2, 2019 No. ZRU-561
About protection of women against oppression and violence
Accepted by Legislative house on August 17, 2019
Approved by the Senate on August 23, 2019
The purpose of this Law is regulation of the relations in the field of protection of women against all forms of oppression and violence.
The legislation on protection of women against oppression and violence consists of this Law and other acts of the legislation.
If the international treaty of the Republic of Uzbekistan establishes other rules, than those which are stipulated by the legislation the Republic of Uzbekistan about protection of women against oppression and violence then are applied rules of the international treaty.
In this Law the following basic concepts are used:
sexual violence - the form of violence against women encroaching on sexual integrity and sexual freedom by making of actions of sexual nature without their consent, and also coercion to the introduction in sexual relations with the third party by means of use of violence or threat of its application or making of dissolute actions concerning female minors;
physical abuse - the form of violence against women encroaching on their life, health, freedom and other rights and freedoms protected by the law by causing bodily harms of varying severity, is in danger of leaving, non-renderings of the help to person who is in life-threatening provision, making of other offenses of violent nature, application or threat of application of other measures of physical impact;
violence - illegal action (failure to act) concerning women encroaching on their life, health, sexual integrity, honor, advantage and other rights and freedoms protected by the law by application or threat of application of measures of physical, psychological, sexual or economic impact;
economic violence - the violence form performed in life on workplaces and in other places, action (failure to act) concerning women, defiant restriction of their right to providing with food, housing and others necessary for normal existence and development by conditions, restriction in implementation of the right to property, education and work;
workplace - directly or indirectly the place controlled by the employer where the woman shall be or where she needs to be followed for accomplishment of labor obligations according to the agreement signed with it or execution of service duty;
psychological violence - the violence form expressed in insult of women, slander, threat, humiliation of honor, advantage, discrimination, and also other actions directed to restriction of their declaration of will including control in the reproductive sphere, the action (failure to act) which caused in the victim of oppression and violence of concern for the safety, entailed inability to protect itself or doing harm to mental health;
oppression - action (failure to act) degrading honor and advantage of women, harassment for which making administrative or criminal liability is not provided;
the victim of oppression and violence - the female person which is under the threat of making of oppression and violence against it or injured with oppression and violence;
protection against oppression and violence - system of urgent actions of economic, social, legal, organizational, psychological and other nature for the purpose of elimination of the danger which arose for life, health of women, ensuring their safety in case of approach of the vital circumstances requiring urgent measures and also non-admissions of repeated illegal actions from the person oppressing and committing violence against the victim of oppression and violence;
the prevention of oppression and violence - system of the economic, social, legal, medical and other measures directed to identification and elimination of the reasons and conditions, promoting oppression and making of violence against women increase in awareness in society on the rights of women to be free from violence;
the security order - the document providing the state protection to the victim of oppression and violence, attracting application of the corrective actions determined by this Law to person or group of persons which are oppressing women or committed concerning them violence.
The victim of oppression and violence has the right on:
the appeal to the relevant authorized bodies and the organizations or court with the statement for making concerning it of oppression and violence or threat of their making;
receipt of free legal consultation, economic, public, psychological, medical and other assistance in the special centers, and also by means of free phone line;
the appeal to law-enforcement bodies with the requirement about issue of the security order, and in case of violation of conditions of the security order informing them about it;
appeal to the court with the requirement about compensation of the material damage caused to it and compensation of moral harm owing to committed oppression and violence.
The victim of oppression and violence in case of appeal to the court with the statement for compensation of the material damage caused to it and compensation of moral harm is exempted from payment of the state fee.
The main directions of state policy in the field of protection of women against oppression and violence are:
development and realization of gender policy, state programs and strategy in protection of women against oppression and violence;
creation in the society of the atmosphere of intolerance to oppression and violence against women;
ensuring protection of the rights, freedoms and legitimate interests of women from oppression and violence;
increase in the society of legal consciousness and legal culture, legality strengthening;
creation of effective organization-legal mechanisms for the prevention, identifications, suppression of oppression and violence against women;
taking measures to elimination of the reasons and conditions promoting oppression and making of violence against women;
ensuring cooperation of state bodies, self-government institutions of citizens, non-state non-profit organizations and other institutes of civil society for the purpose of the prevention of oppression and violence.
Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan:
provides realization of single state policy in the field of protection of women against oppression and violence;
approves state programs and strategy in protection of women against oppression and violence;
creates structures of support, safety, physical and psychological recovery and adaptation of the victims of oppression and violence;
coordinates interaction of the authorized bodies performing protection of women against oppression and violence.
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