of June 24, 2004 № 1870-IV
About milk and dairy products
This Law determines the legal and organizational principles of ensuring carelessness and quality of milk and dairy products for life and health of the population and the environment in case of their production, transportation, conversion, storage and realization, import to customs area and export from customs area of Ukraine.
In this Law the stated below terms are used in the following value:
Paragraph two of article 1 of the Law of Ukraine of 05.09.2013 No. 442-VII
producer of milk and dairy raw materials - the legal entity irrespective of pattern of ownership, the physical person - the subject of business activity, the personal peasant economy, the physical person containing cows, sheep, goats, buffalo cows, mares and making milk and dairy raw materials;
The paragraph the fourth is excluded according to the Law of Ukraine of April 15, 2010 N2132-VI
The paragraph the fifth is excluded according to the Law of Ukraine of November 30, 2006 N402-VI
The paragraph of the sixth is excluded according to the Law of Ukraine of 20.09.2019 No. 124-IX
raw milk - product of normal secretion of mammary glands of one or several healthy cows, sheep, goats, buffalo cows, mares which temperature does not exceed 40¶C and which was not exposed to any processing (further - milk);
dairy raw materials - milk which was exposed to preliminary physical processing (to filtering, chilling), and also any dairy products containing of exclusively constituting milk (milk fat, milk protein, lactose) and can be used in production of other products;
dairy products - the products received from milk or dairy raw materials which may contain the nutritional supplements necessary for production provided that these additives neither partially, nor completely do not replace milk components (milk fat, milk protein, lactose);
traditional dairy products - oil, cheeses; and also the fermented milk products made using ferments on net cultures of lactic bacteria - acidophilus milk, curdled milk, fermented baked milk, sour cream, cheese sour-milk; kefir - using ferments on kefiric fungi;
packaging - the room of dairy raw materials and dairy products in container or packaging material;
the processing enterprise - the company which buys milk and dairy raw materials has production capacities and conditions for conversion of dairy raw materials;
the subject of managing - the legal entity irrespective of pattern of ownership, the physical person - the subject of business activity performing production, conversion and realization of milk, dairy raw materials and dairy products;
The paragraph the fourteenth is excluded according to the Law of Ukraine of April 15, 2010 N2132-VI
conciliation commission - the commission created from representatives of the companies and the organizations for milk production, its conversion and realization of dairy products.
The term "marking" is used in the value given in the Law of Ukraine "About the basic principles and requirements to safety and quality of foodstuff" the Term "marking" used in the value given in the Law of Ukraine "About the basic principles and requirements to safety and quality of foodstuff".
This Law governs the relations arising in production process, transportations, conversions, storages and realization, import to customs area and export from customs area of Ukraine of milk, dairy raw materials and dairy products and extends to the subjects of managing who are carrying out economic activity in this sphere.
The basic principles of state policy on ensuring carelessness and quality of milk and dairy products for life and health of the population are:
ensuring internal needs of the state in dairy products of wide assortment and building-up of their export;
control of carelessness and quality of milk, dairy raw materials and dairy products;
assistance to development of integration processes between the producer, the processor and the offtaker;
carrying out market monitoring of milk of dairy raw materials and dairy products;
enhancement of customs and tariff and price policy regarding protection of domestic manufacturers of milk and dairy products;
development of nation-wide development programs of selection and breeding case.
Milk, dairy raw materials and dairy products which are made in Ukraine and are imported on customs area of Ukraine, shall correspond to the indicators of safety and quality for foodstuff established by regulatory legal acts of Ukraine.
Basic regulations of mass fraction of fat and protein are developed and affirm as milk the central executive body, providing forming of the state agrarian policy.
The container and packaging for dairy raw materials and dairy products shall be made of the materials permitted for use by the central executive body providing forming of state policy in health sector.
Packaging and marking of dairy raw materials and dairy products are performed according to the legislation of Ukraine.
Use of names of dairy products in own names of products and trademarks is not allowed if these products are made with use of raw materials of not dairy origin.
The department of process of packaging of dairy products from production cycle of production is forbidden (except packaging of oil, cheese, dry dairy products by the structural divisions of one processing enterprise or processing enterprises which are part of one consolidation).
Requirements to safety and quality of milk and dairy products after their approval are subject to publication in mass media by the central executive body which provides forming of the state agrarian policy.
In production of traditional dairy products it is forbidden to use fats and proteins of not dairy origin, and also any stabilizers and preservatives.
Dairy raw materials and dairy products which are imported on customs area of Ukraine are subject to control according to the legislation of Ukraine.
Withdrawal from turnover, conversion, utilization, destruction or further use of milk, dairy raw materials and the dairy products which are not meeting the requirements established by the legislation are carried out according to the procedure, established by the law.
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