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LAW OF UKRAINE

of July 5, 1994 No. 80/94-BP

About information protection in information communications systems

(as amended on 01-12-2022)

This Law governs the relations in the field of information protection in information, electronic communication and information communications systems (further - system).

Article 1. Determination of terms

In this Law the stated below terms are used in the following value:

blocking of information in system - actions owing to which there is impossible information access in system;

information leakage - result of actions owing to which information in system becomes known or available to the physical persons and/or legal entities which do not have access rights to it;

the owner of information - physical person or legal entity which possesses the rights to information;

the owner of system - physical person or legal entity which possesses the property right to system;

information access in system - receipt by the user of opportunity to process information in system;

information protection in system - the activities directed to warning of unauthorized actions concerning information in system;

destruction of information in system - actions owing to which information in system disappears;

the information (automated) sistemaorganizatsionno-technical system in which the technology of information processing with use technical and software is implemented;

information communications system - set information and electronic communication systems which in processing of information are effective as a unit;

end-to-end system of information protection - the interconnected set of organizational and technical actions, means and methods of information protection;

the user of information in system (further - the user) physical person or legal entity which in the procedure established by the legislation acquired right of access to information in system;

cryptographic information protection - the information protection type which is implemented by information transform with use of special (key) data with the purpose of concealment/recovery of contents of information, confirmation of its authenticity, integrity, authorship, etc.;

unauthorized actions concerning information in the sistemedeystviye which are conducted with violation of procedure for the access to this information established according to the legislation;

information processing in system - accomplishment of one or several transactions, in particular: collection, introduction, recording, conversion, reading, preserving, destruction, registration, acceptance, obtaining, transfer, performed in system by means of technical and software;

violation of integrity of information in system - unauthorized actions concerning information in system owing to which its content changes;

procedure for information access in system - conditions of receipt by the user of opportunity to process information in system and processing rules of this information;

electronic communications system - set technical and the software intended for information exchange by transfer, radiations or its acceptance in the form of signals, signs, sounds, mobile or still images or otherwise;

information technical protection - the information protection type aimed at providing by means of technical actions and/or program and technical means of impossibility of leakage, destruction and blocking of information, violation of integrity and access mode to information;

the backup copy of the state information resources - the copy of information which contains in the state information resources which are in ownership or the order of public authorities, local government bodies, the military forming formed according to the laws of Ukraine, the state companies, organizations and organizations and is critical for their steady functioning is created, registers, processed or stored in digital or other non-material form by means of electronic, magnetic, electromagnetic, optical, technical, program or other means for the purpose of the subsequent recovery of this information;

reservation of the state information resources and systems - set of the actions aimed at providing creation of backup copy (backup copies) and storage of the state information resources and systems for the purpose of providing continuity of their work and the subsequent recovery of information containing in the state information resources and systems and also install copies of the software and operating systems (and/or their images) in which their processing is performed. The list of types of the state information resources and systems concerning which backup can be performed is determined by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine.

Other terms are used in the value given in the laws of Ukraine "About information" and "About technical regulations and assessment of conformity".

Article 2. Subjects to protection in system

Subjects to protection in system are information processed in it and the software intended for processing of this information.

Article 3. Subjects of the relations

Subjects of the relations connected with information protection in systems are:

owners of information;

owners of system;

users;

specially authorized central executive body concerning the organization of special communication and information protection and the regional bodies subordinated to it.

The paragraph of the sixth isklbchen according to the Law of Ukraine of  23.02.2014 No. 767-VII

The part two is excluded according to the Law of Ukraine of 27.03.2014 No. 1170-VII

Based on the signed agreement or by proxy the owner of system can grant the right to dispose of system to other physical person or legal entity - the manager of system.

Article 4. Information access in system

The procedure for information access, the list of users and their power concerning this information are determined by the owner of information.

The procedure for access to the state information resources or information with limited access, requirements for the protection established by the law the list of users and their power concerning this information is determined by the legislation.

In the cases provided by the law, the information access in system can be provided without the permission of her owner according to the procedure, established by the law.

Article 5. Relations between the owner of information and owner of system

The owner of system provides information protection in system according to the procedure and on the conditions determined in the agreement which is signed by it with the owner of information if other is not provided by the law.

The owner of system upon the demand of the owner of information provides the information on information protection in system.

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