of December 3, 2004 No. 469
About the Concept of development of entrepreneurship in the Republic of Tajikistan for the period till 2015
For the purpose of effective carrying out state policy in the field of entrepreneurship, creation of scientific-theoretical bases of entrepreneurship in the country, consecutive development of small and medium entrepreneurship, the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan decides:
1. Approve the Concept of development of entrepreneurship in the Republic of Tajikistan for the period till 2015 it (is applied).
2. To chairmen of the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region, areas, the city of Dushanbe, cities, areas, the head of the ministries and departments of the Republic of Tajikistan according to the Concept of development of entrepreneurship in the Republic of Tajikistan for the period till 2015 to develop specific medium-term and long-term programs on creating favorable conditions for their practical accomplishment.
3. To provide to the state committee on investments and management of state-owned property of the Republic of Tajikistan control of execution of this Concept and to annually provide information on results in the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan.
4. No. 380) is excluded according to the Order of the Government RT of 01.08.2011
Republic of Tajikistan E.Rakhmonov
Approved by the order of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan of December 3, 2004 No. 469
One of the main instruments of the state support of development of entrepreneurship is the Concept of development of entrepreneurship.
The strategic rate of development of entrepreneurship in the 21st century oriented to implementation of innovative, resource-saving, environmentally friendly, wasteless technologies will promote production cost reduction, accounting of requirements of the world market, providing national competitiveness. Means not only innovations of technogenic nature, but also technology of management, marketing, training in business.
The strategy of development for entrepreneurship assumes also the choice of methods of goal achievement - forward, intensive and extensive development of production of goods and services by business entities, optimization of paying balance and creation of new workplaces.
It should be noted that modern conditions of business in Tajikistan are characterized by availability of essential difficulties of entry into the market of small business entities; such as low solvency of the population, growth of transportation and other costs, difficult access to raw sources, new technologies, loan capital.
In most cases the entrepreneur is ready for survival, but not for business development. The analysis of the current state and development of entrepreneurship, shows that there is complex economic and administrative legal barriers from state bodies, and also local authorities of the government.
Namely shadow payments from subjects of managing begin already with registration. The narrowness of competitive bank environment dictates to the entrepreneur functioning him in disadvantageous conditions in connection with high rates of the credit and shadow payments. Services of bank are high and do not conform to the international standards on terms and service quality.
Local producers have set of problems with sales of products because of high competitiveness of import goods.
Though at all levels speak about protection of local producers, but actually taken measures in this direction are insufficient. As a result production of goods on import substitution is limited.
It is known that around the world the small business is prime vendor of new technologies, innovations and know-how in practice of production, i.e. this main link of the engine of scientific and technical and scientific and economic progress. Irrespective of pattern of ownership, the economical legal mechanism is even more unfair to large taxpayers, i.e. actually it is constructed in such a way that stimulates more foreign investor and does not stimulate the local investor and the entrepreneur - the producer of products and services. With respect thereto the most part of business is in the shadow sphere to economy still.
The taxes paid by small business entities on the simplified system are objectively more proved, than general system of the taxation of the companies of medium and large business. This provision does not promote increase in business activity and stimulation of entrepreneurship in reduction of prices, and the last affects the consumer.
Potential and possibilities of the small sector when restructuring industries are insufficiently used. He poorly participates in processes of integration and partnership with large-scale production via mechanisms of contract cooperation, coproduction and accomplishment of state orders. So far the few large enterprises use the restructuring mechanism relying on the potential of small business. In general also participation of small enterprises in deliveries for the state needs is insignificant.
At the same time, the procedure of document creation for determination of social privileges is so complicated that entrepreneurs refuse them and benefits amount scanty.
Political, financial and economic stability and strengthening of national currency in recent years, and also legal protection and insurance upon possible risks when financing projects created favorable circumstances for attraction of foreign investments to the republic. Monitoring and the deep analysis of condition of small and medium entrepreneurship in the priority directions where it would be possible to enclose foreign investments is regularly carried out.
The analysis of condition of entrepreneurship for the last fifth anniversary confirms that in Tajikistan the mixed economy is created, but the objects set at the same time in view of lack of wide layer of owners, low performance of the privatized companies, delays of rise in national economy it was succeeded to reach not enough. Therefore there was need for adoption of the Concept of development of entrepreneurship in the Republic of Tajikistan, providing also the principles of state regulation of the market relations and determination of the correct rate of private sector development, taking into account feature of national economy and the developed mentality.
The level of development of small business entities reached so far is insufficient for bystry creation of new workplaces, revival of demand offer in the local goods markets, emergence of independent sources of the income at the expense of chastnopredprinimatelsky initiative at the majority of economically active part of the population, decrease in social loads of expenses of budgets of all levels.
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