of February 8, 1995 No. 39/95-BP
About use of nuclear energy and radiation safety
This Law is fundamental in the nuclear legislation of Ukraine. He establishes priority of safety of the person and the surrounding environment, the right and obligation of citizens in the field of use of nuclear energy, regulates the activities connected with use of nuclear installations and sources of ionizing radiation, establishes also legal basis of the international obligations of Ukraine on use of nuclear energy.
In this Law the below included terms and determinations are used in the following value:
use of nuclear energy is set of the types of activity connected with use of nuclear technologies, nuclear materials, sources of ionizing radiation in science, production, medicine and other industries, and also production of uranium ores and the treatment of radioactive waste;
initial material - the uranium containing isotopes in that ratio in which they are available in natural uranium; the uranium which is grown poor by isotopes 235; thorium; any of the specified substances in the form of metal, alloy, chemical compound or concentrate; any other material containing one or several of the specified substances in the concentration established by regulations, rules and standards on safety;
the source of ionizing radiation - physical object, except nuclear installations, containing radioactive material, or the technical device which creates or under certain conditions can create ionizing radiation;
quality assurance - package of measures, planned and systematically implementable for the purpose of achievement of confidence that the performed types of activity answer regulations, rules and standards on safety;
closing - completion of all transactions in certain time after placement of radioactive waste in storage for burial which includes the final technical or other works necessary for reduction of storage in condition, safe for a long time;
burial of radioactive waste - placement of radioactive waste in the object intended for the treatment of radioactive waste without intention of their further use;
the object intended for the treatment of radioactive waste - the construction, the room or the equipment intended for operating, processing, including preliminary, conditioning, transportations, storages or burials of radioactive waste, and also nuclear installation in process of removal from operation after recognition by its installation for the treatment of radioactive waste;
transportation - the activities connected with preparation, loading, sending, transportation including transit storage, unloading and acceptance in final destination of loads of radioactive materials and packagings;
the treatment of radioactive waste - all types of activity (including the activities connected with removal from operation) concerning operating, processing, including preliminary, conditioning, transportations, storages or burials of radioactive waste;
radiation safety - observance of the admissible limits of radiative effects on personnel, the population and the surrounding environment established by regulations, rules and standards of safety;
radiation accident (accident) - event owing to which control over nuclear installation, source of ionizing radiation and which brings or can result in the radiative effects on people and the surrounding environment exceeding the admissible limits set by regulations, rules and standards of safety is lost;
radiation protection - set of the radiation and hygienic, design, technical and organizational actions aimed at providing radiation safety;
radioactive waste - material objects and substances, activity of radionuclides or radioactive pollution of which exceeds the limits set by existing rules provided that use of these objects and substances is not provided (except the Section XIII where this term is used in value according to part two of this Article);
radioactive materials - sources of ionizing radiation, nuclear materials and radioactive waste;
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