of April 5, 2005 No. 2509-IV
About the combined production of heat and electrical energy (cogeneration) and use of waste power potential
This Law determines legal, economic and organizational basis of activities of subjects of the relations in the field of energy saving by use of cogeneration installations, governs the relations connected with features of production, transfer, distribution and supply of electrical and heat energy from cogeneration installations.
The purpose of this Law is creation of the legal basis for increase in efficiency of use of fuel in production processes of energy or other engineering procedures, development and use of technologies of the combined production of electrical and heat energy, increase in reliability and safety of power supply at the regional level, investment attraction on creation of cogeneration installations.
In this Law terms are used in the following value:
the released energy - the electrical or heat energy delivered to consumers from cogeneration installation;
additional fuel - the fuel burned constantly or temporarily in products of combustion of the main fuel for the purpose of increase in electric and/or thermal power of cogeneration installation;
efficiency of use of additional fuel - the relation of growth of amount of the electrical and/or heat energy released within the year from cogeneration installation caused by combustion of additional fuel during the specified term to energy of this additional fuel;
qualification of cogeneration installation - establishment by the central executive body in the field of energy saving of compliance of conditions and indicators of operation of cogeneration installation to requirements (qualification indicators) of this Law;
qualified cogeneration installation - cogeneration installation which conditions and indicators of operation conform to requirements of This Law;
cogeneration installation - complex of the equipment which works on method of the combined production of electrical and heat energy or turns waste energy potential of engineering procedures into electrical and heat energy;
the combined production of electrical and heat energy (cogeneration) - method of simultaneous production of electrical and heat energy within one engineering procedure as a result of combustion of fuel;
the main fuel - fuel which provides operability of cogeneration installation, including waste energy potential of engineering procedures;
waste energy potential of engineering procedures secondary energy resources which can be used for production of electrical and heat energy in cogeneration installations. The list of these secondary energy resources is established by the central executive body in the field of energy saving.
This Law governs the relations arising in the field of energy saving between owners of cogeneration installations and operators of systems of distribution irrespective of pattern of ownership.
Operation of this Law regarding stimulation of use of cogeneration installations extends to the installations put into operation after entry into force of this Law.
The relations in the field of the combined production of heat and electrical energy are regulated by the Law of Ukraine "About energy efficiency", this Law and other regulatory legal acts.
Use of cogeneration installations has the features caused by the following factors:
consumption of traditional organic types of fuel or use of waste energy potential of engineering procedures;
possibility of use of additional fuel;
possibility of leave of electrical energy from cogeneration installation in local (local) power networks or its consumption for own requirements of object on which cogeneration installation is used;
variety of energy objects based on which cogeneration installations are constructed;
availability of significantly excellent requirements to ratio of amounts of electrical and heat energy which are made by cogeneration installation.
Operation of cogeneration installations is made under conditions:
supports of necessary balance of capacity and quality of the electrical energy made by cogeneration installations for ensuring reliable functioning of power system;
preventions of illegal intervention in system operation of antiemergency automatic equipment.
State policy in the field of use of cogeneration installations is based on the principles:
development and balanced use of cogeneration installations in national economy;
assistance to reorganization of the operating heatgenerating objects in installations of the combined production of electrical and heat energy for the purpose of growth of efficiency of use of fuel and increase in ecological safety;
creations of the electrogenerating capacities distributed (local) as conditions of increase in reliability and safety of power supply at the regional level;
state regulation of the relations in this sphere;
economic incentives of use of cogeneration installations at the companies irrespective of pattern of ownership and industry accessory;
providing open entry of the bodies exercising the state control to information on condition of cogeneration installations and production volumes of electrical and heat energy.
Financing of project development, purchase of processing equipment and construction of cogeneration installations is performed at the expense of own and borrowed means of the companies, partial use of means of special accounts of technoparks, physical persons, including foreign investors, the credits of power service companies, and also at the expense of means of the relevant budgets.
During creation of cogeneration installations, including based on the operating energy objects in the industry or in utility heat supply, with attraction of financial resources of the investor such investor can acquire the right of the owner (co-owner) of cogeneration installation on the conditions determined by the investment agreement.
Authorized persons of the owner (co-owner), the investor of cogeneration installation are granted right of access on the territory, to rooms and to equipment (equipment) of energy objects for construction and maintenance of cogeneration installation on the conditions determined by the investment agreement.
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