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Declaration on the state sovereignty of Ukraine

of July 16, 1990 No. 55-XII

Supreme Council of the Ukrainian SSR,

expressing will of the people of Ukraine,

aiming to create democratic society,

proceeding from requirements of comprehensive providing human rights and freedoms,

respecting the national rights of all people,

caring for full political, economic, social and spiritual development of the people of Ukraine,

recognizing need of creation of the constitutional state,

aiming to approve sovereignty and self-government of the people of Ukraine,

PROCLAIMS

the state sovereignty of Ukraine as supremacy, independence, completeness and indivisibility the authorities of the republic within its territory and independence and equality in external relations.

I. SELF-DETERMINATION OF THE UKRAINIAN NATION

The Ukrainian SSR as the sovereign national state develops in the existing borders on the basis of implementation by the Ukrainian nation of the inalienable right to self-determination.

The Ukrainian SSR performs protection and protection of national statehood of the Ukrainian people.

Any violent acts against national statehood of Ukraine from political parties, public organizations, other groups or individuals are pursued under the law.

II. DEMOCRACY

Citizens of the Republic of all nationalities constitute the people of Ukraine.

The people of Ukraine are the single source of the government in the Republic.

Sovereignty of the people of Ukraine is implemented on the basis of the Constitution of the Republic as it is direct, and through the People's Deputies elected in Supreme and local councils of the Ukrainian SSR.

On behalf of all people exclusively Supreme Council of the Ukrainian SSR can act. Any political party, public organization, other group or the individual cannot act on behalf of all people of Ukraine.

III. GOVERNMENT

The Ukrainian SSR is independent in the solution of any questions of the state life.

The Ukrainian SSR provides rule of the Constitution and the laws of the Republic in the territory.

The government in the Republic is performed by the principle of its separation on legislative, executive and judicial.

The highest supervision of exact and uniform execution of the laws is performed by the Attorney-General of the Ukrainian SSR who is appointed by the Supreme Council of the Ukrainian SSR, otvetstven before it and is only accountable to it.

IV. NATIONALITY OF THE UKRAINIAN SSR

The Ukrainian SSR has the nationality and guarantees to each citizen the right to preserving citizenship of the USSR.

The bases of acquisition and loss of nationality of the Ukrainian SSR are determined by the Law of the Ukrainian SSR on nationality.

The rights and freedoms which are provided by the Constitution of the Ukrainian SSR and rules of international law recognized as the Ukrainian SSR are guaranteed to all citizens of the Ukrainian SSR.

The Ukrainian SSR provides equality before the law of all citizens of the Republic irrespective of origin, social and property status, racial and national identity, floor, education, language, political views, religious beliefs, sort and nature of occupations, the residence and other circumstances.

The Ukrainian SSR regulates immigration processes.

The Ukrainian SSR shows care and takes measures for protection and protection of interests of the citizens of the Ukrainian SSR who are outside the Republic.

V. TERRITORIAL SUPREMACY

The Ukrainian SSR performs supremacy in all the territory.

The territory of the Ukrainian SSR in the existing borders is inviolable and cannot be changed and used without its consent.

The Ukrainian SSR independently determines the administrative-territorial device of the Republic and procedure for formation of national administrative units.

VI. ECONOMIC INDEPENDENCE

The Ukrainian SSR independently determines the economic status and enshrines it in the laws.

The people of Ukraine have exclusive right to ownership, use and the order of national wealth of Ukraine.

The earth, its subsoil, airspace, water and other natural resources which are in limits of the territory of the Ukrainian SSR, natural resources of its continental shelf and exclusive (sea) economic zone, all economic and scientific and technical potential created in the territory of Ukraine are property of its people, material basis of sovereignty of the Republic and are used for the purpose of ensuring material and spiritual needs of her citizens.

The Ukrainian SSR has the right to the share in all-union wealth, in particular in all-union diamond and currency funds and gold stock which is created thanks to efforts of the people of the Republic.

The solution of questions of all-union property (common property of all republics) is performed on contractual basis between the republics - subjects of this property.

The companies, organizations, the organizations and objects of other states and their citizens, the international organizations can be placed in the territory of the Ukrainian SSR and use natural resources of Ukraine according to the laws of the Ukrainian SSR.

The Ukrainian SSR independently creates bank (including the external economic bank), price, financial, customs, tax systems, the government budget creates, and if necessary enters the monetary unit.

The highest credit institute of the Ukrainian SSR is the national bank of Ukraine accountable to the Supreme Council of the Ukrainian SSR.

The companies, organizations, the organizations and production units located in the territory of the Ukrainian SSR bring payment for use of the earth, others natural and manpower, assignment from currency receipts, and also pay taxes to local budgets.

The Ukrainian SSR provides protection of all patterns of ownership.

VII. ECOLOGICAL SAFETY

The Ukrainian SSR independently establishes procedure for the organization of conservation in the territory of the Republic and procedure for use of natural resources.

The Ukrainian SSR has the national commission of radiation protection of the population.

The Ukrainian SSR has the right to forbid construction and to stop functioning of any companies, organizations, organizations and other objects causing threat of ecological safety.

The Ukrainian SSR cares for ecological safety of citizens, for gene pool of the people, its younger generation.

The Ukrainian SSR has the right to compensation of damage caused to ecology of Ukraine by actions of allied bodies.

VIII. CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT

The Ukrainian SSR is independent in the solution of questions of science, education, cultural and spiritual development of the Ukrainian nation, guarantees to all nationalities living in the territory of the Republic, the right of their free national and cultural development.

The Ukrainian SSR provides national and cultural revival of the Ukrainian people, his historical consciousness and traditions, national and ethnographic features, functioning of Ukrainian in all spheres of public life.

The Ukrainian SSR shows care of satisfaction of national and cultural, spiritual and language needs of the Ukrainians living outside the Republic.

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