of December 13, 1991 No. 1977-XII
About scientific and scientific and technical activities
This Law determines legal, organizational and financial basis of functioning and development of the scientific and technical sphere, creates conditions for scientific and scientific and technical activities, ensuring requirements of society and state for technology development.
Development of science and technology is the determining factor of progress of society, growth in prosperity of his members, their spiritual and intellectual growth. It causes need of priority state support of development of science as source of economic growth and integral component of national culture and education, creation of conditions for realization of intellectual potential of citizens in the field of scientific and scientific and technical activities, purposeful policy in ensuring use of achievements of domestic and world science and technology for satisfaction of social, economic, cultural and other requirements.
In this Law the stated below terms are used in the following value:
scientific activities - the intellectual creative activities directed to obtaining and use of new knowledge. Its main forms is basic and applied scientific research;
scientific and technical activities - the intellectual creative activities directed to obtaining and use of new knowledge in all industries of the equipment and technologies. Its main forms (types) are research, developmental, design, technological, prospecting also design and exploration work, production of prototypes or batches of scientific and technical products, and also other works connected with bringing scientific and scientific and technical knowledge to stage of their practical use;
scientific and pedagogical activities - the pedagogical activities in higher educational institutions connected with scientific and (or) scientific and technical activities;
scientific and organizational activities - the activities aimed at methodical, organizational providing and coordination of scientific, scientific and technical and scientific and pedagogical activities;
basic scientific research - the scientific theoretical and (or) experimental activities directed to receipt of new knowledge of patterns of development of the nature, society, the person, their interrelation;
applied scientific research - the scientific activities directed to receipt of new knowledge which can be used for practical purposes;
the scientist - physical person (the citizen of Ukraine, the foreigner or the stateless person) which has the higher education of degree of the master and carries out basic and (or) applied scientific research and receives scientific and (or) scientific and technical results;
the young scientist - the scientist aged up to 35 years;
the scientist - the scientist who on principle place of employment and according to the employment contract (contract) professionally is engaged in scientific, scientific and technical, scientific and organizational or scientific and pedagogical activities and has the corresponding qualification irrespective of availability of scientific degree or academic status confirmed with results of certification;
the scientific and pedagogical worker - the scientist who on principle place of employment in higher educational institution professionally performs pedagogical and scientific or scientific and technical activities;
research (scientific and technical) organization (further - scientific institution) - the legal entity irrespective of pattern of ownership created in the procedure established by the legislation for which scientific or scientific and technical activities are the main and constitutes more than 70 percent of general annual amount of completed work;
scientific work - research for the purpose of receipt of scientific result;
scientific result - the new knowledge received in the course of basic or applied scientific research and fixed on carriers of scientific information in report form, scientific work, the scientific report, the scientific message on research work, monographic research, discovery, etc.;
the scientific and applied result - the new constructive or technology solution, experimental sample, the finished testing, development which is implemented or can be implemented in public practice. The scientific and applied result can be in report form, the outline sketch, design or technological documentation on scientific and technical products, natural sample and t. п;
scientific and technical (experimental) developments - the scientific and technical activities directed to creation of new materials, products, processes, devices, technologies, systems and provision of new services or on essential enhancement of those which are already made (are provided) or are enacted;
scientific (scientific and technical) products - the scientific and (or) scientific and applied result intended for realization;
grant - the financial or other resources provided on bezoplatny and irretrievable basis by legal, physical persons and the international organizations for carrying out specific basic and (or) applied scientific research in the directions and on the conditions determined by predostavitel of grant.
The purpose of this Law is settlement of the relations connected with scientific and scientific and technical activities and creation of conditions for increase in efficiency of scientific research and use of their results for ensuring development of all spheres of public life.
The main objectives of this Law is determination:
legal status of subjects of scientific and scientific and technical activities, material and moral incentives of ensuring prestigiousness and the priority of this sphere of human activities, attraction caused by public requirements in it intellectual potential of the nation;
economic, social and legal guarantees of scientific and scientific and technical activities, freedom of scientific creativity;
main objectives, the directions and the principles of state policy in the field of scientific and scientific and technical activities;
powers of public authorities on implementation of state regulation and management in the field of scientific and scientific and technical activities.
The legislation of Ukraine on scientific and scientific and technical activities consists of this Law and other regulatory legal acts governing the relations in the course of implementation of such activities.
Subjects of scientific and scientific and technical activities are: scientists, scientists, scientific and pedagogical workers, and also scientific institutions, the scientific organizations, higher educational institutions, public organizations in scientific and scientific and technical activities (further - the public scientific organizations).
The scientist is the main subject of scientific and scientific and technical activities.
The scientist has the right:
Disclaimer! This text was translated by AI translator and is not a valid juridical document. No warranty. No claim. More info
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